Area of distribution and damage of Oulema melanopus (L.)

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists E.I. Ovsyannikova & I.Ya. Grichanov
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Map was created using information from state publications and maps of scale 1:17,000,000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map consisting of 3 layers. Distribution area and zones of damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The Cereal Leaf Beetle distribution area covers all main regions of industrial grain cultivation in the former USSR. Within the limits of the general distribution area, a zone of high damage and a zone of moderate and low damage were allocated. In the zone of high damage, with weather conditions favorable to species development (high air temperature and absence of precipitation), the population density exceeds 40-50 beetles/m2 on winter crops and 10-15 beetles/m2 on summer crops in the period of tillering and booting; the number of eggs or larvae appearing during the cereal growth stages, booting and ear emergence exceeds 0.5-1.0 specimens per stem, or leaf surface damage exceeds 10-15% of leaves (Dolzhenko, 2004; Slivkina, 1980; Kryazheva et al., 1981). In the zone of moderate and low damage, the population density in the period of tillering and booting usually does not exceed 40 beetles/m2 on winter crops and 10 beetles/m2 on summer ones; the number of eggs or larvae during the cereal growth stages, booting and ear emergence usually does not exceed 0.5-1.0 specimens per stem, or leaf surface damage does not exceed 10-15% of leaves. In practice, in the majority of regions, the Cereal Leaf Beetle is controlled alongside other pests of grain crops.

Mapping procedure:

The map was compiled following an analysis of public cartographical materials and published sources. The Cereal Leaf Beetle distribution area was outlined using published data on species distribution (Gorbunova, 1957; Belyaev, 1959; Lopatin et al., 1974; Brovdii, 1974; Chmyr' & Kolesova, 1974; Medvedev & Amosov, 1978; Sobakar' et al., 1981; Polyakov et al., 1984; Antova, 1949; Megalov, 1974; Shvetsova, 1957; etc.). In Northern European Russia, the species occurs in the Leningrad and Vologda (Cherepovets) Regions and the Republic of Komi (Syktyvkar) (Karpova, 1936; Shernin, 1967; Sedykh, 1974; Lobanov, 2000). Within Central Asia and Kazakhstan, the pest occurs everywhere, except in sandy deserts (Gussakovskii, 1949; Antova, 1951; Slivkina, 1980). In Siberia, the species is widespread in steppe and forest-steppe zones from the Urals to the Chita Region (Shvetsova, 1957; Sobakar' et al., 1981; Medvedev & Amosov, 1978; Chashchina, 2002; Shilenkov et al., 2004; etc.); however, detailed research carried out in Yakutia demonstrate that the Cereal Leaf Beetle penetrates far northward into the taiga zone along river valleys, for example, along the valleys of Lena and Aldan to Yakutsk (Medvedev & Amosov, 1978). Material from Paramushir Island of Kuriles are in the collection of the Siberian Zoological Museum of the Russian Academy of Science (Tshernyshev, 2003). Polyakov et al. (1980) indicates that the harming activity of the pest on rice in the south of the Far East does not correspond to that mentioned in the latest publications. High mountains of the Caucasus and Central Asia were excluded from the distribution area. The zone of low damage includes steppe and forest-steppe zones of the European former USSR, Transcaucasia, Central Asia, Kazakhstan, steppes and forest-steppes of Southern Siberia (Polyakov et al., 1980). The zone of moderate damage covers areas within steppe and forest-steppe zones of European Russia, as well as foothill areas of the Northern Caucasus, Crimea and Ural (Brovdii, 1974; Lopatin et al., 1974; Chmyr' & Kolesova, 1974; Guslits & Shapiro, 1978; Guslits & Zubkov, 1980; Kryazheva et al., 1981; etc.), but available data do not allow us to draw borders of this zone. Thus, the uniform zone of low and moderate damage is shown on the map. Borders of the zone of high damage were specified using the map by Dobrovol'skii (1959) for the Northern Caucasus and the map by Slivkina (1980) for Kazakhstan. The zones of damage were corrected to match areas of industrial grain cultivation shown on the vector maps of I.E. Koroleva et al. (2003). Registration and vectorization of the raster map were executed using GIS technologies.

Sources of data:

Antova Yu.K. 1949. Insect pests of grain crops in areas of Southern Tajikistan. In: Pavlovskii E.N., ed. Proc. Inst. Zool. Parasitol., v. 19. Zoology and parasitology. Stalinabad: Tajik branch AN SSSR, p. 29-48 (in Russian)
Belyaev I.M. 1974. Pests of grain crops. Moscow: Kolos. 284 p. (in Russian).
Brovdii V.M. 1974. Family Chrysomelidae. In: Vasil'ev V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V.2. Kiev: Urozhai, p. 49-88 (in Russian).
Chashchina O.E. 2002. Materials on fauna of Coleoptera (Insecta) of Il'menskii Nature Reserve. Chelyabinsk: News of the Chelyabinsk centre of science, Biology, iss. 2(15), (in Russian).
Chmyr' P.G., Kolesova D.A. 1974. Dangerous pest of grain crops. In: Semakov V.V., ed. Proc. Vseros. NIIZR, v. 3. Voronezh: VNIISS, p.71-82 (in Russian).
Dobrovol'skii B.V. 1959. Distribution of insect pests. Foci and zones of maximum harm. Moscow: Sovetskaya nauka, 216 p. (in Russian).
Dolzhenko V.I., ed. 2004. Methodical instructions on registration tests of insecticides, acaricides, molluscicides, and rodenticides in agriculture. St.Petersburg: VIZR, 363 p. (in Russian).
Gorbunova N.N., Turishcheva N.A. 1957. Pests of corn on peaty-marshy soils. In: Lappo A.I., ed. Corn in Byelorussia. Minsk: AN Bel. SSR, 412 p. (in Russian)
Grivanov K.P., Zakharov L.Z. 1958. Pests of field cultures in the Southeast. Saratov: Saratov Publishing House, 345 p. (in Russian)
Guslits I.S., Shapiro I.D. 1978. Cereal Leafbeetle. In: Shapiro I.D., ed. Methodical recommendations on evaluation of agricultural crops resistance to pests. Leningrad: VIZR, p. 79-97 (in Russian).
Guslits I.S., Zubkov A.F. 1980. On harming activity of Lema melanopus L. (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) on winter wheats. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie 59(4): 713-725 (in Russian)
Gussakovskii V.V. 1949. Coleoptera. In: In: Pavlovskii E.N. & Shtakelberg A.A., eds. Pest Animals of Middle Asia (handbook). Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR, p. 57-110 (in Russian).
Karpova A.I. 1936. Specialized pests of grain cereals in 1935. In: Gabchenko G.D., ed. Mainest pests and diseases of agriculture in the USSR (review for 1935). Leningrad: VASKHNIL, p. 61-108 (in Russian)
Kobakhidze D.N. 1957. Harmful entomofauna in agricultural crops of Georgia. Tbilisi: AN Gruz. SSR, 274 p. (in Russian).
Kryazheva, L.P., Ponomareva, E.A. & Ovsyannikova, E.I. 1981. Simulation of winter wheat yield losses and economical background of the crop protection against pests. In: Fadeev Yu.N., Voronin K.E., eds. Integrated pest management. Moscow: Kolos, p. 126-140 (in Russian).
Kurtsikidze D.E. 1980. Distribution, fodder plants and negative economic significance of Lema melanopus L. in conditions of East Georgia. In: Anon., ed. Proc. NIIZR. Tbilisi: MSKH Gruz.SSR, p. 122-123 (in Georgian, with Russian and English summary).
Lobanov A.L. 2000. Chrysomelidae of Leningrad Region. Saint-Petersburg: ZIN RAN, (in Russian)
Lopatin I.K., Medvedev L.N., Shapiro D.S. 1974. Family Chrysomelidae. In: Kryzhanovskii, O.L., ed. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural plants. V. 2. Coleoptera. Leningrad: Nauka, p. 157-197 (in Russian).
Lopatin I.K., Tadzhibaev M. 1972. Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera) of Tajik valleys. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie 51(3): 588-594 (in Russian)
Markovets A.F., Gorbunova N.N., Pil'ko M.M. 1962. Pests of field cultures and their control. Minsk: Sel'khozgiz BSSR, 107 p. (in Russian)
Medvedev L.N., Ammosov Yu.N. 1978. Fauna of Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera) and its main zoogeographic features. In: Ammosov Yu.N., ed. Ecological and faunistic researches of insects of Yakutia. Collection of proceedings. Yakutsk: Yakutian branch SO AN SSSR, p.113-128 (in Russian)
Megalov V. 1927. Lema melanopus L. Pest of oats, barley and other cereals. Saratov: Saratov regional experimental station, 29 p. (in Russian)
Ol'khovskaya-Burkova A.K., Musatenko M.A. 1989. Oulema melanopus on summer barley and measures of its control in conditions of intensive agriculture. In: Lesovoi M.P., ed. Plant protection in conditions of intensification of agriculture in Ukrainian SSR. Proceedings. Kiev: VASKHNIL, Southern branch, p. 54-58 (in Russian)
Polyakov I.Ya., Kopaneva L.M., Dorokhova G.I. 1980. Number of pests and entomophages of grain cultures in different agricultural zones of the USSR. In: Kopaneva L.M., ed. Key to harmful and useful insects and mites of grain cultures in the USSR. Leningrad: Kolos: 7-39. (In Russian).
Raimov Kh.S. 1958. Features of biology of the Cereal Leafbeetle. Zashchita rastenii ot vreditelei i boleznei 5: 57 (in Russian)
Samedov N.G., Mirzoeva N.B. 1981. Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera) of the Great Caucasus in Azerbaijan. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie 60(1) 103-116 (in Russian)
Sedykh K.F. 1974. Animal world of Komi ASSR. Invertebrates. Syktyvkar: Komi Publishing House, 189 p. (in Russian).
Shernin A.I. 1967. Animal pests of field. In: Shernin A.I., ed. Nature of Kirov Region. Collection of papers. Kirov: Volgo-Vyatskoe Publishing House, p. 320-356 (in Russian).
Shilenkov V.G., Dubeshko L.N., Anishchenko A.V., Shibanova N.V. & Didorenko S.I. 2004. Zoological excursions at Baikal Lake. Invertebrates. Irkutsk: (in Russian).
Shurovenkov B.G. 1979. Lema lichenis and L. melanopus L. (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae), their biology, entomophages and significance in European meadow forest-steppe. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie 63(2): 250-259 (in Russian).
Shvetsova A.N. 1957. Materials on studying pests of corn in conditions of Omsk Region. In: Anon., ed. Proc. of Omsk Agr. Institute, v. 22(1), Omsk: Omsk Agr. Institute, p. 125-137 (in Russian).
Slivkina K.A. 1981. Zones of harmfulness of the Cereal Leafbeetle in Kazakhstan. In: Nurmuratov T., ed. Protection of field cultures, pastures and haymakings against pests, diseases and weeds. Proceedings. Alma-Ata: East branch of VASKHNIL, 179 p. (in Russian)
Sobakar' T.A., Timokhina A.F., Gurova T.F., Gorbunov N.N. 1981. Planning of monitoring Cereal Leafbeetle. In: Ivanov O.A., ed. Zonal systems of plant protection against pests and diseases in Siberia. Proceedings. Novosibirsk: Sib. branch VASKHNIL, p.83-88 (in Russian)
Tochenov V.V., ed. 1984. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK, 260 p. (in Russian)
Tshernyshev S.E. 2003. Chrysomelidae. Collection of Siberian Zoological Museum. (in Russian)
Yakhontov V.V. 1953. Pests of agricultural plants and products of Central Asia and their control. Tashkent: State Publishing House UzSSR, 663 p. (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2005 (c) E.I. Ovsyannikova, I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR; description, raster map); M.I. Saulich (VIZR, vector map); A.N. Frolov (VIZR, photo).

Web design —
Kelnik studios