Area of distribution and damage of Pegomyia betae Curtis.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists I.Ya.Grichanov & E.I.Ovsyannikova,
GIS-specialist M.I.Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

It is created on information taken from the open-published literature and maps of scale 1: 33 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map consisting of 3 layers. Area and zone of damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

Two zones of damage are allocated within the limits of general area. In the zone of moderate damage, the pest population density exceeds economic threshold (10 and more eggs and larvae per 1 plant); in the zone of low damage, the pest population density does not reach the economic threshold (Zolin, 1975). In some years, 90% and more beet plants are damaged that causes reduction of root yield by 22-27%, of beet tops yield by 21-22%, of saccharinity by 0.9-1.1% (Turishcheva & Shukanov, 1975).

Method of map production:

The map is compiled by results of the analysis of the open published materials and maps. Available Russian applied literature does not allow separating areas of P. hyosciami and P. betae. Therefore, joint area of the two species is outlined. Maps compiled by Saiko V.F. (1976; figs. 1 and 2) are taken as prototypes, being corrected according with reference citations. In the north of the European part, the area reaches the Murmansk Region, includes also Ukraine, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Central Chernozem Region, the Caucasus, Transcaucasia, Middle Asia, Siberia, and the Far East (see reference data). Deserts and high mountains of Central Asia and Kazakhstan are excluded from the area. The zone of moderate damage is determined within the limits of western forest-steppe of Ukraine after the data of Saiko (1976) and Rogochaya(1974). The zone of low damage covers the other areas of industrial beet-growing (maps of Rukhovich, 2003; Terekhina, 2004).

Reference citations:

Alekhin V.A. 1972. Beet fly. Zashchita rastenii 12: 50 (in Russian).
Asanov M. 1966. Beet mining fly - the most dangerous beet pest in Gorkii Region. In: Vorontsov E.M., ed. Scientific proceedings. Iss. 75. Biology. Gor.kii: Volgo-Vyatskoe Publishing House, p. 167-174 (in Russian).
Berezkina M.I. 1968. Two species of beet mining flies. Zashchita rastenii 8: 55 (in Russian).
Berezkina M.N. & Matveeva M.I. 1968. Parasites of Beet fly. Zashchita rastenii 1: 44 (in Russian).
El.berg K.Yu. 1970. Antomyiidae. In: Bei-Bienko G.Ya., ed. Keys to insects of the European part of the USSR. V. 5(2). Leningrad: Nauka, p. 458-511 (in Russian).
El.berg K.Yu. 1981. Antomyiidae. In: Narchuk E.P. & Tryapitsyn V.A., eds. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural plants. V. 4. Hymenoptera and Diptera. Leningrad: Nauka: 188-198 (in Russian).
Minoranskii V.A. 1964. Beet pests in the Rostov Region. Zashchita rastenii 11: 41-44 (in Russian).
Mishchenko A.I. 1957. Insects - pests of agricultural plants in the Far East. Khabarovsk: Khabarovsk Publishing House, 198 p. (in Russian).
Osmolovskii G.E. 1964. On tactics of Beet fly control. Zashchita rastenii 5: 11 (in Russian).
Pakalniskis S., Bernotiene R., Lutovinovas E., Petrasiunas A., Podenas S., Rimsaite J., Saeter O.A., & Soungis V. 2006. Checklist of Lithuaninan Diptera. Acta zoological lituanica 10(1): 16-154.
Popova I.V. & Tuchin V.F. 1964. Forecast of sugar beet pests and diseases. Zashchita rastenii 4: 40-41 (in Russian).
Rogochaya E.G. 1974. Antomyiidae. In: Vasil.ev V.P. ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. Kiev: Urozhai, v.2: 540-548 (in Russian).
Rukhovich D.I. 2003. Sugar beet cultivation area.
Saiko V.F. 1976. Beet mining flies. Moscow: Kolos, 88 p. (in Russian).
Selin I.V. 1965. Beet fly and its control. In: Gorbacheva E.I., ed. Proc. Smolensk Agr. Res. Station. Iss. 2(1). Moscow: Rossel.khoizdat, p. 213-216 (in Russian).
Selin I.V. & Selina N.A. 1969. Harmfulness of Beet fly in conditions of Nonchernozem zone. In: Buzanov I.F., ed. Works of yong researchers and PhD students on beet-growing in various zones of country. Kiev: NII sakharnoi svekly, p. 188-191 (in Russian).
Shtakel.berg A.A. 1949. Diptera. In: Shtakel.berg A.A., ed. Pest animals if Middle Asia (handbook). Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR: 48-57 (in Russian).
Stradzinya A.A. 1964. Influence of various factors on mass outbreaks of Beet fly in Latvian SSR. In: Tsinovskii YA.P., ed. Forecast in plant protection from pests and diseases. Riga: AN Latv. SSR, p. 127-131 (in Russian).
Terekhina N.V. 2004. The area of Fodder beet (Beta vulgaris L. ssp vulgaris var. alba).
Toryanskaya N.K. 1972. Beet fly control. Zashchita rastenii 6: 42-44 (in Russian).
Turishcheva V.A. 1968. To biology of Pegomya hyosciami Panz. in Minsk Region and on its control. In: Serzhanin I.N., ed. Third Zool. Conf. Belorus. SSR. Abstracts. Minsk: Inst. zool. parazitol. AN Bel. SSR, p. 219-220 (in Russian).
Turishcheva V.A. & Shukanov A.S. 1975. Pests and diseases of sugar beet. In: Dorozhkin I.A. & Ambrosov A.L., eds. Plant protection from pests, diseases and weeds in Byelorussian SSR (recommendations). Minsk: Uradzhai, p. 89-97 (in Russian).
Yakhontov V.V. 1953. Pests of agricultural plants and products of Central Asia and their control. Tashkent: State Publishing House UzSSR, 663 p. (in Russian).
Znamenskaya M.K. 1962. Review of pests of agricultural plants of Murmansk Region. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie 41(2): 310-322 (in Russian).
Zolin V.P. 1975. Features of Beet fly spread in table beet fields. In: Berim N.G., ed. Plant Protection from pests and diseases. Proc. LSKHI, v. 270. Leningrad-Pushkin, p. 67-70 (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2007 ©I.Ya.Grichanov, E.I.Ovsyannikova (VIZR; description, raster map); M.I.Saulich (VIZR, vector map); I.Ya.Grichanov (VIZR, picture).

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