Area of distribution and damage of Phaedon cochleariae F.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist M.N. Berim,
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

It is created on materials of map of natural scale 1:33 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map is composed of 3 thematic layers. Zones of distribution and damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

The insect area is divided into zones of moderate and low damage after the published materials (Bogdanov-Kat'kov, 1921; Brovdii, 1974; et al.). The zone of low damage includes regions which are characterized by average population density 4 to 10 beetles per 1 square meter, populating 10% plants and more; the zone of moderate damage is 10 to 25 insects per 1 square meter, populating up to 50% plants.

Method of map production:

The area and damage zones of P.cochleariae have been marked on a blank map by results of the analysis of the published materials. The materials of VIZR expeditions have also been used. The northern border has been marked after the published materials (Lopatin et al., 1972; Medvedev et al., 1964); the results of the analysis of hosts spreading (cruciferous) have been used according to the Atlas of the USSR vegetation, taking into account the temperature preference of this insect (the insects are rather cold resistant in winter). Within the territory of the Former Soviet Union, the species occurs widely, except the Far North and the Primorskii Territory. The borders of zones of different harmfulness are given, using criteria that have been published by I.K.Lopatin (1972), V.P. Vasil'ev (1973), and others. The northern border of moderate damage zone has been marked along northern border of Leningrad Region. This zone includes northwestern and central regions of the European part of Russia, western regions of Ukraine, partially Byelorussia, and Baltic States. The moderate damage is observed in the southern regions of Byelorussia, northern regions of Ukraine, Central Black Earth zone, Middle and Upper parts of Volga Basin Region. Southern border of this zone coincides with the borders of forest and forest-steppe zones. The vector map of cabbage distribution within the territory of the Former Soviet Union (Terekhina, 2004) and also the map of arable lands (Koroleva et al., 2003) have also been used for the correction of damage zones.

Reference citations:

Bogdanov-Kat'kov N.N. 1921. Mustard leaf beetle. In: Bogdanov-Kat'kov N.N., ed. Proceedings of entomological department of Nikolaev experimental station. Petrograd: Petrograd Agricultural Academy. 76 p. (in Russian).
Bogdanov-Kat'kov N.N. 1921. Mustard leaf beetle. Petersburg: State publishing house. 20 p. (in Russian).
Brovdii V.M. 1974. Geographical distribution and ecology of mustard leaf beetle in Ukraine. In: Vasil'ev V.P., ed. Zakhist roslin. Vol. 2. Kiev: pivdenne viddilennya Vsesoyuznoi Akademii sil'skogospodars'kikh nauk im. V.I.Lenina. P. 17-20 (in Ukrainian).
Karavyanskii N.S. & Mazur O.P. 1975. Pests and diseases of fodder cultures. Moscow: Rossel'khozizdat. P. 203-204 (in Russian).
Kosov V.V. & Polyakov I.Ya. 1958. Forecasting and calculation of pests and diseases on agricultural cultures. Moscow: Agricultural Department. P. 528 (in Russian).
Lopatin I.K., Medvedev L.N., & Shapiro D.S. 1972. Family Chrysomelidae - leaf beetles. In: Kryzhanovskii O.L., ed. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural crops. V. 1. Leningrad: Nauka. P. 173 (in Russian).
Medvedev L.N. &. Shapiro D.S. 1964. Family Chrysomelidae - leaf beetles. In: Bei-Bienko G.Ya., ed. Keys to insects of the European part of the USSR. V. 1. Moscow & Leningrad: Nauka. P. 447 (in Russian).
Migulin A.A. 1983, ed. Agricultural entomology. Moscow: Kolos. P. 211 (in Russian).
Polyakov I.Ya. & Tanskii V.I. 1975. The definition of economical necessity of chemical control treatments. In: Polyakov I.Ya., ed. Forecasting of pests on agricultural cultures. Leningrad: Kolos. P. 213-238 (in Russian).
Shchegolev V.N. 1960. Agricultural entomology. Moscow-Leningrad: state agricultural publishing house. P. 260 (in Russian).
Terekhina N.V. 2004. The area of cabbage (Brassica oleraceae L.).
Vanek G., Korchagin V.N. & Ter-Simonyan L.G. 1989. Atlas on diseases and pests of fruit, vegetable, berry cultures and grapes. Bratislava & Moscow: Priroda & Agropromizdat. P. 328-329 (in Russian).
Vasil.ev V.P., ed. 1973. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. 1. Kiev: Urozhai. P. 64 (in Russian).
Volkov S.M., Zimin L.S., Rudenko D.K. & Tupenevich S.M. 1955. Atlas of pests and diseases on agricultural cultures in the Non-Black Earth zone of the European part of the USSR. Moscow & Leningrad: Sel'khozgiz. P. 160 (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2007 © M.N.Berim & M.I.Saulich (vector map, description). Picture of Phaedon cochleariae is borrowed from the "Atlas of the pests and diseases on agricultural cultures in the Non-Black Earth zone of the European part of the USSR" (Volkov S.M. et al., 1955).

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