Area of distribution and damage of Protapion trifolii L.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist . G.E.David'yan,
GIS-specialist - M.I.Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of the map:

It is created on materials of the map with scale 1:40 000 000 on the basis of information taken from literature and by the analysis of the collections of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences.


.Alber.s Equal Conica for the USSR., 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map, which consists of 2 thematic layers. Area of distribution and zone of damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

Within area of distribution, the zone of low damage only is established according to the extent of damaging clover. Threshold of harmfulness of the P. trifolii on the Trifolium pratense is 15-25 adults per 1 sq. m (Mormyleva & Tralenko, 1991).

Method of map production:

Data from the open publications are used for allocation of area and zone of pest damage. Map of the area is based also on the analysis of the collection of the Zoological Institute RAS. The localities of the species are marked in coordinate system on blank geographical map by standard means of GIS-technologies. In the former USSR, the area of the Protapion trifolii includes Baltic States (Silfverberg, 1992), most of the European part of Russia northward to Leningrad, Kirov Regions and Karelia (Vasil'ev, 1936; Rakhmanova, 1969; Shernin, 1974; Korotyaev, 1983; Isaev, 1994; Prasolov, 2005), Belarus (Ioannisiani, 1972), Ukraine (Solodovnikova, 1970), Moldova (Poiras, 1998), the Caucasus (Arzanov, 1989; Ismailova, 1993), presumably the South of West Siberia eastward to Baikal and the West of Kazakhstan (Baitenov, 1974). The zone of low damage comprises territory of the clover-growing, northward of the forest-steppe zone (Vasil'ev, 1936, 1940; Shchegolev, 1955; Polyakov et. al., 1983).

Reference citations:

Arzanov Yu.G. 1989. Ecological and faunistic review of the weevils (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) from the steppe and desert zones of Rostov region and Kalmykia. PhD Thesis. Leningrad: ZIN RAS, 24 p. (in Russian).
Baitenov M.S. 1974. The weevils (Coleoptera: Attelabidae, Curculionidae) of the Middle Asia and Kazakhstan. Alma-Ata: Nauka, 286 p. (in Russian).
Ioannisiani T.G. 1972. The weevils (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) of Byelorussia. Minsk: Nauka i Tekhnika, 352 p. (in Russian).
Isaev A.Yu. 1994. Ecological and faunistic review of the weevils (Coleoptera: Apionidae, Rhynchophoridae, Curculionidae) of the Ulyanovsk region. Ulyanovsk: Branch of the Moscow University, 77 p. (in Russian).
Ismailova M.Sh. 1993. Ecological and faunistic review of the weevil (Coleoptera: Apionidae, Rhynchophoridae, Curculionidae) from the low-lying and submountain territories of Daghestan. PhD Thesis. St. Petersburg, 23 p. (in Russian).
Korotyaev B.A. 1983. Family Curculionidae. In: Kopaneva L.M., ed. Keys to harmful and useful insects and mites on the annual and perennial grasses and leguminous plants in the USSR. Leningrad: Kolos, p. 115-127 (in Russian).
Mormyleva V.F. & Tralenko G.Ya. 1991. Threshold of harmfulness of the clover seed weevils on the Trifolium pratense, T. hybridum and T. repens. In: Samersov V.F. Plant protection (16). Minsk: Belarus. NIIZR. P. 3-9 (in Russian).
Poiras A.A. 1998. Catalogue of the weevils (Coleoptera, Curculionoidea) and their host plants in the Republic of Moldova. Pensoft Series Faunistica N 10. Sofia-Moscow: Pensoft Publishers. 156 p.
Polyakov I.Ya., Kopaneva L.M., Kandybina M.N. 1983. Number of pests and entomophages of annual and perennial grasses and leguminous cultures in different agricultural zones of the USSR. In: Kopaneva L.M., ed. Key to harmful and useful insects and mites of annual and perennial grasses and leguminous cultures in the USSR. Leningrad: Kolos: 6-39 (in Russian).
Prasolov V.N. 2005. Weevils (Curculionoidea part.) of the Leningrad Region. (in Russian).
Rakhmanova A.V. 1969. About clover seed weevils (Coleoptera, Apionidae), connected with wild leguminous plants in Leningrad Region. Entomol. obozr. 48 (4): 802-810 (in Russian).
Shchegolev V.N., ed. 1955. Agricultural Entomology. Leningrad & Moscow: Sel.khozgiz. 616 p. (in Russian).
Shernin A.I. 1974. Order Coleoptera. In: Shernin A.I. ed. Fauna of the Kirov Region (2). Kirov: Kirov Ped. Inst. P. 111-227 (in Russian).
Silfverberg H. 1992. Enumeratio Coleopterorum Fennoscandiae, Daniae et Baltiae. Helsinki-Helsingfors: Helsingin Hyonteisvaihtoyhdistys, 94 p.
Solodovnikova V.S. 1970. Zoogeographical peculiarities of the fauna of the Genus Apion Hrbst. (Coleoptera, Apionidae) from the East Ukraine. Entomol. obozr. 49 (4): 810-818 (in Russian).
Vasil'ev K.A. 1936. Apions as a pest of clover seeds and their control. Moscow: All-Union Academy of agricultural sciences. 96 p. (in Russian).
Vasil'ev K.A. 1940. About control measures against Apion apricans Herbst and Apion aestivum Germ. In: Khamidullin G.Z., ed. Results of the research efforts (1). Ufa: Bashgosizdat. P. 78-106 (in Russian).

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