Area of distribution and damage of Scolytus rugulosus (Muell.)

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist . G.E.David'yan,
GIS-specialist - M.I.Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of the map:

It is created on materials of the map with scale 1:33 000 000 on the basis of information taken from literature.


.Alber.s Equal Conica for the USSR., 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map, which consists of 2 thematic layers. Area of distribution and zone of damage are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

Within the area of distribution, the zone of low damage is established according to the extent of damage to fruiters. In the zone of low damage, harmfulness of S. rugulosus is not more than 2 points under the 5-points scale of harmfulness (Polyakov et al., 1984); the damage is sporadic and insignificant.

Method of map production:

Data from the open publications are used for allocation of area and zone of pest damage. In the former USSR, the species is distributed in the European part (Vasil'ev & Lifshits, 1958; Krivolutskaya, 1965; Rudnev & Vasechko, 1974) including the Baltic States (Silfverberg, 1992), Leningrad Region (Mandelshtam, 2001), and Karelia (Voolma et al., 2004), northward to around Arkhangelsk (Mandelshtam & Popovichev, 2000), in the whole Caucasus (Samedov, 1963; Rudnev & Vasechko, 1974; Petrov, 2005), Volga region (Burdaev, 2003), in the South of Siberia eastward to Transbaikalia and Mongolia (Kiselyeva, 1946; Shvetsova, 1950; Stark, 1952; Prokof.ev, 1987; Krivolutskaya, 1996), in Middle Asia (Plotnikov, 1926; Gussakovskii, 1949; Eremenko, 1961; Rudnev & Vasechko, 1974) and all Kazakhstan (Kostin, 1960; 1973). The zone of low damage comprises the territory of fruit growing in arid steppes of Ukraine, in the Caucasus, in southern Regions of Kazakhstan and in adjacent territories of Middle Asia (Chugunin, 1935; Eremenko, 1961; Kryzhanovskii, 1974; Rudnev & Vasechko, 1974; Polyakov et al., 1984).

Reference citations:

Burdaev A.B. 2003. Bark beetles (Scolytidae) of Samara Region. St-Petersburg:
Chugunin Ya.V. 1935. Control of orchard pests. Moscow & Leningrad: OGIZ, 160 p. (in Russian).
Eremenko T.S. 1961. Scolytids as orchard pests in Tashkent Region. PhD Thesis. Leningrad: VIZR, 16 p. (in Russian).
Gussakovskii V.V. 1949. Order Coleoptera. In: Pavlovskii E.N. & Shtakelberg A.A., eds. Pest Animals of Middle Asia (handbook). Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR. P. 220-222 (in Russian).
Kiseleva E.F. 1946. Bark beetles of the Tomsk Region. In: Khakhlov V.A., ed. Proceeding of Tomsk University. Vol. 97. Tomsk: Tomsk University. P. 123-136. (in Russian).
Kostin I.A. 1960. Data on the fauna of bark beetles of Kazakhstan (Coleoptera, Ipidae). In: Galuzo I.G., ed. Proceeding of Zoological Institute of Kazakhstan. Vol. 11. Alma-Ata: Nauka, P. 129-136. (in Russian).
Kostin I.A. 1973. Dendrophagous beetles of Kazakhstan (Ipidae, Cerambycidae, Buprestidae). Alma-Ata: Nauka, 288 p. (in Russian).
Krivolutskaya G.O. 1965. Family Ipidae. In: Bei-Bienko G.Ya., ed. Keys to the insects of the European part of the USSR. V. 2. Moscow & Leningrad: Nauka, p. 622-639. (in Russian).
Krivolutskaya G.O. 1996. Family Scolytidae (Ipidae). In: Ler P.A., ed. Keys to insects of the Far East of the USSR. V. 3. Coleoptera, or beetles. Part 3. Vladivostok: Dal'nauka. p. 312-317 (in Russian).
Kryzhanovskii O.L. 1974. Family Scolytidae. In: Kryzhanovskii O.L., ed. Insects and mites . pests of agricultural plants. V. 2. Coleoptera. Leningrad: Nauka, p. 293-301 (in Russian).
Mandelshtam M.Yu. 2001. Scolytidae of Lenigrad Region. St.Petersburg:
Mandelshtam M.Yu. & Popovichev B.G. 2000. Annotated list of bark beetles (Coleoptera, Scolytidae) of Leningrad Region. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie 79(3): 599-618. (in Russian).
Petrov A.B. 2005. Fauna of bark-beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) of Daghestan. Russian Entomol. Journal 14(3): 217-222. (in Russian).
Plotnikov V.I. 1926. Insects damaging agricultural plants in Middle Asia. Tashkent: Tashoblit. 292 p. (in Russian).
Polyakov I.Ya., Kopaneva L.M. & Dorokhova G.I. 1984. Number and distribution of pests and entomophages of fruit and berry cultures in different agricultural zones of the USSR. In: Kopaneva L.M., ed. Key to harmful and useful insects and mites of fruit and berry cultures in the USSR. Leningrad: Kolos. P. 6-45. (in Russian).
Prokof.ev, M.A. 1987. Siberian orchard protection against pests. Moscow: Rossel.khozizdat, 239 p. (in Russian).
Rudnev D.F. & Vasechko G.I. 1974. Family Ipidae. In: Vasil.ev V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V. 2. Arthropods. Kiev: Urozhai. p. 177-217 (in Russian).
Samedov N.G. 1963. Fauna and biology of beetles injuring agricultural plants in Azerbaijan. Baku: AN Azerb. SSR. 384 p. (in Russian).
Shvetsova A.N. 1950. The main pests of fruit tree and berry plants in the Omsk Region and control measures. Omsk: Obl.izdat, 70 p. (in Russian).
Silfverberg H. 1992. Enumeratio Coleopterorum Fennoscandiae, Daniae et Baltiae. Helsinki-Helsingfors: Helsingin Hyonteisvaihtoyhdistys. 94 p.
Stark V.N. 1952. Bark-beetles. Coleoptera. In: Shtakel'berg A.A., ed. Fauna of the USSR. V. 31. Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR. 462 p. (in Russian).
Vasil.ev V.P. & Livshits I.Z., 1958. Pests of fruit crops. Moscow: Gosizd. Sel.khoz. lit. 392 p. (in Russian).
Voolma K., Mandelshtam M.Yu., Shcherbakov A.N., Yakovlev E.B., Ounap H., Syda I., Popovichev B.G., Sharapa T.V., Galasjeva T.V., Khairetdinov R.R., Lipatkin V.A. & Mozolevskaya E.G. 2004. Distribution and spread of bark beetles (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) around the Gulf of Finland: a comparative study with notes on rare species of Estonia, Finland and North-Western Russia. Entomol. Fennica 15: 198-210.

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