Pests

Area of distribution and damage of Scrobipalpa ocellatella (Boyd)

Object description Download GIS-layers

Authors:

Object specialists E.I.Ovsyannikova & I.Ya.Grichanov,
GIS-specialist M.I.Saulich.

Date of creation:

20.07.2007.

Scale:

1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

It is created on information taken from the open published literature and maps of scale 1:33 000 000.

Projection:

"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map consisting of 3 layers. Zones of damage are shown by polygons. Single record is shown by dot.

Accuracy of the classifier:

Two zones of damage are allocated within the limits of general area. In the zone of moderate damage, the pest population density exceeds economic threshold (4-5 caterpillars per 1 plant at population of 70% of plants) 1-3 times per 10 years (EPPO Standards.., 1997; Valich, 2005). However, the Beet Moth's harming activity depends greatly on weather conditions, farming methods (including irrigation), plant state and growth stage, and pest phenology on parent plants and industrial plantations (Shmeleva, 1957; Minoranskii, 1976; Dolzhenko et al., 2004). In the zone of low damage, the pest has low economic significance for table beet and fodder beet.

Method of map production:

The map is compiled by results of the analysis of the open published materials, being corrected after the Collection of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Science, St.Petersburg, Russia. The S. ocellatella area is outlined according to reference and original data on the species distribution (Zhitkevich, 1963, 1966; Antadze, 1973; L.vovskii, 1994; Vasil.ev, 1974; Petrukha et al. 1982; Tribel. & Deryugin, 1993; Shmeleva, 1954; Minoranskii, 1963, 1987, 1989; Polyakov et al., 1981; Bystrova & Sabluk, 1990; Dolzhenko et al., 2004; etc.). The Beet Moth is an invasive species for the territory of the USSR. It was first recorded in Crimea in 1937-1938 and in Krasnodar Territory in 1945, then spreading quickly in all southern zone of beet-growing. The species does not populate wild plants of the family Chenopodiaceae growing in this territory; therefore, its area and zone of damage coincide. The species was found so far in steppe and forest-steppe floristic zones of the European part and in the zone of beet-growing in the North Caucasus and Georgia (except for a single record from Turkmenistan). Borders of the zone of its moderate damage coincides with sugar beet cultivation area, and borders of the zone of the pest low damage coincides with fodder beet cultivation area within abovementioned natural zones. Steppe and forest-steppe floristic zones are defined after Vorob.eva (1986), fodder beet cultivation area after Rukhovich (2003), and sugar beet cultivation area afterTerekhina (2004).

Reference citations:

Antadze O.K. 1973. Results of testing some control measures against Beet Moth. In: Anonym., ed. Proceedings of GruzNIIZR. Tbilisi: GruzNIIZR, p. 110 (in Russian).
Bystrova V.L. & Sabluk V.T. 1988. Pests of sugar beet. In: Polyakov I.Ya., ed. Forecast of distribution of main pests, diseases and weeds of agricultural crops in 1988. Moscow: VIZR, p. 86-97 (in Russian).
Collection of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Science, St.Petersburg, Russia.
Dolzhenko V.I., ed. 2004. Methodical instructions on registration tests of insecticides, acaricides, molluscicides, and rodenticides in agriculture. St.Petersburg: VIZR, 363 p. (in Russian).
EPPO Standards. Guidelines on good plant protection practice. Beet. PP 2/12 (1). English (First approved in September 1997). http://archives.eppo.org/EPPOStandards/PP2_GPP/pp2-12-e.doc.
L.vovskii A.L. & Piskunov V.I. 1999. Fam. Gelechiidae - wing-emarginated moths. In: Kuznetsov V.I., ed. Insects and mites . pests of agricultural crops. Lepidoptera. St. Petersburg: Nauka. V. 3, part 2, p. 46-93 (in Russian).
Minoranskii V.A. 1963. Beet Mining Moth. Zashchita rastenii ot vreditelei i boleznei 3: 30-31 (in Russian).
Minoranskii V.A. 1976. Insect pests of beet crops in steppe zone. Rostov: Rostov university, 112 p. (in Russian).
Minoranskii V.A. 1987. Formation of noxious entomofauna on beet plantations. Zashchita rastenii 11: 32-34 (in Russian).
Minoranskii V.A. 1989. Protection of irrigated field cultures from pests. Moscow: VO Agrokhimizdat, 205 p. (in Russian).
Petrukha O.I., Pozhar Z.A., Shevchenko V.N., Bichuk Yu.P., Pshenichuk R.F., Tishchenko E.I., Tribel. S.A., Broyakovskaya O.N. & Kornienko A.S. 1982. Sugar-beet protection. Zashchita rastenii 6: 23-26 (in Russian).
Polyakov I.Ya., Chumakov A.E., eds. 1963. Distribution of agricultural pests and diseases in Russian Federation in 1962 and forecast of their appearance in 1963.Moscow: MSKH RSFSR, VIZR, 200 p. (in Russian).
Polyakov I.Ya., ed. 1958. Forecast of appearance and counting of pests and diseases of agricultural crops. Moscow: MSKh SSSR, 626 p. (in Russian).
Polyakov I.Ya., Kopaneva L.M., Dorokhova G.I. 1982. Number of pests and entomophages of vegetable cultures and potato in different agricultural zones of the USSR. In: Kopaneva L.M., ed. Key to harmful and useful insects and mites of vegetable cultures and potato in the USSR. Leningrad: Kolos: 5-36 (in Russian).
Rukhovich D.I. 2003. Sugar beet cultivation area. http://www.agroatlas.ru.
Shmeleva V.A. 1954. Beet Mining Moth and its control. Kiev: AN Ukr. SSR, 38 p. (in Russian).
Slavgorodskaya-Kurpieva L.E., Slavgorodskii V.E. & Popov V.G. 2001. Protection of agricultural crops against pests and diseases. (The handbook for farmers, gardeners, truck farmers). Simferopol. Biznes-Inform, 344 p. (in Russian).
Terekhina N.V. 2004. The area of Fodder beet (Beta vulgaris L. ssp vulgaris var. alba). http://www.agroatlas.ru.
Tribel. S.A. & Deryugin E.A. 1993. Biocenotic mechanisms of control of harmfulness. Sakharnaya svekla 3: 19-20 (in Russian).
Valich N., Vuchajnk F., Ferenchak B., Mlinarich M. & Trdan S. 2005. Monitoring of sugarbeet moth (Scrobipalpa ocellatella Boyd, Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae) in Slovenia using pheromone traps. In: Stanislav Vajs & Mario Lesnik, eds. 7th Slovenian conference on plant protection, Lectures and papers. Ljubljana: Plant Protection Society of Slovenia, p. 141.
Vasil.ev V.P. 1974. Family Gelechiidae. In: Vasil.ev V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V.2. Arthropods. Kiev: Urozhai, p. 257-261 (in Russian).
Vorobeva, G.I. (ed.). 1986. The forest encyclopedia. V.2. Moscow: Soviet encyclopedia, 631 p. (in Russian).
Zhitkevich E.N. 1963. Beet Mining Moth. Zashchita rastenii ot vreditelei i boleznei 3: 29-30 (in Russian).
Zhitkevich E.N. 1966. Beet Mining Moth. In: Polyakov I.Ya. & Chumakov A.E., eds. Proceedings of VIZR, iss. 28. Leningrad: Kolos, p. 175-176 (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2007 © E.I.Ovsyannikova, I.Ya.Grichanov (VIZR; description, raster map); M.I.Saulich (VIZR, vector map)
Photo © V.Neymorovets (VIZR)
 

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