The area and pest damage zones of Sitobion (Macrosiphum) avenae Fabricius

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist M.N. Berim, GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on material of map of natural scale 1:33 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons. Zones of recorded mass outbreak are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The insect area is divided into two zones of pest damage. The zones of high harm are the regions that are characterized by periodical mass reproductions of the pest according to balls 5-9. The zones of low harm are characterized according to balls 1-3.

Method of map production:

Scientists were given maps with boundaries of Oblasts and arable lands. After reviewing historic literature and VIZR expedition results, species distribution was hand drawn on maps. If data were on the Oblast-level, distribution is on the Oblast level. In some cases, Oblast.s are further refined by boundaries of the Arable Land Map (Korolojeva et al., 2003). Hand drawn maps were scanned, georeferenced and vectorized. The following sources were used to determine zones of harmfulness: Radchenko (1991), Berim & Radchenko (2002). The northern border of the area was determined according to Shaposhnikov (1964) and Ivanovskaya (1977). The authors have considered the spreading of the vegetal hosts, the temperature preferences of the insect, and the distribution of wheat, barley, rye, maize and oats within the territory of the Former Soviet Union.

Reference citations:

Berim M.N., Radchenko E.E. 2002. Methods of estimation and identification of cereal aphids. Methodical recommendations. Moscow. 3-21 p. (In Russian)
Bozhko M.P. 1950. On the fauna of aphids of Kharkov and Sumy Regions. In: Bulankin I.N., ed. Proceedings of Biological Research Institute of Khar.kov and Sumy Regions. Khar.kov. V. 14-15: 184-187. (In Russian)
Ivanovskaya O.I. 1977. Aphids of West Siberia. Part II. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 34-35 pp. (In Russian)
Ivanovskaya O.I., Kupyanskaya A.N. 1979. The aphids (Homoptera, Aphididae) damaging trees and bushes in Primorskii Territory. In: Ivliev L.A., ed. Ecology and biology of arthropods in the southern Far East. Vladivostok: Izd. AN SSSR. 44 p. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Nevskii V.P. 1929. The aphids of Middle Asia. The Proceedings of Uzbekistan Experimental plant protection station. Tashkent. N. 16: 76. (In Russian)
Polyakov I.Ya., ed. 1975. Distribution of the main pests of agricultural crops in the USSR and efficiency of their control. Methodical recommendations. Leningrad: VASKHNIL, VIZR. 66 p. (In Russian)
Radchenko E.E. 1991. The study of resistance of grain cultures to aphids. Methodical recommendations. Saint Petersburg: VIZR. 4-5 pp. (In Russian)
Shaposhnikov G.H. 1964. Suborder Aphidinea - aphids. In: Bei-Bienko G.Ja., ed. Keys to the insects on the European part of the USSR. Moscow & Leningrad: Nauka. V. 1: 489-616. (In Russian)
Shurovenkov B.G. 1975. The grain aphid and biological basis of control treatments to this pest. In: Dubova S.A., ed. Proceedings of Voronezh Agricultural Institute. Voronezh. V. 76: 21-33. (In Russian)
Tsintsadze N.R., Nadiradze N.V. 1981. The results of grain aphid biology study in Georgia. In: The proceedings of Georgian agricultural institute. Tbilisi. V. 118: 117-122. (In Russian)
Vasil.ev V.P., ed. 1973. The pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. Kiev: Urozhai. V. 1: 274-275. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved.
Copyright 2004 © M.N. Berim & M.I. Saulich (vector map, description), M.N. Berim (picture).

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