Area of distribution and damage of Synanthedon myopaeformis Bkh.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists I.Ya. Grichanov & E.I. Ovsyannikova,
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on information taken from open-published literature and maps of scale 1: 17 000 000 and 1:33 000 000


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons. Zones of recorded mass outbreak are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

Only a zone of low damage was allocated within the limits of the general area in the territory of the former USSR. Here the pest populates old trees causing various kinds of damage to bark of trunks and skeletal branches. Insecticide treatments of fruit trees in summer against a complex of lepidopteran pests also reduce pest numbers (Zhemchuzhina & Stenina, 2001).

Method of map production:

Scientists were given maps with boundaries of Oblasts and arable lands. After reviewing historic literature, species distribution was hand drawn on maps. If data were on the Oblast-level, distribution is on the Oblast level. In some cases, Oblast.s are further refined by boundaries of the Arable Land Map (Koroljeva et al., 2003). Hand drawn maps were scanned, georeferenced and vectorized. The Apple Clearwing area was outlined according to the following reference data on the species distribution: Talitskii (1952, 1953), Gromovaya (1964), Batiashvili (1965), Baryakin (1967, 1971), Zagaikevich (1974), Rafal.skii (1975), Savkovskii (1976), Vasil.ev & Livshits (1984), Polyakov et al. (1984), Sukhareva (1994). The northern border of the species area was drawn along the northern border of forest-steppes according to Chikov (1983) and Vasil.ev & Livshits (1984). The species also inhabits Transcaucasia according to the following sources: Kobakhidze (1957), Batiashvili (1965), Baryakin (1967, 1971). The species is not found East of the Volga River. The Apple Clearwing record from the Far East (Shtundyuk & Ablakanova, 1969) probably belongs to another species. High mountains of the Caucasus and desert lands of the Caspian Depression were excluded from the area. The zone of low damage of the pest includes all the zones of fruit growing (Tochenov, 1984) within the species area according to the following sources: Talitskii (1952, 1953), Krylova (1961), Skiba (1973), Rafal.skii (1975), Gromova (1964), Kobakhidze (1957), Batiashvili (1965), Baryakin (1967, 1971).

Reference citations:

Baryakin A.A. 1967. Some features of biology of Aegeria myopaeformis Borkh. (Lepidoptera, Aegeriidae) in Azerbaijan. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie 46(3): 606-614. (In Russian)
Baryakin A.A. 1971. Harmfulness of the Apple Clearwing. In: Chumakov A.E., Tanskii V.I., eds. Abstracts of 6th sci. conf. young researchers (December, 1971). Leningrad: VIZR. 13-14 p. (In Russian)
Batiashvili I.D. 1965. Pests of continental and subtropical fruit crops. Tbilisi: Ganatleba. 336 p. (In Russian)
Gromovaya E.F., Smirnova I.M. 1964. Control of the Apple Clearwing. Zashchita rastenii ot vreditelei i boleznei 4: 30-31. (In Russian)
Kobakhidze D.N. 1957. Harmful entomofauna in agricultural crops of Georgia. Tbilisi: AN Gruz. SSR. 274 p. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Krylova A. 1961. The Apple Clearwing and its control. Vinogradorstvo i sadovodstvo Kryma 6: 29-30. (In Russian)
Polyakov I.Ya., Kopaneva L.M., Dorokhova G.I. 1984. Number and distribution of pests and entomophages of fruit and berry cultures in different agricultural zones of the USSR. In: Kopaneva L.M., ed. Key to harmful and useful insects and mites of fruit and berry cultures in the USSR. Leningrad: Kolos. 6-45 p. (In Russian)
Rafal.skii A.K. 1975. Apple pests in subzone of southern steppe in Ukraine and grounds for their control. In: Stanko A.I., ed. Plant protection (interuniversity collection of works). V. 145. Kishinev: Kishinev SKHI. 77-83 p. (In Russian)
Savkovskii P.P. 1976. Atlas of the pests of fruit and berry plants. Kiev: Urozhai. 207 p. (In Russian)
Shtundyuk A.V., Ablakanova A.A. 1969. Pests and diseases of fruit-berry cultures and vines in the Far East and their control. Khabarovsk: Khabarovsk Publishing House. 140 p. (In Russian)
Skiba N.S. 1973. Biology of the Apple Clearwing and its control in steppe zone of Ukraine. In: Buzan. I.I., Kolotilo E.P., eds. Southern steppe gardening. Dnepropetrovsk: Promin.. 272-286 p. (In Russian)
Smol.yannikov V.V. 1979. Pests of wood, cambium and bark. Zashchita rastenii 2: 52-53. (In Russian)
Sukhareva I.L. 1994. Sesiidae (Aegeriidae). In: Kuznetsov V.I., ed. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural plants. V. 3(1). Lepidoptera. St. Petersburg: Nauka. 44-47 p. (In Russian)
Talitskii V.I. 1952. Control measures of the Apple Clearwing. Vinodelie i vinogradorstvo Moldavii 3 (May - June): 43-44. (In Russian)
Talitskii V.I. 1953. Apple Clearwing and its control. Kishinev: Gl. Upr. S. kh. propagandy MinSKH i zagotovok MSSR. 28 p. (In Russian)
Tochenov V.V., ed. 1984. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK. 260 p. (In Russian)
Vasil.ev V.P., Livshits I.Z. 1984. Pests of fruit crops. Moscow: Kolos. 399 p. (In Russian)
Zagaikevich I.K. 1974. Aegeriidae. In: Vasil.ev V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V. 2. Arthropods. Kiev: Urozhai. 250-256 p. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2005 © I.Ya. Grichanov, E.I. Ovsyannikova (VIZR; description, raster map), M.I. Saulich (VIZR; vector map,)
Photo © V.V.Neymorovets (VIZR)

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