Area of distribution and damage of Yponomeuta malinellus Zell.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialists E.I. Ovsyannikova & I.Ya. Grichanov,
GIS-specialist M.I. Saulich.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on information taken from open-published literature and maps of scale 1: 33 000 000 and 1: 35 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons. Zone of pest damage is shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The area is shown within the area of industrial cultivation of fruits in the territory of the former USSR. Within the limits of the general area only a zone of low damage was allocated. Here the pest has an economic significance with the following economic thresholds: 0.5-1 shield per running meter of tree branches before apple bud blossoming or 10-25% damaged leaves before flowering or 3-5 nests per tree after flowering (Dolzhenko, 2004).

Method of map production:

Scientists were given maps with boundaries of Oblasts and arable lands. After reviewing historic literature, species distribution was hand drawn on maps. If data were on the Oblast-level, distribution is on the Oblast level. In some cases, Oblast.s are further refined by boundaries of the Arable Land Map (Koroljeva et al., 2003). Hand drawn maps were scanned, georeferenced and vectorized. The map was compiled according to the results of the analysis of open published materials and maps. Maps compiled by Petrov (1958, Figs. 1-5) were used as prototypes. The area of Y. malinellus was supported in the European part of the former USSR by the following data: Slavgorodskaya-Kurpieva (1969), Charushina & Shernin (1974), Savkovskii (1976), Gershenzon (1974a, 1974b, 1981, 1986), Vasil.ev & Livshits (1984), Rilishkene & Zayanchkauskas (1984), Sinev (1994), Gershenson & Ulenberg (1998); in the Caucasus and Transcaucasia according to Kurbanova (1967), Batiashvili (1965), Aleksidze & Abashidze (1983); in Kazakhstan according to Matesova et al. (1962); in Middle Asia according to Krasil.nikova (1972), Gershenzon (1981), Miralibekov (1986), Dubatolov (2000). A record of the introduction of the species to Transbaikalia (Kolmakova, 1962) may belong to both Y. malinellus and Yponomeuta orientalis Zag. based on the following sources: Efremov (1969), Zagulyaev (1969). The reference data about the species occurrence in southern Siberia (Prokof.ev (1987), Sinev (1994)) is probably based on the record by Kolmakova (1962). We have not found subsequent original indications of Y. malinellus from the Siberian region. High mountains were excluded from the area. The zone of low damage was outlined according to Petrov (1958), Gershenzon (1974b), Aleksidze & Abashidze (1983), Rilishkene & Zayanchkauskas (1984), Vasil.ev & Livshits (1984) and all others listed below. It was corrected along the areas of industrial cultivation of fruit crops (Tochenov, 1984).

Reference citations:

Aleksidze G.N., Abashidze E.D. 1983. Forecast of harmfulness of Yponomeuta malinellus. Zashchita rastenii, 6: 27-28. (In Russian)
Batiashvili I.D. 1965. Pests of continental and subtropical fruit crops. Tbilisi: Ganatleba. 336 p. (In Russian)
Benkevich V.I. 1961. On forecast of mass appearance of Hyponomeuta malinellus Zell. in Moscow Region. Zoologicheskii zhurnal, 15(8): 1164-1171. (In Russian)
Charushina A.N., Shernin A.I. 1974. Order Lepidoptera. In: Shernin A.I., ed. Fauna of the Kirov Region. V. 2. Kirov: Kirov GPI. 351-477 p. (In Russian)
Dolzhenko V.I., ed. 2004. Methodical instructions on registration tests of insecticides, acaricides, molluscicides, and rodenticides in agriculture. St. Petersburg: VIZR. 363 p. (In Russian)
Dubatolov V.V. 2000. Yponomeutidae - Collection of Siberian Zoological Museum. Siberian Zoological Museum of the Institute of Animal Systematics and Ecology, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences. Novosibirsk: .
Efremov V.F. 1969. Biology of some oriental species of the genus Yponomeuta (Lepidoptera, Yponomeutidae). Entomologicheskoe obozrenie, 68(1): 61-70. (In Russian)
Gershenzon Z.S. 1974a. Family Yponomeutidae. In: Vasil.ev V.P., ed. Pests of agricultural crops and forest plantations. V. 2. Arthropods. Kiev: Urozhai. 245-250 p. (In Russian)
Gershenzon Z.S. 1974b. Yponomeutidae, Argyresthiidae. In: Puchkov V.G., ed. Fauna of Ukraine. V. 15(6). Kiev: Naukova Dumka. 132 p. (In Ukrainian)
Gershenzon Z.S. 1981. Map 99. Yponomeuta malinellus Zeller (Lepidoptera, Yponomeutidae). In: Gorodkov K.B., ed. Provisional atlas of the insects of the European part of USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 30 p. (In Russian)
Gershenzon Z.S. 1986. List of Yponomeutidae (Lepidoptera) of the USSR fauna. In: Gilyarov M.S., ed. Proceedings VEO. Lepidoptera of the USSR. V. 67. Leningrad: AN SSSR. 10-19 p. (In Russian)
Gershenson Z.S., Ulenberg S.A. 1988. The Yponomeutinae (Lepidoptera) of the World exclusive of the Americas. Amsterdam: KNAW. 202 p.
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Krasil.nikova G.A. 1967. Lepidoptaran orchard pests in SW Turkmenistan. PhD Thesis. Ashkhabad: ZIN AN SSSR & IZ AN TurkmSSR. 21 p. (In Russian)
Kurbanova D.D. 1967. Biology of Yponomeuta malinellus in Azerbaijan and its difference from Y. padellus. Zoologicheskii zhurnal, 46(4): 551-554. (In Russian)
Marikovskii P.I. 1968. Yponomeuta malinellus in Kazakhstan and its control. Khabarlary izvestiya AN KazSSR. Ser. biol. N. 6 (November-December). Alma-Ata: Nauka. 43-46 p. (In Russian)
Matesova G.Ya., Mityaev I.D. Yukhnevich L.A. 1962. Review of insects damaging fruit and berry cultures and grape-vine in Southwest Kazakhstan. In: Marikovskii P.I., ed. Materials on study of insects of Kazakhstan. Alma-Ata: AN Kaz.SSR. 3-46 p. (In Russian)
Miralibekov N. 1986. Ecological and faunistic review of insects - pests of fruit crops in the Western Pamirs. In: Chikatunov V.I., ed. Fauna, ecology and zoogeography of Pamirs. Dushanbe: Donish. 50-55 p. (In Russian)
Petrov A.I. 1958. Area of Hyponomeuta malinellus Z. and Hyponomeuta padellus L. and zones of their harmfulness in the USSR. Proc. Inst. Zool. V. 8. Entomology. Alma-Ata: AN KazSSR. 39-74 p. (In Russian)
Prokof.ev M.A. 1987. Siberian orchards protection against pests. Moscow: Rossel.khozizdat. 239 p. (In Russian)
Prutenskii D.I. 1955. Yponomeuta malinellus and factors limiting its reproduction in forests of Arslanbob. Proc. Inst. Zool. Parasitol. N. 3. Frunze: AN KirgSSR. 165-171 p. (In Russian)
Rilishkene M.A., Zayanchkauskas P.A. 1984. Numbers and harmfulness of Yponomeuta malinellus in orchards of Lithuanian SSR in 1967-1982. In: Zayanchkauskas P.A., ed. Lepidoptera of Lithuanian SSR, their biology and ecology Acta. Entomogica Lituanica. V. 7. Vil.nyus: Mokslas. 24-34 p.
Savkovskii P.P. 1976. Atlas of the pests of fruit and berry plants. Kiev: Urozhai. 207 p. (In Russian)
Sinev S.Yu. 1994. Family Yponomeutidae (Hyponomeutidae). In: Kuznetsov V.I., ed. Insects and mites - pests of agricultural plants. V. 3(1). Lepidoptera. St. Petersburg: Nauka. 247-254 p. (In Russian)
Slavgorodskaya-Kurpieva L.E. 1969. Hyponomeuta spp. and their control. PhD Thesis. Simferopol.: Krymskii SKHI, VIZR. 19 p. (In Russian)
Tochenov V.V., ed. 1984. Atlas of the USSR. Moscow: GUGK. 260 p. (In Russian)
Vasil.ev V.P., Livshits I.Z. 1984. Pests of fruit crops. Moscow: Kolos. 399 p. (In Russian)
Zagulyaev A.K. 1969. New species of the genus Yponomeuta Latr. (Lepidoptera, Yponomeutidae). Entomologicheskoe obozrenie, 68(1): 192-198. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2005 © E.I. Ovsyannikova, I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR; description, raster map); M.I. Saulich (VIZR, vector map,); I.Ya. Grichanov (VIZR, photo).

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