Allium dauricum Friesen - Daurian onion.

Taxonomic position.

Family Alliaceae J.Agardh, genus Allium L.


Allium angulosum auct.non L.

Morphology and biology.

Perennial. Geophyte. Bulbous. Bulbs small, narrow, with scarious tunics, arranged 1-2 on thick horizontal rhizome. Stem up to 40 cm tall, rounded at cross section, angulous, smooth. Leaves 2-3, narrow, flat, linear. Umbel nearly bunch-like, semiglobose. Pedicels rising obliquely upwards, quite often violet, 2-4 times as long as tepals. Tepals pink-violet, inner ones oblong, outer ones carinate. Filaments slightly longer than tepals, subulate, entire, inner ones slightly wider than outer ones. Style protuding from the perianth. Autochore. Flowers in June, fruits in August. 2n=32.


East Siberi(southeastern Buryatia, southern Chita Region), Far East (western Amur Region), East Mongolia and Manchuria.


Xeromesophyte. Light-loving. In forb meadows, steppified and flood-plain meadows, among shrubberies.

Use and economic value.

Wild relative of cultivated onions.


Friesen NV. 1988. Onion plants of Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka. P.111. (In Russian).
Malyshev LI., Peshkova GA., ed. 1987. Flora of Siberia. V.4. Araceae - Orchidaceae. P.68. (In Russian).
Vvedensky AI. 1935. Onion . Allium L. In: Komarov VL., ed. Flora URSS. V.4. Moscow; Leningrad: AN SSSR. P. 164. (In Russian).

© I.G.Chukhina


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