Allium nutans L. - Nodding onion, Siberian garlic chive, mangyr.
Taxonomic position.Family Alliaceae J.Agardh, genus Allium L.
Morphology and biology.Perennial bulbous geophyte. Bulbs, 1-2 in number, are cylindrical-conical, 1.5-2.0 cm in diameter, with blackish filmy coats. Stalk is 30-70 cm high, straight and thick, with two winged ribs in the top section. Leaves are broad linear, flat, 7-15 mm wide. Umbel is spherical, polyanthous, dense. Tepals are 5-6 mm long, glossy, pink. Stamens are 1.5-2.0 times longer than the tepals. Autochore. 2n=32.
Distribution.West (Altai) and Middle Siberia, Southern Urals, Kazakhstan (Kazakh hill country, western spurs of Altai).
Ecology.Mesophyte and petrophyte. Steppe, meadow-like and stony slopes, steppe-prone pineries.
Utilization and economic value.Used as a table (vegetable) plant and a source of vitamins. This species contains cultivated forms (cultivars). Contains much ascorbic acid. Resistant to false mildew of onion.
References:A.A. Kazakova. Onion. // Cultivated Flora of the USSR.- Leningrad: Kolos. vol. 10.
Flora of Siberia. Araceae - Orchidaceae. / Ed. L.I. Malyshev, G.A. Peshkova. - Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1987. - vol. 4 - 246 p.
N.V. Frizen. Bulbous plants of Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 1988. - 184 p.