Allium schoenoprasum L.- Chive, Siberian onion.

Taxonomic position.

Family: Alliaceae J.Agardh, genus: Allium L.


A. sibiricum L.

Morphology and biology.

Perennial bulbous geophyte. Bulbs, single or several, cling to a short rhizome. They are oblong ovate, 0.5-1.0 cm in diameter, with dark brown papery, almost leathery coats. Smooth stalk is 12-50 cm high. Leaves, 1-2 in number, are fistulose and smooth. Umbel is fascicled, spherical or almost spherical, dense. Tepals are 7-17 mm long, glossy, varying from pale pink to pinky violet. Filaments are twice or thrice shorter than the tepals. Autochore. 2n=16.


Europe, Caucasus, European part of Russia (much less frequent in the south), Siberia, Far East (Maritime Territory, Amur River, Bureya floodlands, coast of the Sea of Okhotsk, Kamchatka Peninsula, islands of Sakhalin and Kunashir), Kazakhstan (Saur, Tarbagatai, Dzungarian Ala Tau, Kazakh hill country, Altai), Mongolia, China and Japan.


Mesophyte. Damp meadows in river valleys, Alpine meadows, lakeshores and riverbanks, stony slopes, and tundra.

Utilization and economic value.

Used as a table (vegetable) plant and a source of vitamins. This species contains cultivated forms (cultivars). Domesticated as early as in the 16th century. Suitable for producing greens by forcing. Cold-tolerant. Weakly susceptible to false mildew of onion.

Related References:

Brezhnev D.D., Korovina O.N. Wild relatives of cultural plants of flora of the USSR. L.: Kolos, 1981.-375 p.
Galushko A.I. Flora of the Northern Caucasus. Determinant, v. 1. Publishing house of the Rostov university, 1978. 320 p.
Kazakova A.A. Onions. // Cultural flora USSR.-L.: Kolos. v. 10.
Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East. / Under ed. S.S.Harkevich. - Leningrad: Nauka, 1988.-V. 2 - 445 p.
Flora of Siberia. Araceae - Orchidaceae. / Under ed. L.I.Malyshev, G.A.Peshkova. - Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1987. - V.4 - 246 p.
Frizen N.V.. Onions Siberia. Novosibirsk Nauka. 1988. - 184 p.

© Chukhina I.G.


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