Allium senescens L. - German garlic.

Taxonomic position.

Family: Alliaceae J.Agardh, genus: Allium L.


A. baicalense Willd.

Morphology and biology.

Perennial herbaceous bulbous plant. Bulbs, single or in pairs, are set on a horizontal rhizome. Cylindrical ovoids, they are sheathed in blackish solid filmy outer coats. Stalk is 30-60 cm high. Leaves are 5-10 (12) mm wide, flat, linear, slightly curved, clustered at the base. Umbel is hemispherical or spherical, polyanthous, dense. Tepals are pink, ovate-elliptic. Filaments are 1.5 times longer than the perianth, solid, subulate. Style noticeably protrudes from the perianth. 2n=32, 40, 48.


Siberia (Eastern Sayan Mountains, Baikal Lake shoreline, Trans-Baikal region), western part of Amur Province, Manchuria, Eastern Mongolia.


Petrophyte. Stony and rubbly steppe slopes.

Utilization and economic value.

Used as a table (vegetable) plant and a source of vitamins. Closely related to the domesticated sp. A. nutans.

Reference citations:

Flora of the Central Siberia. / Under L.I.Malyshev's, G.A.Peshkova's edition. - Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1979. - Т.1. p. 481 (in Russian).
Flora of Siberia. Araceae - Orchidaceae. / Under L.I.Malyshev's, G.A.Peshkova's edition. - Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1987. - Т.4. p. 178 (in Russian).
Friesen N. V. The Onions of Siberia (systematization, caryology, horology). Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1988. p. 93. (in Russian).

© Chukhina I.G.


Web design —
Kelnik studios