Coronilla coronata L. - Crownvetch, Crowned Scorpion-vetch.

Taxonomic position.

Family Fabaceae Lindl., genus Coronilla L.

Main synonyms.

Coronilla montana Scop., C. valentina Lam.

Morphology and biology.

Perennial plant 25-50 cm tall, glabrous, glaucous. Stems straight or ascending, branched. Stipules oblong, small, 2 mm long, lower ones fused together, upper ones free. Leaves 2.5-4 cm long, with more or less densely arranged 9-13 ovate or obovate leaflets 0.8-2.4 cm long, 0.4-1.1 cm wide, with small petiolules, lowermost leaflets being located at the petiole base. Inflorescence an umbel-like raceme of 15-20 flowers. Peduncles 2-5 cm long. Pedicels longer than calyx. Calyx shortly campanulate, 2.5-3 mm long, 2-2.5 mm wide, subequal to petal ungues, with acute triangular teeth. Flowers yellow. Standard 1 cm long, cordate, reflexed, on short unguis, shorter than keel but longer than wings. Wings about 1 cm long, ovate, on narrow short unguis. Keel 0.5-0.7 cm long, bent beak-like on narrow unguis. Pods straight, drooping, 1.5-3 cm long, 2-3 mm wide, slightly compressed, distinctly quadrangular, consisting of 2-4 readily breaking segments. Seeds oval or elliptic, slightly compressed, brown or chestnut, smooth, 3 mm long, 1 mm wide. Flowers in May, fruits in July. Entomophilous. Zoochore. 2n=24.


General distribution: Central Europe,Mediterranean, Caucasus. Former USSR: European part - Carpathians (Lvov Region, rare), Crimea; Caucasus . Ciscaucasia, Dagestan, West and East Transcaucasia.


Montane pine, oak, beech and mixed forests, their fringes, shrubberies, rocky calcareous and chalk slopes.

Use and economic value.

Forage. Melliferous.


Galushko AI. 1980. Flora of the North Caucasus: Handbook. V.2. P.161. (In Russian).
Grossheim AA. 1952. Flora of Caucasus. 2nd ed. V.5. P.347. (In Russian).
Fedorov AA., Tzvelev NN., ed. 1987. Flora of the European part of the USSR. V.6. Leningrad: Nauka. P.121-122. (In Russian).
Shishkin BK., Bobrov EG., ed. 1948. Flora URSS. V.13. P.249-250. (In Russian).
Cherepanov SK. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). St.Petersburg. 990 p. (In Russian).

© T.N.Smekalova

© Photo by Jean Michaux

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