Hordeum violaceum Boiss. et Huet - Violet barley.

Taxonomical position.

Family Poaceae Benth., Genera Hordeum L.

Morphology and biology.

Perennial plant. Forms friable tussocks. Stalks 40-70 cm tall. Leaves flat, 2-5 mm wide, sharply rough. Spikes 4-8 (10) cm long, cylindrical, dark violet, less often bright violet or nearly green. Spikelet scales slightly exceed flower scales in length. The bottom floral scales of the middle flower has very short (1-3 mm) awn or is nearly awnless. Blossoms in June-August. Anemophilous. 2n=14.


Occurs throughout the Caucasus, Asia Minor, and Iran.


Occurs in meadows, on stony slopes and among pebbles in the middle and high mountain belts.

Use and economic value.


Reference citations:

Grossgeim, A.A. 1939. Flora of Caucasus. Vol. 2. Polypodiaceae-Gramineae. Baku: Publishing house AzFaN, 587 pp.
Tzvelev N.N. 1976. Grasses of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka, 788 pp.

© L.L. Malyshev


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