Range of distribution of Elecampane, Horse-heal (Inula helenium L.).

Object description Download GIS-layers


The expert-botanist - I.G.Chukhina,
the GIS expert - T.A.Sinitsyna.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of the map:

The map is based on data of 1:17 000 000 - 1:25 000 000 scale maps.


"Albers Equal-Area Conic Projection for USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0

Basic contents:

The map is a vector file consisting of polygons and dots. The localities of the species are represented by dots, the area of possible species distribution is represented by the polygons.

Accuracy of the qualifier:

The dots represent information on the species localities according to published sources and herbarium specimens. The polygons are based on generalized information from published sources and herbarium specimens.

Method of the map contruction:

The data on the species distribution were obtained from the database of the species localities coordinates included in the Information Retrieval System "Crop Wild Relatives in Russia" (STC Informregistr 0229905883, 1999), from published maps by E.V.Baranova in "Atlas of medicinal plant ranges and resources..." (Tolmachev, 1983) and E.M.Antipova in "Flora of Siberia" (Krasnoborov, 1997), and from published lists of the species localities and areas of occurrence (Kinzikaeva, 1988; Pavlov, 1965; Mayevsky, 2006). The species has a disjunctive range. The borders of the Crimean and Caucasian parts of the range, as well as the eastern, southern and western borders of the European part of the range, are drawn after Baranova (Tolmachev, 1983). We have changed the northern and northwestern borders of the European part of the range on the basis of data on the species occurrence in "Flora of Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic" (Tomin, 1959), "Manual of the plants of Meschera" (Tikhomirov, 1987), "Manual of the plants of the Southwestern Russian Nechernozemie" (Bulokhov, Velichkin, 1998), works by Tzvelev (2000), Notov (2005). The authors of these publications notice that the distribution of elecampane in the Baltic states, Belorussia, Northwestern European Russia, and in some regions of the Russian Nechernozemie zone is related to its former cultivation as a medicinal and ornamental plant. Hence, all the species localities in these areas are represented by dots rather than included in the polygon. The borders of the Central Asian parts of the range are drawn mainly after Baranova (Tolmachev, 1983), and specified after Kinzikaeva (1988). The borders of the West Siberian part are drawn after Baranova (Tolmachev, 1983) and corrected after Antipova (Krasnoborov, 1997) and according to herbarium materials referred to in the database of the Information Retrieval System.


Tolmachev AI., ed. 1983. Atlas of medicinal plant ranges and resources in the USSR. Moscow: Principal Office of Geodesy and Cartography. P.58. (In Russian).
Herbarium specimens of N.I.Vavilov All-Russian Institute of Plant Industry [WIR], V.L.Komarov Botanical institute [LE] (both in St.Petersburg, Russia).
N.I.Vavilov All-Russian Institute of Plant Industry, Herbarium Department, 1999. Information Retrieval System: Crop Wild Relatives in Russia. STC Informregistr 0229905883, St.Petersburg, Russia.
Mayevsky PF. 2006. Flora of the middle zone of European part of Russia. 10th ed. Moscow. 600 p. (In Russian).
Notov AA. 2005. Materials on the flora of Tver Region. Pt 1: Higher plants. Tver. 214 p. (In Russian).
Tikhomirov VN., ed. 1987. Manual of the plants of Meschera. Pt 2. Moscow. 224 p. (In Russian).
Bulokhov AD., Velichkin EM. 1998. Manual of the plants of the Southwestern Russian Nechernozemie (Bryansk, Kaluga, Smolensk Regions). 2nd ed. Bryansk. 380 p. (In Russian).
Tomin MP., ed. 1959. Flora of Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic. V.5. Minsk. 268 p. (In Russian).
Pavlov NV., ed. 1965. Flora of Kazakhstan. V.8. Alma-Ata. 448 p. (In Russian).
Krasnoborov IM., ed. 1997. Flora of Siberia. V.13: Asteraceae (Compositae). Novosibirsk: Nauka. Map 14. (In Russian).
Kinzikaeva GK., ed. 1988. Flora of Tadzhik Soviet Socialist Republic. V.9. Leningrad: Nauka. P.297-298. (In Russian).
Tzvelev NN. 2000. Manual of the vascular plants of Northwest Russia (Leningrad, Pskov and Novgorod Regions). St.Petersburg: State Chemical-Pharmaceutical Academy Press. 781 p. (In Russian).

Rights and copyrights:

The copyrights of the map and descriptions are held by their authors.
The copyright of the photo is held by L.V.Bagmet.

Web design —
Kelnik studios