Medicago marina L. - Sea Medick.

Taxonomic position.

Family Fabaceae Lindl., genus Medicago L.

Morphology and biology.

Perennial herbaceous densely white-tomentose plant. Rhizome strong. Stems numerous from one root, 10-30 cm tall, decumbent or ascending, often branched, especially at the base. Subterranean parts of the stems long and slender. Stipules ovate-lanceolate, acute, usually entire. Leaflets ovate-cuneate, dentate in upper part. Raceme dense, of 5-20 flowers, head-shaped, on firm stalk. Corolla citrine-yellow. Pod twisted 2-4 times, 5-6 mm diameter, densely pubescent, with short prickles, tubercles or less often unarmed. Flowers in June, fruits in July. Autogamous plant. 2n=16.


Crimea, Black Sea coast of the Caucasus.


On coastal sands and shingles.

Economic value.

May be successfully used for sand fixing in coastal zone.


Vassilchenko IT. 1949. Medick, the best forage plant. In: Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS. Ser.1. V.8. Leningrad. P.7-240.
Goncharov PL., Lubenets PA. 1985. Biological aspects of medick cultivation. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 253 p. (In Russian).
Grossheim AA. 1945. Medick - Medicago L. In: Shishkin BK., ed. 1945. Flora URSS. V.11. P.129-176. (In Russian).
Grossheim AA. 1952. Flora of Caucasus. 2nd ed. V.5. P.177-192. (In Russian).
Sinskaya EN. 1950. Medick. In: Cultivated flora of the USSR. V.13, No.1. P.7-344. (In Russian).
Vassilchenko IT. 1987. Medick - Medicago L. In: Fedorov AA., Tzvelev NN., eds. Flora of the European part of the USSR. V.6. P.187-195. (In Russian).
Lesins KA., Lesins I. 1979. Genus Medicago (Leguminosae). A taxogenetic study. 228 p.

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