Papaver nudicaule L. - Iceland Poppy.

Taxonomic position.

Family Papaveraceae Juss., genus Papaver L.


Papaver orientale var. bracteatum Ledeb.; Calomecon bracteatum Spach

Morphology and biology.

Perennial plant, forming small mats. Leaves long, pinnate, greenish, less often greyish, covered with patent hairs, leaf segments oblong or lanceolate, less often linear, entire, less often dentate. Peduncles straight, firm, 15-50 cm tall, covered with adpressed or patent setaceous hairs. Buds large, 4-6 cm diameter. Corolla yellow, caducous soon. Filaments long, numerous. Capsules large, setose (bristles adpressed, white or fulvous), narrow-clavate or broader, oblong. Disc slightly convex, almost flat, without scarious border of rays and almost without scarious membrane in corners between rays. Flowers in June, fruits in July. 2n=42.


General distribution: West and East Siberia, Central Asia, Mongolia. Former USSR: West Siberia (Altai), East Siberia (Yenisei, Angara-Sayans, Dauria, Lena-Kolyma regions), Central Asia (Dzungaria-Tarbagatai region), Far East (Kolyma, Okhotsk, North Sakhalin, Lower Zeya, Ussuri regions).


On stony slopes, riverine shingles, in sandy meadows, on dry steppified sites, on slopes and banks at watersides.

Use and economic value.



Kharkevich SS., ed. 1987. Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East. V.2. Leningrad: Nauka. P.43-44. (In Russian).
Pakhomova MG., ed. 1974. Manual of plants of Middle Asia. Critical synopsis of flora. V.4. Tashkent. P.17. (In Russian).
Shishkin BK., ed. 1937. Flora URSS. V.7. P.617-618. (In Russian).
Cherepanov SK. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). St.Petersburg. 990 p. (In Russian).

© T.N.Smekalova

© Photo by L.V.Bagmet

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