Range of distribution of Norway Spruce (Picea abies).

Object description Download GIS-layers
The expert-botanist and the GIS expert - L.L.Malyshev

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000

Accuracy of the map:

The map is based on data of 1:12 000 000-1:40 000 000 scale maps.


"Albers Equal-Area Conic Projection for USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0

Basic contents:

The map is a vector file consisting of 1 basic and 3 subject layers. The species range is represented by a polygon and dots.

Accuracy of the qualifier:

The dots represent information on the species localities according to published sources, the polygon - generalized information on the species distribution.

Method of the map construction:

The range map is based on published maps (Sokolov et al., 1977; Tolmachev, 1974). The northern border of the range coincides with the border of the forest zone. Eastward, the species is gradually replaced by Siberian spruce (Picea obovata), and forms a great number of transitional forms between the species. The southern border runs along the limit of broad-leaved forests. In Carpathians, it occurs up to the altitude of 2,500 m a.s.l.


Sokolov SI., Svjaseva OA., Kubli VA. 1977. Ranges of trees and shrubs of the USSR. V.1. Leningrad: Nauka. 240 p. (In Russian).
Tolmachev AI., ed. 1974. Flora of the Northeast of European part of the USSR. V.1. Leningrad: Nauka. 275 p. (In Russian).

Rights and copyrights:

The copyrights of the map and descriptions are held by their author. The copyright of the photo is held by D.O.Eliseev ( Vorobeykov GA., Dubenskaya GI. Essentials of plant biology: Digital manual. A.I.Herzen Russian Pedagogical University).

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