Pinus sibirica Du Tour - Siberian Pine.

Taxonomic position.

Family Pinaceae Lindl. genus Pinus L.

Morphology and biology.

Large evergreen tree up to 35-45 m tall and up to 1.8 m diameter in lower part of trunk; root system with developed taproot and firm, widely prostrate lateral roots; bark brownish-grey; crown of free-growing trees broad, dense, oval, in forests apical, in lower part with dry boughs; young branches with long fulvous hairs. Leaves in bunches of 5, 6.13 cm long and 0.8-1.2 mm wide, triquetrous, slightly notched at margins, three resin canals, located in leaf flesh, opposite leaf corners; buds not resinous, orbicular, long-acuminate, covered with long, red-brown scales. Cones erect, indehiscent, light brown, 6-13 cm long and 5-8 cm wide, their scales densely adpressed, with short and rigid hairs on surface; seeds dark brown, 10.14 mm long and 6.10 mm wide, obliquely obovoid, smooth. Monoecious, anemophilous, ornitho- and partly zoochore.


European part (northeastern), Urals, West Siberia, Altai, East Siberia (central and southern parts); Northern Mongolia.


One of main forest-forming species of dark coniferous taiga. Occurs up to upper montane zone (above forest limit in trailing shrub form).

Use and economic value.

Valuable timber tree and nuciferous tree.


Sokolov SI., Svjaseva OA., Kubli VA. 1977. Ranges of trees and shrubs of the USSR. V.1. Leningrad: Nauka. 240 p. (In Russian).
Tolmachev AI., ed. 1974. Flora of the North-East of European part of the USSR. V.1. Leningrad: Nauka. 275 p. (In Russian).
Krasnoborov IM., ed. 1988. Flora of Siberia. V.1. Lycopodiaceae - Hydrocharitaceae. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 199 p. (In Russian).

© L.L.Malyshev

© Photo by N.Yu.Malysheva, L.L.Malyshev

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