Ribes ussuriense Jancz. - Ussurian currant.

Taxonomic position.

Family Grossulariaceae Hill; genus Ribes L.

Morphology and biology.

Perennial plant. Branchy shrub, about 1 m tall, with producing, abundant soboles. Shoots are golden yellow, pilose. Leaves are up to 7 cm long and 7 (10) cm wide, compact, glossy, bright green, with a heart-shaped base; the upper surface is sparsipilose at first and bare towards the end; the undersurface is pubescent along the veins; leaves are serrated along the edges with five sharp or acuminate lobes. Racemes are short, up to 2.5 cm in length, with 5-9 flowers; pedicels are 3-5 mm long; rachis and flowers are thickly tomentose, white. Bracts are lanceolate, 2-2.5 mm long, ciliate along the edges. Flowers are bell-shaped, pale cream or yellowish, 7-8 mm long and 6 mm in diameter, thinly pilose and glandular on the outside. Calyx lobes are lanceolate, up to 4 mm in length and 2 mm wide, micropilose from both sides. Hypanthium is somewhat pentahedral, with a width 2-2.5 times greater than the height; its style is complete; the ovary's top is wide-conical, while its lower part is densely glandular. Berries are black, small, set on thin, drooping stems. Flowers in June; bears fruit in July. Entomophilous, monoecious, zoochore.


Isolated locations are reported in North Korea (along Segel Su tributary of Dumangang); Ussuri Province (Khanka Lake vicinities); and the Nezhinka River valley in the Nadezhdinsky District of Primorsky Region. May be regarded as a narrow-location endemic species of the Ussuri District in the Primorsky Region.


Occurs along riverbanks; individual plants occur in flood-land forests in Manchuria.

Utilization and economic value.

Used for food and fruit-processing. Berries are small, randomly ripening and quickly falling. Their flavor is similar to that of other species of this genus.


Komarov V.L. 1939. Flora of the USSR. Vol. IX. Fam. Saxifragaceae. Moscow/Leningrad, Publishing House of the USSR Academy of Sciences, pp. 254-255.
Koropachinsky I.Yu., Vstovskata T.N. 2002. Woody plants of Asiatic Russia. Grossulariaceae DC. Novosibirsk: Siberian Division of the Russian Academy of Science, GEO Branch Publishers, pp. 266-293.
Malyshev L.I., Peshkova G.A. 1979. Flora of Siberia. Vol. I. Onocleaceae-Saxifragaceae. Novosibirsk, Nauka, p. 431.

© T.N. Smekalova


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