Rosa davurica Pall. - Daurian Rose.

Taxonomic position.

Family Rosaceae Juss. genus Rosa L.

Morphology and biology.

Deciduous shrub up to 1.5 m tall with slender straight branches. Old shoots dark brown, young ones reddish-brown. Shoots bear scarce, slightly bent prickles most often located in pairs at leaf base. Leaves alternate, compound, imparipinnate, 4-8 cm long, 5-7(9) leaflets. Leaflets 1.5-5 cm long, oblong-elliptic, finely serrate at margins, above subglabrous, beneath covered with point glandules, pubescent throughout surface or along veins. Petioles often glandular-hairy. Flowers in 1-4(5), on glabrous or more often glandular-hairy pedicels, on branch apices. Sepals with entire margin, glabrous to glandular-hairy on outer surface, 1-3 cm long, with large lateral appendages. Corolla dark pink, 3-5 cm diameter. Fruit is a multinutlet within accrescent hypanthium, which becomes fleshy to form a skin of false "fruit". Hypanthia 10-15 mm long, red, with glaucous bloom, globose, glabrous to glandular-hairy, with persistent sepals.
Entomophilous, ornitho- and zoochore. Propagates by seeds and summer cuttings. Flowers in June, mature fruits in August - September. 2n=14.


East Siberia (basin of the upper and middle courses of the Lena River, Transbaikal area, Eastern Sayan, solitary localities in the Angara River basin); Far East (Amur area, Primorie Territory, southern coast of the Sea of Okhotsk); Mongolia (north), China (north), Korea, Japan.


Mesoxerophyte, drought-resistant. Relatively shade-resistant. Occurs solitary, more often in small groups, sometimes forms thickets on exposed mountain slopes and in river valleys in thinned deciduous forests, occurs in undergrowth of light broad-leaved forests. In mountains it reaches 1,900 m a.s.l.

Use and economic value.

Food, melliferous, medicine, ornamental. Recommended for solitary or clump planting on slopes and in rock gardens.


Koropachinskiy IYu., Vstovskaya TN. 2002. Woody plants of the Asian part of Russia. Novosibirsk: Publishing House of Siberian Division of the Russian Academy of Science, Branch "Geo". P.355-356. (In Russian).
Sokolov SI., Svjaseva OA., Kubli VA. 1980. Ranges of trees and shrubs of the USSR. V.2. Leningrad: Nauka. P.90. (In Russian).
Yuzepchuk SV. 1941. Rose (wild rose) - Rosa L. In: Shishkin BK., Yuzepchuk SV. eds. Flora URSS. V.10. Moscow; Leningrad. P.431-506. (In Russian).

© I.G.Chukhina

© Photo by O.Korsun ( )

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