Range of distribution of Sambucus racemosa L. (European red elder, Red-berried elder).

Object description Download GIS-layers


The expert-botanist - T.N.Smekalova,
the GIS expert - G.V.Talovina.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of the map:

The map is based on data of 1:25 000 000-80 000 000 scale maps, specified according to herbarium materials.


"Albers Equal-Area Conic Projection for USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0

Basic contents:

The map is a vector file consisting of a polygon and dots. Point localities of the species are represented by dots, the area of possible species distribution is represented by the polygon.

Accuracy of the qualifier:

Dark dots represent information on the species localities from herbarium specimens, the rest (light) dots represent data from published sources; the polygon is based on generalized information from published sources and herbarium specimens.

Method of the map construction:

The range is represented by a polygon, which includes a site of the species localities in the European part of Russia. The southern border of the polygon coincides with the state border. The northern, eastern and western borders are drawn according to generalized available information on the species distribution. The dots outside the outlines represent adventive localities of the species, which is often cultivated as ornamental. The herbarium materials of LE and published maps of the species range (Svjaseva, 1986; Hulten, 1986) were used for the range construction.


Sokolov SI., Svjaseva OA., Kubli VA. 1986. Ranges of trees and shrubs of the USSR. V.3. Leningrad: Nauka. P.132. (In Russian).
Shishkin BK., ed. 1958. Flora URSS. V.23. P.431-433. (In Russian).
Cherepanov SK. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). St.Petersburg. 990 p. (In Russian).
Hulten E., Fries M. 1986. Atlas of North European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. V.1-3. Konigstein: Koeltz Scientific Books.
Herbarium specimens of V.L.Komarov Botanical Institute [LE], St.Petersburg, Russia.

Rights and copyrights:

The copyrights of the map and descriptions are held by their authors.
The copyright of the image is held by V.I.Dorofeev.

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