Setaria italica (L). Beauv. - Foxtail, Italian millet.

Taxonomic position.

Family Poaceae Barnh.; genus: Setaria Beauv.

Basic synonyms:

Panicum italicum L., P. germanicum Mill., Setaria germanica (Mill.) Beauv.

Morphology and biology.

Annual plant 60-120 (200) cm in height. Leaves usually downy, asperous. An inflorescence - dense, compact, spike-like panicle. The density of an inflorescence is caused by contraction of panicle branches. The panicle can be cylindrical or lobate - lobes are formed in case of lengthening of inflorescences branches. Spikes are two-floral, one flower - carpogenic, another - is reduced up to scale. Bristles are long, crenate, have different length. A fruit - tunicate small caryopsis which is easily released from scales. Blossoms in July, fructifies in September. 2n=18.


The general distribution: Middle Europe, the Mediterranean, Asia Minor, Iran, the Himalayas, region Dzhungarsko-Kashgarsky, Mongolia, China, Southern Asia, North America. In the territory of the former USSR: the European part - the Top Volga, Carpathian mountains, Moldova, Middle Volga, Middle Dnepr, Black Sea Coast, Crimea, Southern Ural; Western Siberia - Upper -Tobolsky, Irtyshsky, Altay regions; Eastern Siberia - Daursky region; Middle Asia - all areas, except for Pamir; the Far East - Zeya - Bureinsky, Ussurysky, Sakhalin areas.


At roads, in settlements, in sowings of other crops. It is cultivated plant and it frequently runs from sowings.

Use and economic value.

Alimentary (sereals), fodder, forage.


Cherepanov, S.K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and allied countries (in frame of the former USSR). St-Petersburg. 990 p (in Russian).
Komarov V.L., ed. 1934. Flora of the USSR. Vol.II.
Tzvelev, N.N. 1976. Graminoids of the USSR. Leningrad, Nauka, 1976. p. 677-678 (in Russian).
Zhukovsky, P.M. 1964. Cultivated plants and their relatives. Leningrad: "Kolos". p. 230-232 (in Russian).

© Smekalova, T.N.


Web design —
Kelnik studios