Trifolium echinatum M.Bieb. - Hedgehog Clover.

Taxonomic position.

Family Fabaceae Lindl., genus Trifolium L.


Trifolium supinum Savi, Trifolium procerum Rochel, Trifolium reclinatum Waldst. & Kit.

Morphology and biology.

Annual herbaceous plant. Stems 30-60 cm tall, angular, branched almost from the base. Stipules in their free part lanceolate. Leaflets narrow-oblong-linear, acute. Inflorescences ovoid solitary heads 2 cm long. Corolla pink, calyx in fruit campanulate, 10-veined. Calyx teeth subulately acuminate, therefore the head in fruit looks echinate-spiny. Fruit a scarious 1-seeded pod. Flowers in June, fruits in July. Autogamous plant. 2n=16.


Southern Crimea, Caucasus.


Forest glades and fringed, exposed stony slopes, among shrubberies.

Economic value.

May be used as forage plant in mountainous areas.


Galushko AI. 1980. Flora of the North Caucasus: Handbook. V.2. 352 p. (In Russian).
Grossheim AA. 1952. Flora of Caucasus. 2nd ed. V.5. P.194-221. (In Russian).
Bobrov EG. 1987. Clover - Trifolium L. In: Fedorov AA., Tzvelev NN., eds. Flora of the European part of the USSR. V.6. P.195-208. (In Russian).
Bobrov EG. 1945. Clover - Trifolium L. In: Shishkin BK., ed. Flora URSS. V.11. P.189-261. (In Russian).

© N.I.Dzyubenko, E.A.Dzyubenko

© Photo by E.A.Dzyubenko

Web design —
Kelnik studios