Trifolium retusum L. - Blunt-leaved Clover.

Taxonomic position.

Family Fabaceae Lindl., genus Trifolium L.


Trifolium parviflorum Ehrh., T.strictum auct. non L., Amoria retusa (L.) Dostal

Morphology and biology.

Annual herbaceous plant. Stems 5-30 cm tall, glabrous, branched from the base. Stipules subulate in free part. Leaflets oblong-obovate. Inflorescences globose heads 0.8 mm diameter, 1-1.5 cm long, rather loose, on thick peduncles, axillary. Corollas pinkish or white, calyx 10-veined, unevenly pubescent. Calyx teeth subulate acuminate. Pod sessile, ovoid, 2-seeded. Flowers in May, fruits in June. Autogamous plant. 2n=16.


Moldova, Black Sea area, the Lower Don area, Crimea, Caucasus.


Dry meadows, exposed steppe slopes, pastures.

Use and economic value.

May be used as pasture plant on insufficient lands.


Galushko AI. 1980. Flora of the North Caucasus: Handbook. V.2. 352 p. (In Russian).
Grossheim AA. 1952. Flora of Caucasus. 2nd ed. V.5. P.194-221. (In Russian).
Bobrov EG. 1945. Clover - Trifolium L. In: Shishkin BK., ed. Flora URSS. V.11. P.189-261. (In Russian).
Bobrov EG. 1987. Clover - Trifolium L. In: Fedorov AA., Tzvelev NN., eds. Flora of the European part of the USSR. V.6. P.195-208. (In Russian).
Meusel H. et al. 1965. Vergleichende Chorologie der Zentraleuropischen Flora. Jena. 583 p.

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