Trifolium striatum L. - Knotted Clover.

Taxonomic position.

Family Fabaceae Lindl., genus Trifolium L.


Trifolium tenuiflorum Ten., Trifolium incanum C.Presl.

Morphology and biology.

Annual herbaceous plant with soft pubescence. Stems 30-60 cm tall, ribbed, branched almost from base. Stipules acutely subulate in their free part. Leaflets oblong-oboval. Inflorescences dense oval heads, elongating at fruits. Corolla pink, calyx slightly inflated at fruits. Calyx teeth subulately sharpened, longer than corolla. Fruit a scarious 1-seeded pod. Flowers in May, fruits in June. Autogamous plant. 2n=16.


Moldova, southern Crimea, Caucasus.


On stony and debris slopes, shingles, in light forests, among shrubberies, at roadsides. Up to middle montane zone.

Economic value.

May be used as forage plant in mountain areas.


Galushko AI. 1980. Flora of the North Caucasus: Handbook. V.2. 352 p. (In Russian).
Grossheim AA. 1952. Flora of Caucasus. 2nd ed. V.5. P.194-221. (In Russian).
Bobrov EG. 1987. Clover - Trifolium L. In: Fedorov AA., Tzvelev NN., eds. Flora of the European part of the USSR. V.6. P.195-208. (In Russian).
Bobrov EG. 1945. Clover - Trifolium L. In: Shishkin BK., ed. Flora URSS. V.11. P.189-261. (In Russian).
Hulten E., Fries M. 1986. Atlas of North European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. V.1-3. Konigstein: Koeltz Scientific Books.

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