Ulmus glabra Huds. - Wych Elm, Scots Elm.
Taxonomic position.Family Ulmaceae Mirb. genus Ulmus L.
Synonymy.Ulmus elliptica C.Koch, U. podolica (Wilcz.) Klok., U. sukaczevii Andron.
Morphology and biology.Deciduous tree up to 30 m tall. Trunks up to 2 m diameter with brown, deeply cracked bark. Young shoots densely fulvous-setose. Buds ovoid, with dark brown notched scales, covered with fulvous bristles. Leaves entire, elliptic to obovate, with acute apex, bidentate at margins, above usually scabrous, shortly pubescent. Fruit a nutlet surrounded with wing (samara). Samaras elliptic, without cilia at margin, sessile or with scarcely distinct stalk, 1-2 mm long.
Anemophilous. Anemochore. Propagates by seeds and stool shoots. Flowers in April - May, mature fruits in June.
Distribution.Throughout the southern and middle parts of European Russia, West Europe (except for Mediterranean), Asia Minor, Iran, Ciscaucasia, East Europe (except for northern regions).
Ecology.Mesophyte. Shade-resistant. Usually occurs in forest stand of deciduous forests, especially at ravines, brook banks and river terraces, humid habitats with rich, well aerated soil. In mountains reaches 2,000-2,200 m a.s.l.
Use and economic value.Technical, ornamental. Has beautiful wood used for woodwork. Brought under cultivation long ago for landscaping inhabited areas.
References:Grossheim AA. 1945. Flora of Caucasus. 2nd ed. V.3. 321 p. (In Russian).
Gubanov IA., Kiseleva KV., Novikov VS., Tikhomirov VN. 2003. Illustrated Manual of the Middle Russia Plants. V.2. Moscow: KMK. 665 p. (In Russian).
Sokolov SI., Svjaseva OA., Kubli VA. 1977. Ranges of trees and shrubs of the USSR. V.1. Leningrad: Nauka. P.129-130. (In Russian).