Vicia cassubica L. - Danzig vetch.

Taxonomic position.

Family Leguminosae Endl., genus Vicia L., section Cassubicae Radzhi.


Ervilia cassubica Schur., Ervum cassubicum Peterm., Vicia militans Crantz.

Biology and morphology.

Perennial herb, glabrous or slightly pubescent. Stems ribbed, erect or ascending, slightly clasping, 30-70 cm high. Stipules arrow-shaped, dentated. Leaves pinnate (13-15 pairs of leaflets). Leaflets covered by sparse appressed hairs, lance-oblong or lance-linear. Racemes with common flower. Flower stalk is curved, its length is equal to the calyx. The toothes of the calyx are not equal to each other. Corolla purple or violet, standard oblong, rounded or refused in the upper part. Keel is pale-violet and shorter than the standard. Pods brown, not large (2-2.5 cm length, 1.0-1.5 cm width), almost rhomb-shaped with curved thin beak, 2-3 seeded. Seeds globular, slightly compressed. Self-compatible plant, cross-pollinated mainly by bees. Blossoms June-July, seeds ripening July-August. 2n=12 (14).


Ukraine (Crimea included), Moldova, European part of Russia, Caucasus.


Occurs in rare woods, in bushes, at dry slopes, along forests. line and along rivers on steppe meadows (from 700 to 2200m. above sea level).

Utilization and economic value.

Perspective forage crop for meadows improvement for forest zone with enough humidity. Characterized by high seed productivity in unfavorable years.


Brezhnev D. D., Korovina O. N. 1980. Wild relatives of the cultivated plants of flora of the USSR. - L.: Kolos, 376 pp. (in Russian).
Flora of cultivated plants. Vicia. 1999. Repjev S. I. (ed.). - SPb.: VIR, Vol. IV, part 2 - 492 pp. (in Russin).
Flora of the European part of the USSR. 1987. Phyodorov A. A. (ed.). Vol. VI. - 254 pp. (in Russian).
Flora of the USSR. Genus Vicia. 1948. Schischkin V.K., E.G. Bobrov (ed.). Vol. XIII, M.-L.: AN USSR , p. 406 - 475. (in Russian).
Galushko A. I. 1980. Flora of Northern Caucasus. A field guide. - Rostov - na - Donu:, Vol. 2. - 350 pp. (in Russian).
Grossheim A. A. 1952. Genus Vicia. Flora of the Caucasus. - M. - L.: Academy of Science of the USSR, Vol. V. - p. 380 - 398. (in Russian).
Hulten, Eric and Magnus Fries. 1986. Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer.
Meusel Y. und and.1965. Vergleichende Chorologie der Zentraleuropischen Flora. Jena:, - 583 s.
Nikitin V. V., Geldikhanov A. M.. 1988. Plants of Turkmenistan. A field guide. - L.: Nauka, 680 pp. (in Russian).

© Dzyubenko N. I., Dzyubenko E. A.

Copyright on the photos belong to Dzyubenko N. I.

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