Area of distribution and harmfulness of Abutilon theophrastii Medik.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist - O.E.Kravchenko & R.S.Ushakova, GIS-specialist - I.A. Budrevskaya.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of the map:

It is created on materials of map of natural scale 1:15 000 000 and on literature data.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Main content:

Vector map. Area is shown by polygons (main distribution) and by dots (sporadic distribution). Zone of harmfulness is shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

The distribution of the species is divided into zones of main distribution, sporadic distribution, and harmfulness area. The zones of weediness are shown - established by criteria of occurence (50% of fields where this species is found) and abundance, expressed as projective cover of this species in the field (more than 15 % to the field area (Tanskii et al., 1998).

Procedure of map drawing:

Zones of distribution and injury are allocated by results of the analysis of the open-published cartographical materials and literature, and also materials of the VIR Herbarium of weed plants. The area of distribution has been outlined after Nikitins materials (1983) and Shishkin and Bobrov (Eds.,1949), and then it has been specified according to the publications listed below. Northern border is located within the steppe zone. A. theophrastii is an adventive plant in the Far East. Now it is distributed on arable Primorskii and Khabarovskii Territoris (Kharkevich,1987). The zone of damage is allocated after the literature data with adjustment to arable lands. It is located in areas of irrigated agriculture of the European part, Crimea, on Caucasus, in Central Asia. Litters crops of a cotton, millet, flax, on fields tilled cultures (Vasilchenko, 1975; Deza, 1989; Dobrokhotov, 1961; Maisuryan, Atabekova, 1978; Ulyanova, 1998). On the Far East and in Primorski Krai Abutilon is an insignificant weed on fields (Shishkin, 1936; Vorobev et al, 1966).

Sources of the data:

Baitenov M.S., Vasileva A.N., etc. 1972. The Illustrated keys to plants of Kazakhstan. V. 2. Alma-Ata: Nauka, 572 p. (in Russian).
Deza M.I. 1989. Keys to weed plants of Kirghizia. Frunze, 204 pp. (in Russian).
Dobrokhotov V.N. 1961. Seeds of weed plants. Moscow: Selkhozisdat, 414 p. (in Russian).
Fisyunov A.V. 1984. Weeds. Moscow: Kolos, 320 pp. (in Russian).
Shishkin B.K., Bobrov E.G. (Eds.). 1949. Flora of the USSR. V. 15. Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR, 742 pp. (in Russian).
Nikitin V.V. (Ed.). 1950. Flora of Turkmenia. V. 5. Ashkhabad: AN TurkmSSR, 272 p. (in Russian).
Grossgeim A.A. 1949. Keys to plants of the Caucasus. Moscow: Sovetskaya nauka, 747 pp. (in Russian).
Komarov B.M. 1967. Keys to plants of northern Tadzhikistan. Dushanbe: Donish, 400 pp. (in Russian).
Maevskii P.F. 1954. Flora of middle belt of the European part of the USSR. Moscow & Leningrad: Selkhozgiz, 912 pp. (in Russian).
. Keys to seeds and fruits of weed plants. Moscow: Kolos, Edit. 2. 288 p. (in Russian).
Moskalenko G.P., Yudin B.I. 1999. Atlas of seeds and fruits of weed plants meeting in quarantine cargoes and materials. Moscow: TNI KMK, 264 p. (in Russian).
Nikitin V.V. 1983. Weed plants of the USSR flora. Leningrad: Nauka, 454 pp. (in Russian).
Nikitin V.V. 1957. Weed vegetation of Turkmenia. Ashkhabad: AN TurkmSSR, 581 pp. (in Russian).
Nikitin V.V., Geldikhanov A.M. 1988. Keys to plants of Turkmenistan. Leningrad: Nauka, 680 pp. (in Russian).
Shishkin I.K. 1936. Weed plants of southern part of the Far East. Khabarovsk, 144 pp. (in Russian).
Takhtadzhyan A.L, Fedorov A.A. 1972. Flora of Erevan. Leningrad: Nauka, 396 pp. (in Russian).
Tanskii, V.I., Levitin, M.M., Ishkova, T.I. & Kondratenko, V.I. 1998. Phytosanitary diagnostics in integrated managemant of cereals. In: Novozhilov K.V., ed. Compendium of methodical recommendations in plant protection. Sankt-Petersburg: VIZR. p.5-55. (in Russian).
Ulyanova T.N. 1998. Weed plants in flora of Russia and other CIS countries. St.Petersburg: VIR. 233 pp. (in Russian).
Kharkevich S.S. 1987. Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East. V. 2. St.Petersburg, 250 pp. (in Russian).
Maisuryan N.A., Atabekova A.I. 1978. Keys to seeds and fruits of weed plants. Moscow: Kolos. Edition 2. 288 pp. (in Russian)Vasilchenko I.T. 1979. Keys to shoots of weed plants. Leningrad: Kolos, Edit. 2. 344 p. (in Russian).
Vasilchenko I.T., Pidotti O.A. 1975. Keys to weed plants of regions of irrigated agriculture. Leningrad: Kolos, 375 pp. (in Russian).
Vorobev D.P. et al. 1966. Keys to plants of Primorskii Territory and Amur Region. Moscow & Leningrad: Nauka, 492 pp. (in Russian).
Voroshilov V.N. 1982. Keys to plants of the Soviet Far East. Moscow: Nauka, 672 pp. (in Russian).
Keller B.A., Ljubimenko V.N., Maltsev A.I., etc. 1935. Weed plants of the USSR. Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR, V. 1. 324 pp. (in Russian).
Barbarich A.I., Visyulina O.D., Vorobjev M.E. 1970. Weeds of the Ukraine. Kiev, Naukova dumka, 508 pp. (in Ukrainian).
Tzvelev N.N. 2000. Keys to the vascular plants of North-West Russia (Leningrad, Pskov and Novgorod Regions). St.-Petersburg, 781 pp. (in Russian).

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