Area of distribution and weediness of Acalypha australis L.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Biologist - O.E. Kravchenko,
GIS-specialist - I.A. Budrevskaya

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Map created using a map of natural scale 1:4 000,000 and literature data.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR" 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons, and sporadic distribution by points. Zones of weediness are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The weed area is subdivided into two zones, one representing species distribution; and the other, where weed is considered a serious pest. Points represent locations where sporadic occurrence has been reported. The zone of weediness was allocated in the Far East on arable lands based on the literature of Shishkin (1936) and Buch et al. (1981). The abundance of the weed within the zone of weediness is equal to a score of 3 or more on vegetable cultures and in summer grains.

Method of map production:

Published literature was reviewed, including Atlases, monographs and papers. The A. australis map from Kharkevich (1991) was used as a prototype. It was supplemented with the data of Grossgeim (1962), Petrosyan et al. (2003) and the herbarium materials of the N.I. Vavilov Institute. Specifications were made according to the references listed below. The zone of weediness was allocated in the Far East on arable lands based on the literature of Shishkin (1936) and Buch et al. (1981). Data were then compiled through scanning and geo-referencing to develop a composite vector map. The biologist, together with the GIS specialist, drew a composite weed distribution area based on compiled data.

Reference citations:

Buch T.G., Kachura N.N., Shvydkaya V.D., Andreeva E.R. 1981. Weeds of the Primorskii Territory and their control. Vladivostok: Dalnevostochnoe knizhnoe izdatelstvo. 256 pp. (in Russian).
Cherepanov S.K. 1995. Plantae Vasculares Rossicae et Civitatum Collimitanearum (in limics USSR olim)[List of Vascular Plants of Russia]. St. Petersburg: Mir I Semia. 990 pp. (in Russian).
Goloskokov V.P., ed. 1972. The illustrated keys to plants of Kazakhstan. V. 2. Alma-Ata: Nauka. 572 pp. (in Russian).
Grossgeim, A.A. 1949. Keys to plants of the Caucasus. Moscow: Sovetskaya nauka. 747 pp. (in Russian).
Grossgeim, A.A. 1962. Flora of the Caucasus. V. 6. Moscow-Leningrad: AN USSR. 420 pp. (in Russian).
Gubanov, I.A., Kiseleva, K.V., Novikov, V.S. & V.N. Tikhomirov. 1995. Keys to vascular plants of the center of the European Russia. Moscow: Argus. 560 pp. (in Russian).
Keller B.A., Lyubimenko V.N., Maltsev A.I., Fedchenko B.A., Shishkin B.K., Rodzevich R.Yu., Kamenskii K.V., eds. 1934. Weed plants of the USSR. V. 3. Moscow-Leningrad: AS USSR. 448 pp. (in Russian).
Kharkevich S.S., ed. 1991. Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East. V. 5. Saint Petersburg: Nauka. 392 pp. (in Russian).
Maevskii, P.F. 1954. Flora of middle belt of the European part of the USSR. Moscow-Leningrad: Selkhosgiz. 912 pp. (in Russian).
Malyshev, L.I. & G.A. Peshkova, eds. 1979. Flora of the Central Siberia. V. 2. Novosibirsk. 1048 pp. (in Russian).
Nabiev, M.M., ed. 1983. Keys to plants of Central Asia. V. 7. Tashkent: Fan. 119 pp. (in Russian).
Nikitin, V.V. 1983. Weed plants of the USSR flora. Leningrad: Nauka. 454 pp. (in Russian).
Peshkova, G.I., ed. 1996. Flora of Siberia. V. 10. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 254 pp. (in Russian).
Petrosyan V.G., Korneeva T.M., Nukhimovskaya Yu.D., Pavlov A.V., Bessonov S.A. 2003. Data base: .Information search system on flora and fauna in reservations of Russia.: http://www.sevin.ru/natreserves/content4.html (in Russian).
Rubtsov, N.I., ed. 1972. Keys to vascular plants of the Crimea. Leningrad: Nauka. 552 pp. (in Russian).
Shishkin I.K. 1936. Weed plants of southern part of the Far East. Khabarovsk. 144 pp. (in Russian).
Shishkin, B.K. & E.G. Bobrov, eds. 1949. Flora of the USSR. V. 14. Leningrad-Moscow: AN SSSR. 790 pp. (in Russian).
Tolmachev, A.I., ed. 1974. Keys to higher plants of Yakutia. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 544 pp. (in Russian).
Tolmachev, A.I., ed. 1976. Flora of North-East of the European part of the USSR. V. 3. Leningrad: Nauka. 293 pp. (in Russian).
Tsvelev, N.N. 2000. Keys to the vascular plants of North-West Russia (Leningrad, Pskov and Novgorod Regions). Saint Petersburg: SPbSCPA press. 781 pp. (in Russian).
Ulyanova T.N. 1998. Weed plants in flora of Russia and other CIS countries. Saint Peterburg: VIR. 233 pp. (in Russian).
Visyulina O.D., Kotov M.I., Dobrochaeva N.M., Kuznetsova G.O., Morozyuk S.S., eds. 1970. Weed plants of Ukraine. Kiev: Naukova dumka. 508 pp. (in Ukrainian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2005 © O.E. Kravchenko & I.A. Budrevskaya (vector map, description).
Picture taken from Shishkin, I.K. (1936).

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