Area of distribution and harmfulness of Apera spica-venti (L.) Beauv.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Scientist -N.N. Luneva
GIS specialist - I.A. Budrevskaya

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on information taken from open-published literature and maps of scale 1:13,000,000 - 1:80,000,000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for Russia" 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of distribution is shown by polygons (main distribution) and by points (sporadic distribution). Zone of harmfulness is shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The weed area is subdivided into zones of main distribution and harm and places of sporadic distribution.

Method of map production:

The map was drawn according to results of the analysis of open-published cartographical materials and literature. The map from Hulten & Fries (1986) was used as a basis. The northern boundaries of area were outlined according to the atlas "Areas of the major weed plants in the USSR", 1935 (Volkov A.N., Ed.) and other sources (Dorogostaiskaya E.V., 1972; Keys to vascular plants of Komi SSR, 1962; Keys to plants of Byelorussia, 1967; Mal.tsev A.I., 1937; Maevskii, 1954; Ramenskaya, 1960) and herbarial materials. The eastern area has been corrected according to results of the analysis of literature data (Areas of distribution.., 1935; Keys to plants of Novosibirsk Region, 2000; Ul.yanova, 1998; Popov, 1957; Polozhii, 1953; Flora of Transbaikalia, 1969; Keys to weed plants of Cisbaikalia, 1969), according to map of arable lands, and confirmed by points taken from Hulten & Fries (1986). The southern border was drawn accordig to results of the analysis of maps (Hulten E., Fries M., 1986; Areas of distribution ., 1935; Vul.f, 1951; Geideman, 1954; Keys to vascular plants of the Crimea, 1972; Keys to vascular plants of Ukraine, 1987). Places of sporadic distribution were specified according to literature data (Bakin O.V., Rogova T.V., Sitnikov A.P., 2000; Grigor'evskaya A.Ya., 2000; Galushko, 1978; Grossgeim, 1939) and herbarial materials. The zone of harm was allocated according to literature data (Nikitin, 1983; Ul.yanova, 1998).

Reference citations:

Bakin O.V., Rogova T.V., Sitnikova A.P. 2000. Vascular plants of Tatarstan. Kazan: Kazan University, P. 1-496 (in Russian).
Buddo I.S. (Ed.). 1969. Keys to weed plants of Cisbaikalia. Irkutsk: Irkutsk Agricultural Institute, 48 p. (in Russian).
Dorogostaiskaya E.V. 1972. Weed plants of the Far North of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 172 p. (in Russian).
Flora of Transbaikalia. Iss.2. Tomsk: Tomsk State University, 1969. 149 p. (in Russian).
Galushko A.I. 1978. Flora of the Northern Caucasus. Rostov: Izdatel.stvo Rostovskogo Universiteta, 318 p. (in Russian).
Geideman T.S. 1954. Keys to plants of Moldavian SSR. Moscow, Leningrad, 478 p. (in Russian).
Grigor.evskaya A.Ya. 2000. Flora of Voronezh. Izdatel.stvo Voronezhskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta. 198 p. (in Russian).
Grossgeim A.A. 1939. Flora of the Caucasus. V.1. Baku: AzFAN, p. 127 (in Russian).
Gubanov I.A., K.V.Kiseleva, V.S.Novikov, V.N.Tikhomirov. 2002. The illustrated keys to plants of Middle Russia. V.1, Moscow: Tovarishchestvo nauchnykh izdanii KMK, Institut tekhnologicheskikh issledovanii, 526 p. (in Russian).
Hulten E., Fries M. 1986. Atlas of North European Vascular Plants, North of the Tropic of Cancer: Konigstein, V. 1-3: 1172 p.
Krasnoborov I.M. (Ed.). 2000. Keys to plants of Novosibirsk Region. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 492 p. (in Russian).
Maevskii P.F. 1954. Flora of middle belt of the European part of the USSR. Moscow, Leningrad: Gosudarstvennoe Izdatel.stvo Sel.skokhozyaistvennoi Literatury, 912 p. (in Russian).
Mal.tsev A.I. 1937. Atlas of the major weed plants of the USSR. V.1. Moscow, Leningrad: Sel.khozgiz, p. 62 (in Russian).
Nikitin V.V. 1983. Weed plants of the USSR flora. Leningrad: Nauka, 454 P. (in Russian).
Polozhii A.V. 1953. Keys to weed plants of Tomsk Region. Tomsk: Upravlenie sel.skokhozyaistvennoi propagandy Tomskogo oblsel.khozupravleniya, 68 p. (in Russian).
Popov M.G. 1957. Flora of Middle Siberia. V.1. Moscow, Leningrad: AN SSSR, 554 p. (in Russian).
Prokudin Yu.N. (Ed.). 1987. Keys to vascular plants of Ukraine. Kiev: Naukova dumka, 547 p. (in Russian).
Ramenskaya M.L. 1960. Keys to vascular plants of Karelia. Petrozavodsk: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel.stvo Karel.skoi ASSR, 486 p. (in Russian).
Rubtsov N.I. (Ed.). 1972. Keys to vascular plants of the Crimea. Leningrad: Nauka, 550 p. (in Russian).
Shishkin B.K. (Ed.). 1967. Keys to plants of Byelorussia. Minsk: Vysheishaya Shkola. 872 p. (in Russian).
Tolmachev A.I. (Ed.). 1962. Keys to vascular plants of Komi SSR. Moscow, Leningrad: AN SSSR, 360 p. (in Russian).
Ul.yanova T.N. 1998. Weed plants in flora of Russia and other CIS countries. Leningrad:VIR. 344 p. (in Russian).
Volkov A.N. (Ed.). 1935. Areas of distribution of the major weed plants in the USSR. Moscow & Leningrad. 152 p. (in Russian).
Vul.f E.V. 1951. Flora of Crimea. V.1(4). Cereals. Moscow: Sel.khozgiz. p. 48 (in Russian).

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All rights reserved. Copyright 2003 © N.N. Luneva & I.A. Budrevskaya (vector map, description).

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