Area of distribution and weediness of Artemisia vulgaris L.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Subject specialist I.N. Nadtochii
GIS-specialist I.A. Budrevskaya

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Map was created using information from published literature and maps of the following natural scale: 1:80,000,000-1:5,000,000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Areas of species distribution are indicated by polygons, while sporadic distribution is marked by points. Zones of weediness are indicated by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The weed area is subdivided into two zones, one representing species distribution, and the second where the weed is considered a serious pest. Points represent locations where sporadic occurrence has been reported. The zone of weediness was defined according to criteria of occurrence (% of fields where this species is found) and abundance (Tanskii et al., 1998), i.e., where the occurrence of this species exceeded 50% with a field abundance (projective cover) of more than 15%.

Method of map production:

Published literature was reviewed, including atlases, monographs and papers. Occurrence data were obtained from herbarium specimens, floras, monographs and papers. Data were then compiled through scanning and geo-referencing to develop a composite vector map. The biologist, together with the GIS specialist, drew a composite weed distribution area based on compiled data. The distribution area and zone of weediness were outlined on a blank map based on an analysis of references and cartographic materials. The Wormwood area of distribution described by Hulten & Fries (1986) was used as a prototype. It was expanded northeastward based on Tolmachev (1962, 1977) and Hulten & Fries (1986). In Siberia, two isolated sites were combined based on Krylov (1949), V.L. Komarov Botanical Institute and Hulten & Fries (1986), as well as the map of arable lands (Koroljeva et al., 2003). In Central Asia and in the Far East, the areas of distribution were based on the following literature data on the harmfulness of the weed there: Andreev & Moiseenko (1981), Begimkulov (1990), Vasil.chenko (1953, 1975), and Sukhin et al. (1983). Sporadic distribution was identified based on the following sources: Hulten & Fries (1986), Dorogostayskaya (1972), Poyarkova (1966), Krasnoborov (1997), and Harkevich (1992). The zone of weediness was determined using literature data as well as the map of arable lands. The criterion used to determine the weediness area is as follows: A noxious weed in the Rostov and Kemerovo Regions and in the Non-Chernozem zone was identified according to Grin.ko et al. (1987), Kuminova (1958), and Shlyakova (1979); an ineradicable weed in the Leningrad Region according to Agaev (1988); an abundance of 3 points in the Non-Chernozem zone according to Shlyakova (1982); a malicious weed among grain crops in Byelorussia according to Samersov et al. (2000); an abundance of up to 75% in Gomel and Brest Regions according to Kim & Rykovskii (1966); the most widespread weed in the Ukraine according to Mel.nichuk & Kovalivs.ka (1972); the main weed in gardens of the Donetsk Region according to Skorokhod (1951); the most noxious weed in the Saratov Region according to Orlova (1962); the main species in the Nizhnii Novgorod Region, Bashkiria, Western and Eastern Siberia according to Tikhonova (1937), Dmitriev (1937), Krylov (1949) and Nikitin (1983); the main weed in the Ryazan Region, Eastern Siberia, Dagestan, the Far East and in all areas of irrigated agriculture according to Spiridonov & Polyanskii (2004), Belykh (1974), Pogorel.skii (1955), Ul.yanova (1998) and Vasil.chenko (1975); an occurrence of up to 100% in Novosibirsk and Tomsk Regions according to Zvereva (1936); a widespread weed among crops in the Kirov Region, Tajikistan and Kirghizia according to Shabalina (1975), Vasil.chenko (1955), and Sukhin et al. (1983); an abundance of up to 68% in Southern Kazakhstan according to Kornilova (1957); an abundance of 2-3 points in the Toshkent Region according to Begimkulov (1990); the most dangerous weed and main species in the Far East according to Sal.nikova & Zakharkin (1953)and Zakharenko (2004); and a frequently occurring plant among crops of tilled cultures in the Primorskii Territory according to Andreev & Moiseenko (1981).

Reference citations:

Agaev M.G., ed. 1988. Main agricultural weeds in crops of the Leningrad region. Catalogue of VIR world collection. N 468. Leningrad: VIR. 112 p. (In Russian)
Andreev E.R., Moiseenko T.M. 1981. Weeds of agricultural crops of Primorskii Territory and measures of their control. Plant protection in the Far East. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 14-17 p. (In Russian)
Begimkulov Sh.Sh. 1990. Specific structure of weed plants in littering reserves in collective farm "Uzbekistan" of Communist district of the Tashkent Region. Weed plants of Uzbekistan and their control. Tashkent: Tashkent SKHI. 34-39 p. (In Russian)
Belykh A.G. 1974. Weed plants of Eastern Siberia and their control. Irkutsk: Irkutsk Agricultural Institute. 62 p. (In Russian)
Dmitriev G.O. 1937. Main weeds of Bashkortostan and their control. Ufa: Bashgosizdat. 54 p. (In Russian)
Dorogostaiskaya E.V. 1972. Weed plants of the Far North of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 172 p. (In Russian)
Grin.ko N.I., Titov A.Kh., Kvartin V.N., Semernikova A.I., Lapchenkov G.Ya., Dyatlenko V.A. 1987. Weed plants and their control in the Rostov Region. Manual. Persianovka: Donskoi SKHI. 102 p. (In Russian)
Hulten E., Fries M. 1986. Atlas of North European Vascular Plants, North of the Tropic of Cancer. Konigstein. V. 1-3: 1172.
Kharkevich S.S., ed. 1992. Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East. V. 6. Saint Petersburg: Nauka. 250 p. (In Russian)
Kim G.A., Rykovskii G.F. 1966. About field-weed vegetation of peat-marsh soils in Byelorussian woodlands. In: Yurkevich I.D., ed. Geobotanical researches. Minsk: Nauka i tekhnika. 64-72 p. (In Russian)
Kornilova V.S. 1957. Weediness of grain and commercial crops in Southern Kazakhstan. In: Biyashev G.Z., ed. Uchenye zapiski. Biologiya i pochvovedenie (Alma-Ata: Kazakhstan State University) 29: 65-81. (In Russian)
Koroljeva I.E., Vilchevskaya E.V., Ruhovich D.I. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva L.F., Martynjuk K.N., Kisileva N.M., eds. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Krasnoborov, I.M. 1997. Flora of Siberia. V. 13. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 342 p. (In Russian)
Krylov P.N., Shishkin V.K., Sergievskaya L.P., Shteinberg E.I. & I.M. Krasheninnikov. 1949. Flora of Western Siberia. V. 11. Tomsk: TGU. 3094 p. (In Russian)
Kuminova A.V. 1958. Weed and poisonous plants. Kemerovo: Kuzbass. 61 p. (In Russian)
Melnichuk O.S., Kovalivska G.M. 1972. Atlas of the most widespread weeds of the Ukraine. Kiev: Urozhai. 204 p. (In Ukrainian)
Nikitin V.V. 1983. Weeds in the flora of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 454 p. (In Russian)
Orlova I., ed. 1962. On control of weeds in Saratov Region. Saratov: Saratov Publishing House. 23 p. (In Russian)
Pogorel.skii L.G. 1955. Some weed plants of Dagestan and measure of their control. Makhachkala: Dagknigizdat. 56 p. (In Russian)
Poyarkova, A.I., ed. 1966. Flora of the Murmansk Region. V. 5. Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 551 p. (In Russian)
Sal.nikova A.F., Zakharkin F.G. 1953. Main weed plants in the Far East and their control. Khabarovsk: Khabarovsk Publishing House. 56 p. (In Russian)
Samersov V.F., Padenov K.P., Soroka S.V. 2000. Weediness of crops in Byelorussia and methods of its reduction. Zashchita i karantin rastenii 3: 20-22. (In Russian)
Shabalina I.A., ed. 1975. Keys to plants of Kirov Region. Part 2. Kirov: KGPI. 304 p. (In Russian)
Shlyakova E.V. 1979. Weed plants of the Non-Chernozem zone. In: Brezhnev D. D., ed. Byulleten. VIR (Leningrad: VIR) 88: 64-69. (In Russian)
Shlyakova E.V. 1982. Keys to field weed plants of Non-Chernozem zone. Leningrad: Kolos. 208 p. (In Russian)
Skorokhod V. 1951. Weeds of Donets Basin and their control. Makeevka: Stalin Publishing House. 72 p. (In Russian)
Spiridonov Yu.Ya., Polyanskii S.Ya., eds. 2004. Zonal Ryazan.: RASCHKHN, VNIIF, RNIPTI APK. 150 p. (In Russian)
Sukhin V.S., Moiseeva T.M., Vasyuta Z.R. 1983. Weed vegetation of Kyrgyzstan. Frunze: Kirghiz Agricultural Institute. 83 p. (In Russian)
Tanskii V.I., Levitin M.M., Ishkova T.I., Kondratenko V.I. 1998. Phytosanitary diagnostics in integrated management of cereals. In: Novozhilov K.V., ed. Compendium of methodical recommendations in plant protection. St. Petersburg: VIZR. 5-55 p. (In Russian)
Tikhonova Z.E. 1937. Weeds and their control. Gor`kii: Gor`kii Regional Publishing House. 90 p. (In Russian)
Tolmachev A.I., ed. 1962. Keys to vascular plants of Komi SSR. Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 360 p. (In Russian)
Tolmachev, A.I., ed. 1977. Flora of North-East of the European part of the USSR. V. 4. Leningrad: Nauka. 312 p. (In Russian)
Ulyanova T.N. 1998. Weeds in the flora of Russia and other CIS states. St. Petersburg: VIR. 233 p. (In Russian)
V.L. Komarov Botanical Institute RAN [LE], St. Petersburg, Russia.
Vasilchenko I.T., ed. 1955. Weed plants of Tajikistan. V. 1. Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 450 p. (In Russian)
Vasilchenko I.T., Pidotti O.A. 1975. Keys to weed plants of areas of irrigated agriculture. Leningrad: Kolos. 375 p. (In Russian)
Zakharenko V.A., Zakharenko A.V. 2004. Weed control. Zashchita i karantin rastenii 4: 62-142. (In Russian)
Zvereva O.N., Emel.yanov N.F. 1936. Weeds of Western Siberia and measures of their control. Novosibirsk: Western Siberian regional branch. 85 p. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2005© I.N. Nadtochii & I.A. Budrevskaya. N.N. Luneva is the author of image (VIZR).

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