Area of distribution and weediness of Barbarea vulgaris R.Br.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Biological specialist - S.Yu. Larina
GIS-specialist - I.A. Budrevskaya

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Map was created using maps of natural scale 1:5,000,000-1:100,000,000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons, while sporadic distribution is shown by points. Zones of weediness are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The weed area is subdivided into two zones, one representing species distribution, and the second where the weed is considered a serious pest. Points represent locations where sporadic occurrence has been reported. Within the weed area of Barbarea vulgaris, the zones of its weediness were established according to criteria of occurrence (% of fields where this species is found) and abundance (expressed as projective cover of this species in the field (in % to the field area)), where the occurrence of this species exceeded 20% with an abundance (projective cover) of more than 15% (Tanskii et al., 1998).

Method of map production:

Published literature was reviewed, including atlases, monographs and papers. Occurrence data were obtained from herbarium specimens, floras, monographs and papers. The area of distribution of this species was determined based on the maps of Hulten & Fries (1986) and Volkov (1935). The Eastern limit of the area was extended to the territory of the Tymen region according to Ermilov (1961). The areas of weediness were established according to Korovina (1982) and coordinated with the boundaries of the arable land map (Koroljeva et al., 2003). The sites of sporadic distribution of Barbarea vulgaris, in addition to the data of Hulten & Fries (1986), were depicted in the Far East according to Nechaeva (1987) and Kudrin & Yakubov (1995); and in the Caucasus according to Grossgeim (1950). The sporadic distribution of this species in the Northeastern European part of the Former Soviet Union described by Tolmachev (1976) was included in the main area and is supported by Komarov & Bush (1939) and Shlyakova (1990). Data were then compiled through scanning and geo-referencing to develop a composite vector map. The biologist, together with the GIS specialist, drew a composite weed distribution area based on compiled data.

Reference citations:

Agaev M.G., ed. 1988. Main agricultural weeds in crops of the Leningrad Region. In: Catalogue of VIR world collection. N 468. Leningrad: VIR. 112 p. (In Russian)
Barbarea vulgaris. In: Plants For A Future-Species Database. 1997-2000. IBIBLIO. The public's library and digital archive: http://www.ibiblio.org/pfaf/cgi-bin/arr_html?Barbarea+vulgaris
Grossgeim, A.A. 1950. Flora of the Caucasus. V. 4. Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 311 p. (In Russian)
Ermilov G. 1961. Short identification guide to plants of Tyumen region. Tymen: Agricultural Institute Publishing House. 250 p. (In Russian)
Hulten E., Fries M. 1986. Atlas of North European Vascular Plants, North of the Tropic of Cancer. Konigstein. V. 1-3: 1172.
Keller B.A., ed. 1934. Weed plants of the USSR. V. 3. Leningrad: AN SSSR. 448 p. (In Russian)
Komarov, V.L. & N.A. Bush, eds. 1939. Flora of the USSR. V. 8. Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 696 p. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Korovina O.N., ed. 1982. Segetal weed plants of Non-Chernozem region of RSFSR. Catalogue of VIR world collection. N 338. Leningrad: VIR. 117 p. (In Russian)
Korsmo E. 1933. Weed plants of modern farming. Moscow-Leningrad: State Publishing House of Kolchoz & Sovchoz Literature. 416 p. (In Russian)
Kudrin S.G., Yakubov V.V. 1995. Addition to the flora of vascular plants of Khinghan State Reserve. Botanicheskii zhurnal, 80(9): 121-5. (In Russian)
Maltsev A.I. 1939. Atlas of the main weed species of the USSR. V. 2. Moscow-Leningrad: Selkhozgiz. 88 p. (In Russian)
Nechaeva T.I. 1987. About new adventive plant species in Vladivostok. In: Andreev L.N., ed. Bulletin of the Main Botanical Garden of Ac. Sc. USSR. Issue 146. Moscow: Nauka. 43-4 p. (In Russian)
Nikitin, V.V. 1983. Weed plants of the USSR flora. Leningrad: Nauka. 454 p. (In Russian)
Shlyakova E.V. 1990. Segetal weed plants of Komi ASSR and patterns of their distribution. In: Kozubov G.M., ed. The influence of anthropogenic factors on the flora and vegetation of the North. Proceedings of Komi branch of Ac. Sc. USSR. N. 108. Syktyvkar: Komi branch of Ac. Sc. USSR. 47-59 p. (In Russian)
Tanskii V.I., Levitin M.M., Ishkova T.I., Kondratenko V.I. 1998. Phytosanitary diagnostics in integrated managemant of cereals. In: Novozhilov K.V., ed. Compendium of methodical recommendations in plant protection. Saint Petersburg: VIZR. 5-55 p. (In Russian)
Tolmachev, A.I., ed. 1976. Flora of North-East of the European part of the USSR. V. 3. Leningrad: Nauka. 294 p. (In Russian)
Ulyanova, T.N. 1998. Weed plants in flora of Russia and other CIS countries. St. Petersburg: VIR. 343 p. (In Russian)
Volkov A.N., ed. 1935. Areas of distribution of the major weed plants in the USSR. Moscow-Leningrad: Publishing House of Kolchoz & Sovchoz Literature. 153 p. (In Russian)
Zotova A.P. 1971. Weed plants and their control. Leningrad: Lenizdat. 144 p. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2004© S.Yu. Larina & I.A. Budrevskaya.
The image is taken from the book of A.I. Maltsev (1939) "Atlas of the main weed species of the USSR. V. 2".

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