Area of distribution and weediness of Bolboschoenus maritimus (L.) Palla.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist A.Yu. Doronina,
GIS-specialist I.A. Budrevskaya.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on materials of maps of natural scale 1:15 000 000-1:100 000 000 and on information taken from open-published literature.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons and sporadic distribution by points. Zones of weediness are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The weed area is subdivided into two zones, one representing species distribution, and the second where weed is considered a serious pest. Points represent locations where sporadic occurrence has been reported. Zone of weediness was determined within the area according to criteria of occurrence (% of fields where this species is found) and abundance (Tanskii et al., 1998), i.e., where the occurrence of this species exceeded 50% with its field abundance (projective cover) being 4-5 points.

Method of map production:

Published literature was reviewed, including Atlases, monographs and papers. Occurrence data were obtained from herbarium specimens, floras, monographs and papers. The following sources were used to determine the species area: Hulten & Fries (1986), Grossgeim (1940), Poyarkova (1954), Tolmachev (1976), Peshkova & Malishev (1990). The northern, southern, western and eastern boundaries of area were outlined according to the following sources: Hulten & Fries (1986), extended according to Komarov (1936) (northern, southern, western and eastern boundaries), Poyarkova (1954), Tolmachev (1976), Popov (1957), Peshkova & Malyshev (1990) (northern boundaries), Grossgeim (1940), Shreder (1941), Shishkin (1952), Pavlov (1958), Nikitin & Gel.dikhanov (1988) (southern boundary), Bordzilovs.kii (1940) (southern and western boundaries), Schishkin (1949), Geideman (1975) (western boundary). The sporadic distribution was determined according to the following sources: Hulten & Fries (1986), Grossgeim (1940), Poyarkova (1954), Tolmachev (1976), Peshkova & Malishev (1990). The zone of weediness was determined based on the following sources: Nikitin (1983), Ul.anova (1993, 1998), Vasilchenko & Pidotti (1975), Shatalov (1987), Bazdyrev (2004); and adjusted according to data on abundance, frequency of occurrence or weediness of the weed. Data were then compiled through scanning and geo-referencing to develop a composite vector map. The biologist, together with the GIS specialist, drew a composite weed distribution area based on compiled data.

Reference citations:

Bazdyrev G.I., Zotov L.I., Polin V.D. 2004. Weed plants and their control in modern agriculture. Moscow: MSKHA. 288 p. (In Russian)
Bordzilovs.kii, E.I., ed. 1940. Flora of the URSR. V. 2. Kiev: AN URSR. 590 p. (In Ukrainian)
Geideman T.S., ed. 1975. Keys to higher plants of Moldavia. Kishinev: Shtiintsa. 576 p. (In Russian)
Grossgeim, A.A. 1939. Flora of the Caucasus. V. 2. Baku: AzFAN. 284 p. (In Russian)
Hulten E., Fries M. 1986. Atlas of North European Vascular Plants, North of the Tropic of Cancer. Konigstein. V. 1-3: 1172.
Komarov, V.L., ed. 1935. Flora of the USSR. V. 3. Leningrad: AN SSSR. 636 p. (In Russian).
Nikitin V.V. 1983. Weed plants of the USSR flora. Leningrad: Nauka. 454 p. (In Russian)
Nikitin V.V., Geldikhanov A.M. 1988. Keys to plants of Turkmenistan. Leningrad: Nauka. 670 p. (In Russian)
Pavlov, N.V., ed. 1958. Flora of Kazakhstan. V. 2. Alma-Ata: AN Kaz. SSR. 292 p. (In Russian)
Peshkova, G.A. & L.I. Malyshev, eds. 1990. Flora of Siberia. V. 3. Cyperaceae. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 280 p. (In Russian)
Popov, M.G. 1957. Flora of Middle Siberia. V. 1. Moscow-Leningrad: AS SSSR. 556 p. (In Russian)
Poyarkova, A.I., ed. 1954. Flora of the Murmansk Region. V. 2. Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 370 p. (In Russian)
Shatalov T.A., ed. 1987. Weed plants and their control in Rostov Region. Rostov-na-Donu: Persianovka. 102 p. (In Russian)
Shishkin, B.K., ed. 1949. Flora of BSSR. V. 1. Moscow: Sel.khozgiz. 432 p. (In Russian)
Shishkin, B.K., ed. 1952. Flora of Kirgiz SSR. V. 2. Frunze: Kirgizfan. 315 p. (In Russian)
Shreder R.R., ed. 1941. Flora of Uzbekistan. V. 1. Tashkent: AN Uzbekistan. 568 p. (In Russian)
Tanskii V.I., Levitin M.M., Ishkova T.I., Kondratenko V.I. 1998. Phytosanitary diagnostics in integrated management of cereals. In: Novozhilov K.V., ed. Compendium of methodical recommendations in plant protection. St. Petersburg: VIZR. 5-55 p. (In Russian)
Tolmachev, A.I., ed. 1976. Flora of Northeast of the European part of the USSR. V. 2. Leningrad: Nauka. 180 p. (In Russian)
Ulyanova T.N. 1981. Weed plants in wheat of the USSR. In: Korovina O.N., ed. Catalogue of VIR world collection. N 320. Leningrad: VIR. 68 p. (In Russian)
Ulyanova T.N. 1983. Weed plants of the Soviet Far East. In: Korovina O.N., ed. Catalogue of VIR world collection. N 374. Leningrad: VIR. 46 p. (In Russian)
Ulyanova T.N. 1989. Field weed plants of cotton in the USSR. In: Agaev M.G., ed. Catalogue of VIR world collection. N 499. Leningrad: VIR. 40 p. (In Russian)
Ulyanova T.N. 1993. Useful weed plants in flora of the USSR. In: Catalogue of world collection of VIR. N 643. Saint-Petersburg: VIR. 160 p. (In Russian)
Ulyanova T.N. 1998. Weeds in the flora of Russia and other CIS states. St. Petersburg: VIR. 344 p. (In Russian)
Vasilchenko I.Т., Pidotti O.A. 1975. Manual of the weed plants of irrigate agriculture. Leningrad: Kolos. 376 p. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2005 © A.Yu. Doronina & I.A. Budrevskaya (vector map, description). Pictures taken from http://www.dijon.infa.fr/malherbo/hyppa/hyppa-alscpma_ah.htm

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