Area of distribution and weediness zones of Bromus secalinus L.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist - N.N. Luneva,
GIS-specialist - I.A. Budrevskaya.

Data of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

Created using maps of natural scale 1:10 000 000-1:80 000 000 and on literature data.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic on the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of distribution is shown by polygons (basic distribution) and by points (sporadic distribution). Zones of weed severity are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The area is divided into areas of basic distribution, sporadic distribution, and zones of weed severity. Zones of distribution and weed severity were established according to the analysis of open-published maps and literature. Initial maps used were Hulten & Fries (1986) and Volkov (1935). Northern limit is established by Hulten & Fries M (1986), eastern and southern by Volkov (1935). In Caucasus the area is established by Volkov (1935) as well by what is verified by Hulten & Fries (1986) and Grossgeim (1949). The area of sporadic distribution is established according to the above-mentioned sources and those given below.

Method of map production:

Published literature was reviewed, including Atlases, monographs and papers. Occurrence data were obtained from herbarium specimens, floras, monographs and papers. Data were then compiled through scanning and geo-referencing to develop a composite vector map. The biologist together with the GIS specialist, drew a composite weed distribution area based on compiled data.

Reference citations:

Budto I.S., ed. 1969. Identification book on weed plants of Pribaikalye. A tutorial. Irkutsk: Irkkutsk Agric.Inst. 46 pp.
Fedorova, An.A., ed. 1974. Flora of the European part of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. V.1: 181.
Galushko, A.I. 1980. Flora of North Caucasus. Rostov-na-Donu: Rostov University. V.2: 352.
Grossgeim, A.A. 1939. Flora of Caucasus. Baku: AzFan. V.1: 402.
Gubanov I.A., Kiseleva K.V., Nopvikov V.S., Tichomirov V.N. 2002. Illustrated identification book on plants of Middle Russia. Moscow. V.1: 526.
Hulten E., Fries M. 1986. Atlas of North European Vascular Plants, North of the Tropik of cancer. Konigstein. V. 1-3: 1172.
Komarov, V.L., ed. 1934. Flora of the USSR. Moscow-Leningrad: Ac.Sc.USSR. V.2: 576.
Kott S.A. 1951. Rye brome and its control in winter cereals. Selektsia i Semenovodstvo N.5: 56-59.
Krasnoborov I.M., Kashina L.I., ed. 1979. Identification book on plants of the south of Krasnoyarsk region. Novosibirsk, Nauka. 670 pp.
Loktev N.N. 1961. Adaptation of rye brome to winter wheat infestation. Agrobiologia N.1: 137 pp.
Maevsky, P.F. 1954. Flora of the middle zone of the USSR. Moscow-Leningrad. 912 pp.
Maltsev A.I. 1937. Atlas of the major weed species of the USSR. Moscow-Leningrad: Sel'khozgiz. V.1: 168.
Malyshev, L.I. & G.A. Peshkova, ed. 1979. Flora of Central Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka. V.1: 536.
Nikitin, V.V. 1983. Weeds in the flora of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 454 pp.
Pavlov, N.V., ed. 1956. Flora of Kazakhstan. Alma-Ata: Ac.Sc.Kaz.SSR. 454 pp.
Polozhyi A.V. 1953. Identification book on plants of Tomsk regions. Tomsk: Tomskoe oblselchozupravleniye. 68 pp.
Ramenskaya M.L. 1959. Identification book on plants of Karelia. Etrozavodsk: 86 pp.
Tolmachev A.I., ed. 1966. Identification book on plants of Primorye and Priamurye. Moscow-Leningrad: Nauka. 452 pp.
Ulyanova T.N. 1981. Weed plants of wheat in the USSR (list and distribution). Catalogue of VIR World Collection. Leningrad: VIR. 68 pp.
Ulyanova T.N. 1982. Arable weeds of Non-Chernozem region of RSFSR. Catalogue of VIR World Collection. Leningrad: VIR. 116 pp.
Ulyanova T.N. 1998. Weeds in the flora of Russia and other FSU states. Saint Petersburg: VIR. 343 pp.
Vasilyeva A.I., Matsenko A.E. 1964. Identification book on weeds of Tselinnyi Krai. In: I.T. Vasilchenko, editor. Keys to Weed Plants of the Virgin Lands. Moscow-Leningrad: Nauka. 130 pp.
Volkov A.N., ed. 1935. The regions of the distribution of the main weeds in the USSR. Moscow-Leningrad: Publishing House of Kolchoz & Sovchoz Literature. 153 pp.

Right and copyright:

Copyright on this map and description belongs to its authors.

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