Area of distribution and weediness of Buglossoides arvensis (L.) Johnston

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist N.N. Luneva, GIS-specialist I.A. Budrevskaya.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on information taken from open-published literature and maps of scale 1:13 000 000 - 1:80 000000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons, and sporadic distribution by points. Zones of weediness are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The weed area is subdivided into two zones, one representing species distribution, and the second where weed is considered a serious pest. Points represent locations where sporadic occurrence has been reported. The zones of weediness were determined based on criteria of occurence (50% of fields where this species is found) and abundance, expressed as projective cover of this species in the field (more than 15% to the field area (Tanskii et al., 1998)).

Method of map production:

Published literature was reviewed, including Atlases, monographs and papers. Occurrence data were obtained from herbarium specimens, floras, monographs and papers. The maps of Hulten & Fries (1986) and Volkov (1935) were used as prototypes for this map. The zone of B. arvensis.s main distribution in the north and northeast of the European part of Russia and in Ural was determined based on the following sources: Hulten & Fries (1986), Tolmachev (1977), Bakin et al. (2000), Geideman (1954), Grigor.evskaya (2000), Dorogostaiskaya (1972), Shishkin (1957, 1963), Rodionova (2001), Rzhavitin (1977), Shadrin (2003). In Western and Middle Siberia the border was determined based on the following sources: Volkov (1935), Hulten & Fries (1986), Kushnirenko (1949), Lomonosova (1984), Polozhii (1953), Krasnoborov & Kashina (1979), Krasnoborov (2001) and herbarium data. Distribution in Central Asia was determined based on the following sources: Vasil.eva & Matsenko (1964), Ul.yanova (1998), Hulten & Fries (1986). Distribution of this species in Ciscaucasia and Transcaucasia was determined based on the following sources: Hulten & Fries (1986), Maisuryan (1927), Galushko (1978), Zozulin & Fedyaeva (1985). The zone of sporadic distribution was defined based on the following sources: Hulten & Fries (1986), Tolmachev (1977) and herbarium data. The zone of weediness was specified according to Nikitin (1983), was confirmed by the data of below-mentioned references except "Florae" and "Keys" and was corrected according to the map of the areas of cultivation of agricultural crops (first of all, of grain crops). Data were then compiled through scanning and geo-referencing to develop a composite vector map. The biologist, together with the GIS specialist, drew a composite weed distribution area based on compiled data.

Reference citations:

Bakin O.V., Rogova T.V., Sitnikova A.P. 2000. Vascular plants of Tatarstan. Kazan: Kazan University. 496 pp. (In Russian)
Dorogostaiskaya E.V. 1972. Weed plants of the Far North of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 172 p. (In Russian)
Fisyunov A.V. 1984. Weed control reference book. Moscow: Kolos. 254 p. (In Russian)
Galushko A.I. 1980. Flora of the Northern Caucasus. V. 2. Rostov: Izdatel.stvo Rostovskogo Universiteta. 350 p. (In Russian)
Geideman, T.S. 1954. Keys to plants of Moldavian SSR. Moscow-Leningrad. 468 pp. (In Russian)
Grigor.evskaya, A.Ya. 2000. Flora of Voronezh. Izdatel.stvo Voronezhskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta. 198 p. (In Russian)
Hulten E., Fries M. 1986. Atlas of North European Vascular Plants, North of the Tropic of Cancer. Konigstein. V. 1-3: 1172.
Krasnoborov I.M., ed. 2001. Keys to plants of Kemeroo Region. Novosibirsk: SO RAN. 478 p. (In Russian)
Krasnoborov I.M., Kashina L.I. 1979. Keys to plants of southern Krasnoyarsk Territory. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 670 p. (In Russian)
Kushnirenko V.P. 1949. Useful and harmful wild plants of training experimental farm of Kurgan Agricultural Institute. Trudy Kurganskogo sel.skokhozyaistvennogoinstituta, Issue 1. Kurgan: Izdatel.stvo gazety "Krasnyi kurgan". 191-240 pp. (In Russian)
Lomonosova M.N., Krasnoborov I.M., Pen.kovskaya E.F. 1984. Keys to plants of Tuva Republic. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 335 p. (In Russian)
Maisuryan, N.A. 1927. Keys to main weed plants of Transcaucasia. Tiflis. 102 p. (In Russian)
Nikitin V.V. 1983. Weed plants in the flora of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 454 p. (In Russian)
Polozhii A.V. 1953. Keys to weed plants of Tomsk Region. Tomsk: Upravlenie sel.skokhozyaistvennoi propagandy Tomskogo oblsel.khozupravleniya. 68 p. (In Russian)
Rodionova A.E. 2001. Segetal plants of Upper Volga Basin Region. St. Petersburg: VIZR. 99 p. (In Russian)
Rzhavitin, V.N., ed. 1968. Flora of Mordovian ASSR. Saransk: Mordovian Publishing House. 138 p. (In Russian)
Shadrin V.A. 2003. Objective and subjective estimation of plants-apophytes. In: Novikova A.V., Shcherbakova V.S., eds. Problems of studying adventive and synanthropic florae in CIS regions. Materials of scientific conference. Moscow-Tula: Botanical garden MGU & Grif & Ko. 121-122 p. (In Russian)
Shishkin, B.K., ed. 1957. Flora of the Leningrad Region. V. 2. Leningrad: Leningrad University. 240 p. (In Russian)
Shishkin B.K., ed. 1963. Botanical atlas. Moscow-Leningrad: Selkhozgiz. 504 pp. (In Russian)
Tanskii V.I., Levitin M.M., Ishkova T.I., Kondratenko V.I. 1998. Phytosanitary diagnostics in integrated managemant of cereals. In: Novozhilov K.V., ed. Compendium of methodical recommendations in plant protection. Saint-Petersburg: VIZR. 5-55 p. (In Russian)
Tolmachev, A.I., ed. 1977. Flora of North-East of the European part of the USSR. V. 4. Leningrad: Nauka. 312 p. (In Russian)
Ulyanova T.N. 1981. Weed plants in wheat of the USSR. In: Korovina O.N., ed. Catalogue of world collection of VIR, Issue 320. Leningrad: VIR. 69 p. (In Russian)
Vasil.eva L.I., Matsenko A.E. 1964. Keys to weed plants of the Virgin Lands. Moscow-Leningrad: Nauka. 132 pp. (In Russian)
Volkov A.N., ed. 1935. Areas of distribution of the major weed plants in the USSR. Moscow-Leningrad: State Publishing House of Kolkhoz and Sovkhoz Literature. 152 p. (In Russian)
Zozulin, G.M. & V.V. Fedyaeva, eds. 1985. Flora of Lower Don. Keys. Part 2. Rostov: Rostov University. 240 p. (In Russian)

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Copyright 2004 © N.N. Luneva & I.A. Budrevskaya (vector map, description).

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