Area of distribution and weediness of Cardaria draba (L.) Desv.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist - S.Yu. Larina,
GIS-specialist - I.A. Budrevskaya

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on materials of maps of natural scale 1:5 000 000 - 1:100 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons, and sporadic distribution by points. Zones of weediness are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The weed area is subdivided into two zones, one representing the species distribution, and the second where weed is considered a serious pest. Points represent locations where sporadic occurrence has been reported.
Within the weed area of Cardaria draba the zones of its weediness were established according to criteria of occurrence (% of fields where this species is found) and abundance (expressed as projective cover of this species in the field (in % to the field area)) where the occurrence of this species exceeded 20% and with its abundance (projective cover) more than 15% (Tanskii et al., 1998).

Method of map production:

The area of distribution for this species was determined according to the maps of Hulten & Fries (1986) and Volkov (1935). The northern limit of the area within the Ukraine was adjusted according to Hulten & Fries (1986) and was confirmed according to the data of Visyulina (1970). The area of weediness was established according to Nikitin (1983) and coordinated with the limits of arable lands (Koroljeva et al., 2003). The sites of sporadic distribution of Cardaria draba, in addition to the data of Hulten & Fries (1986) and Volkov (1935) were determined within the European part of Russia according to the following literature sources: in central and northern regions according to Belozerov (1966), Bogachev et al. (1962), Vaisberg et al. (1981), Gusev (1968, 1973), Gushchina (1973), Malysheva (1979), Khmelev & Berezutskii (1995); in the territory of the Volga region according to Efimova (1972), Markov (1979), Papchenkov (1990), Papchenkov & Dimitriev (1989). The sporadic distribution of this species in the Far East, in addition to the data of Kharkevich (1988), was determined according to Nechaeva (1985) and Malyshev & Peshkova (1994) in Siberia. In the Baltic states the sites of sporadic distribution of C. draba were determined according to the following sources: Motekaitite (1985), Tabaka et al. (1988), Shults (1977); in Belorussia they were determined according to Parfenov (1985). The sites of sporadic distribution of this species within the Caucasus described by Grossgeim (1950) were included in the main area and this is supported by the data of Volkov (1935) and Hulten & Fries (1986). Sporadic distribution of C. draba in the North-East of Kazakhstan as described according to Hulten & Fries (1986) was also included in the main area and this is confirmed by the data of Volkov (1935). Data were then compiled through scanning and geo-referencing to develop a composite vector map. The biologist, together with the GIS specialist, drew a composite weed distribution area based on compiled data.

Reference citations:

Belozerov P.I. 1966. New plant species for the flora of Kostroma region. Botanicheskii zhurnal, 51(6): 875-6. (In Russian)
Bogachev V.K., Belovashina N.M., Dubrovina A.V., Ostryakova G.A. 1962. New data about the locations of rare for Yaroslavl region species. Botanicheskii zhurnal, 47(11): 1666-9. (In Russian)
Efimova T.P. 1972. Identification book of plants of Udmurtia. Izhevsk: Udmurtia. 224 p. (In Russian)
Grossgeim, A.A. 1950. Flora of the Caucasus. V. 4. Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 311 p. (In Russian)
Gusev Yu.D. 1968. New and rare adventitious plants of Leningrad and Karelia flora. Botanicheskii zhurnal, 53(2): 267-9. (In Russian)
Gusev Yu.D. 1973. New additions to adventive flora of north-west regions of European Russia. Botanicheskii zhurnal, 58(6): 904-9. (In Russian)
Gushchina, E.G. 1973. To the flora of Ryazan region. Bulletin MOIP. Sect. Biol., 78(4): 150-1. (In Russian)
Hulten E., Fries M. 1986. Atlas of North European Vascular Plants, North of the Tropic of Cancer. Konigstein. V. 1-3: 1172.
Keller B.A., ed. 1934. Weed plants of the USSR. V. 3. Leningrad: AN SSSR. 448 p. (In Russian)
Kharkevich S.S., ed. 1988. Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East. V. 3. Leningrad: Nauka. 421 p. (In Russian)
Khmelev K.F., Berezutskii M.A. 1995. Anthropogenic transformation in flora of Saratov environs during last 100 years. Ecologia, 5: 363-7. (In Russian)
Komarov, V.L. & N.A. Bush, eds. 1939. Flora of the USSR. V. 8. Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 696 p. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Malyshev, L.I. & G.A. Peshkova, eds. 1994. Flora of Siberia. V. 7. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 312 p. (In Russian)
Malysheva V.G. 1979. New and rare adventive plants of Kalinin region. Botanicheskii zhurnal, 64(3): 438-41. (In Russian)
Markov M.V., ed. 1979. Identification book on plants of Tatar ASSR. Kazan: Kazan University. 372 p. (In Russian)
Melnichuk O.S., Kovalivska G.M. 1972. Atlas of the most widespread weeds of the Ukraine. Kiev: Urozhai. 27-28 p. (In Ukrainian)
Mordovets A.A. 1964. Heart-podded hoary cress (Cardaria draba (L.) Desv.) - dangerous agricultural weed in arid steppe. Botanicheskii zhurnal, 49(7): 1057-60. (In Russian)
Motekaitite V.P. 1985. About locations of new and rare ruderal species in Lithuanian SSR. Botanicheskii zhurnal, 70(4): 535-8. (In Russian)
Nechaeva T.I. 1985. The additions to the flora of Vladivostok and its environs. In: Grubov V.I., ed. News of systematization of higher plants. V. 22. Leningrad: Nauka. 257-61 p. (In Russian)
Nikitin, V.V. 1983. Weed plants of the USSR flora. Leningrad: Nauka. 454 p. (In Russian)
Papchenkov V.G. 1990. About floristic findings in Mari ASSR. Botanicheskii zhurnal, 75(12): 1773-8. (In Russian)
Papchenkov V.G., Dimitriev A.V. 1989. New and rare species of adventitious plants in autonomous republics of Middle Volga region. Botanichesky zhurnal, 74(4): 547-53. (In Russian)
Parfenov V.I., Kim G.A., Rykovskii G.F. 1985. Anthropogenic changes in flora and vegetation of Belorussia. Minsk: Nauka I Tekhnika. 294 p. (In Russian)
Rubtsov N.I., ed. 1971. Wild useful plants of Crimea (short guide). Transactions of Nikitskii Botanical Garden. V. XLIX. Yalta: Nikitskii Botanical Garden. 280 p. (In Russian)
Shults A.A. 1977. Adventive flora of Riga. Botanichesky zhurnal, 62(10): 1513-23. (In Russian)
Tabaka, L.V., Gavrilova, G.B. & I.Ya. Fatare. 1988. Flora of vascular plants of Latvian SSR. Riga: Zinatne. 196 p. (In Russian)
Tanskii V.I., Levitin M.M., Ishkova T.I., Kondratenko V.I. 1998. Phytosanitary diagnostics in integrated managemant of cereals. In: Novozhilov K.V., ed. Compendium of methodical recommendations in plant protection. Saint Petersburg: VIZR. 5-55 p. (In Russian)
Vaisberg L.V., Martynenko V.A., Rocheva G.P. 1981. New adventive plants in Komi ASSR. Botanicheskii zhurnal, 66(8): 1220-1. (In Russian)
Visyulina O.D., ed. 1970. Weeds of Ukraine (reference-identification guide). Kiev: Naukova Dumka. 508 p. (In Ukrainian)
Volkov A.N., ed. 1935. Areas of distribution of the major weed plants in the USSR. Moscow-Leningrad: Publishing House of Kolchoz & Sovchoz Literature. 153 p. (In Russian)

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