Area of distribution and weediness of Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist - O.E. Kravchenko
GIS-specialist - I.A. Budrevskaya

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Map was created using published data.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Main content:

Vector map. Main distribution area is shown by polygons, while sporadic distribution is shown by points. Zone of weediness is shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The distribution of the species is divided into zones of main distribution, sporadic distribution, and weediness.

Mapping procedure:

Zones of distribution and weediness were allocated following an analysis of published cartographical materials and literature. Three species are included under the name Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. s. str., according to Cherepanov (1995) and others (Keller et al., 1935; Maltsev, 1937; Nikitin, 1983; etc.). These three species include Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. (Cirsium arvense var. horridum Koch.), Cirsium incanum (S.G.Gmel.) Fisch. (Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. subsp. incanum (S.G.Gmel.) Petrak ex Iljin), and Cirsium setosum (Willd.) Bess. (Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. var. setosum (Willd.) Iljin.). They were described earlier by some authors (Grossgeim, 1949; Maevskii, 1954; etc.) as subspecies. The species map was constructed based on references from the list below, materials of the herbarium of weed plants in VIR, and the database, .Information search system on flora and fauna in reservations of Russia.. In Russia, the weed is distributed throughout the European part (Baltic, Ladoga-Ilmen around Saint Petersburg, Upper-Dnepr, and Carpathian areas) and the Caucasus (Keller et al., 1935; Nikitin, 1983). It is found sporadically in Central Asia and in southwestern Siberia. In the Far East, it is an adventive plant (Tolmachev, 1974; Kharkevich, 1992). It is distributed throughout mixed and broad-leaved forests and steppes. Xero- and mesophyte; meadow-steppe species. It is a malicious, ruderal and segetal weed of non-irrigated agriculture that is hard to eradicate. It is one of the main weeds of fields and meadows in Western European Russia, in the Carpathian Mountains, Transcarpathia, and Transcaucasia (Nikitin, 1983). Thus, the plant exhibits increased weediness on arable lands in the area of main distribution.

Related references.

Cherepanov, S.K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (of the former USSR). Saint-Petersburg: Mir i semja-95. 991 pp. (in Russian).
Grossgeim, A.A. 1949. Keys to plants of the Caucasus. Moscow: Sowetskaja nauka. 747 pp. (in Russian).
Karyagin I.I. ed. 1961. Flora of Azerbaijan. Baku: AN Azerbaijan SSR. V.8. 690 pp. (in Russian).
Keller, B.A., Lyubimenko, V.N., Maltsev, A.I., Fedtshenko, B.A., Shishkin, B.K., Rodzevich, R.Yu. & Kamenskii, K.V., eds. 1935. Weed plants of the USSR. Moscow - Leningrad: AN USSR. V.4. 414 pp. (in Russian).
Kharkevich, S.S., ed. 1992. Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East. Saint-Petersburg: Nauka. V.8. 384 pp. (in Russian).
Komarov, B.M. 1967. Keys to plants of Northern Tajikistan. Dushanbe: Donish. 400 pp. (in Russian).
Krasnoborov, I.M., ed. 1997. Flora of Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka. V.13. 472 pp. (in Russian).
Maevskii, P.F. 1954. Flora of middle belt of the European part of the USSR. Moscow - Leningrad: Selkhosgiz. 912 pp. (in Russian).
Maltsev, A.I. 1937. Atlas of the major species of weed plants of the USSR. Moscow - Leningrad: Selkhosgiz. V.1. 168 pp. (in Russian).
Nikitin, V.V. 1983. Weed plants of the USSR flora. Leningrad: Nauka. 454 pp. (in Russian).
Orlova, N.I. 1993. Abstract of flora of the Vologda area. In: Works of SPb societies of scientists. V.77, rel.3. Saint-Petersburg. 262 pp. (in Russian).
Ovesnov, S.A. 1997. Synopsis of flora of the Perm Region. Perm: Publishing house of the Perm University. 252 pp. (in Russian).
Pavlov N.V. ed. 1966. Flora of of Kazakhstan. Alma-Ata: Nauka. V.9. 640 pp. (in Russian).
Petrosyan, V.G., Korneeva, T.M., Nukhimovskaya, Yu.D., Pavlov, A.V., Bessonov, S.A. 2004. Data base .Information search system on flora and fauna in reservations of Russia. http://www.sevin.ru/natreserves/content4.html
Ramenskii, L.G., Tsatsenkin, I.A., Chizhikov, O.N. & Antipin, N.A. 1956. Ecological evaluation of the fodder lands by vegetation cover. Moscow. 472 pp. (in Russian).
Rubtsov, N.I., ed. 1972. Keys to vascular plants of the Crimea. Leningrad: Nauka. 552 pp. (in Russian).
Shishkin, B.K., ed. 1960. Flora Turkmenia. Ashkhabad: Turkmen branch of AN SSSR. V.5. 423 pp. (in Russian).
Syusev, P.V. 1912. Abstract of flora of Ural within the limits of the Perm Region. In: Materials to knowledge of flora and fauna of Russian empire. Rel.7. Moscow. 206 pp. (in Russian).
Takhtadzhyan, A.L. & Fedorov, A.A. 1972. Flora of Erevan. Leningrad: Nauka. 396 pp. (in Russian).
Tolmachev, A.I., ed. 1974. Keys to higher plants of Sakhalin and Kurile islands. Leningrad: Nauka. 372 pp. (in Russian).
Tolmachev, A.I., ed. 1977. Flora of North-East of the European part of the USSR Leningrad: Nauka. V.4. 312 pp. (in Russian).
Tsvelev, N.N. 2000. Keys to the vascular plants of North-West Russia (Leningrad, Pskov and Novgorod Regions). Saint-Petersburg. 781 pp. (in Russian).
Ulyanova, T.N. 1998. Weed plants in flora of Russia and other FSU countries. Saint-Peterburg: VIR. 233 pp. (in Russian).
Vvedenskii, A.I. ed. 1962. Flora of Uzbekistan. V.6. Tashkent: AN Uzbek SSR. 632 pp. (in Russian).
Vvedenskii, A.I. ed. 1965. Flora of Kirghiz SSR. V.11. Frunze: Ylym. 611 pp. (in Russian).

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