Area of distribution and weediness of Cirsium setosum (Willd.) Bess.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Biologist - O.E. Kravchenko
GIS-specialist - I.A. Budrevskaya.

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Created based on materials of map of natural scale 1:8,000,000-1:55,000,000 and on literature data.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR" 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Main content:

Vector map. Area is shown by polygons (main distribution) and points (sporadic distribution). Zone of weediness is shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The distribution of the species is divided into zones of main distribution, sporadic distribution, and weediness area.

Method of map production:

Zones of distribution and weediness allocated according to results of the analysis of open-published cartographical materials and literature. Three species are described, based on the former name Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. s. str., according to data of Cherepanov (1995) and other authors (Keller et al., 1935; Maltsev, 1937; Nikitin, 1983; etc.). These are Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. (Cirsium arvense var. horridum Koch.), Cirsium incanum (S.G.Gmel.) Fisch. (Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. subsp. incanum (S.G.Gmel.) Petrak ex Iljin), and Cirsium setosum (Willd.) Bess. (Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. var. setosum (Willd.) Iljin.). They were described earlier by some authors (Grossgeim, 1949; Maevskii, 1954; etc.) as subspecies. The species maps of Hulten & Fries (1986) and Volkov (1935) were used as a model. They were supplemented with data of Kharkevitch (1992) and Tolmachev (1977). Specifications were made according to references from the list below, materials of the Herbarium of weed plants in VIR, and Database .Information search system on flora and fauna in reservations of Russia.. Cirsium setosum is widely distributed in forests and in steppes, especially in southern taiga and forest-steppes. The species is distributed in the entire territory of the former USSR, i.e., the European part, the Caucasus, the south of Siberia, the south of the Far East. It is sporadically distributed in Central Asia, in Sakhalin, Kamchatka, and in Murmansk Region. Northern border of the area was allocated according to data of Volkov (1935). The southern border of the area was allocated according to data of Hulten & Fries (1986). Cirsium setosum is one of the main harmful weeds in the territory of the former USSR (Maltsev, 1937; Nikitin, 1983; Ulyanova, 1998). It litters all crops but is more abundant in winter grain and in perennial grasses. Its weediness is especially great on arable lands in southern taiga and forest-steppes.

Reference citations.

Cherepanov, S.K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (of the former USSR). Saint-Petersburg: Mir i semja-95. 991 pp. (in Russian).
Geideman, T.S. 1954. Keys to plants of Moldavian SSR. Moscow & Leningrad. 468 pp. (in Russian).
Grossgeim A.A. 1949. Keys to plants of the Caucasus. Moscow: Sovetskaya nauka, 747 pp. (in Russian).
Hulten E. & Fries M. 1986. Atlas of North European Vascular Plants, North of the Tropik of Cancer: Konigstein. V. 1-3. 1172 pp.
Keller, B.A., Lyubimenko, V.N., Maltsev, A.I., Fedtshenko, B.A., Shishkin, B.K., Rodzevich, R.Yu. & Kamenskii, K.V., eds. 1935. Weed plants of the USSR. Moscow - Leningrad: AN USSR. V.4. 414 pp. (in Russian).
Kharkevitch, S.S., ed. 1992. Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East. Saint-Petersburg: Nauka. V.8. 384 pp. (in Russian).
Krasnoborov I.M., ed. 1984. Keys to plants of Tuva ASSR. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 336 pp. (In Russian)
Krasnoborov, I.M., ed. 1997. Flora of Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka. V.13. 472 pp. (in Russian).
Maevskii, P.F. 1954. Flora of middle belt of the European part of the USSR. Moscow - Leningrad: Selkhosgiz. 912 pp. (in Russian).
Maltsev, A.I. 1937. Atlas of the major species of weed plants of the USSR. Moscow - Leningrad: Selkhosgiz. V.1. 168 pp. (in Russian).
Nikitin, V.V. 1983. Weed plants of the USSR flora. Leningrad: Nauka. 454 pp. (in Russian).
Orlova, N.I. 1993. Abstract of flora of the Vologda area. In: Works of SPb societies of scientists. V.77, rel.3. Saint-Petersburg: SPbOIP. 262 pp. (in Russian).
Ovesnov, S.A. 1997. Synopsis of flora of the Perm Region. Perm: Publishing house of the Perm University. 252 pp. (in Russian).
Pavlov N.V., ed. 1965. Flora of Kazakhstan. V. 9. Alma-Ata: AN Kaz.SSR. 640 pp. (in Russian).
Petrosyan, V.G., Korneeva, T.M., Nukhimovskaya, Yu.D., Pavlov, A.V., Bessonov, S.A. 2004. Data base .Information search system on flora and fauna in reservations of Russia. http://www.sevin.ru/natreserves/content4.html (in Russian).
Ramenskaya, M.L. 1959. Keys to vascular plants of Karelia.Petrozavodsk:
Gos. izd. Karelskoi ASSR. 486 pp. (in Russian).
Ramenskii, L.G., Tsatsenkin, I.A., Chizhikov, O.N. & Antipin, N.A. 1956. Ecological evaluation of the fodder lands by vegetation cover. Moscow. 472 pp. (in Russian).
Shishkin, B.K., ed. 1960. Flora of Turkmenia. Ashkhabad: Turkmenian AN SSSR. V.5. 423 pp. (in Russian).
Syusev, P.V. 1912. Abstract of flora of Ural within the limits of the Perm Region. In: Materials to knowledge of flora and fauna of Russian empire. Rel.7. Moscow. 206 pp. (in Russian).
Tolmachev, A.I., ed. 1974. Keys to higher plants of Yakutia.Novosibirsk: Nauka. 544 pp. (in Russian).
Tolmachev A.I., ed. 1977. Flora of North-East of the European part of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. V.4. 312 pp. (in Russian).
Tsvelev, N.N. 2000. Keys to the vascular plants of North-West Russia (Leningrad, Pskov and Novgorod Regions). Saint-Petersburg. 781 pp. (in Russian).
Ulyanova, T.N. 1993. Useful weed plants in flora of the USSR. In: Catalogue of VIR world collection. Rel. 643. Saint-Petersburg: VIR. 160 pp. (in Russian).
Volkov A.N. ed. 1935. Areas of distribution of the major weed plants in the USSR. Moscow & Leningrad: State Publishing House of Kolkhoz and Sovkhoz Literature. 400 pp. (in Russian).
Vvedenskii, A.I. ed. 1962. Flora of Uzbekistan. V.6. Tashkent: AN UzbekSSR. 632 pp. (in Russian).
Vvedenskii, A.I. ed. 1965. Flora of Kirghiz SSR. V.11. Frunze: Ylym. 611 pp. (in Russian).

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