Area of distribution and harmfulness of common commelina (Commelina communis L.)

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist A.Yu. Doronina, GIS-specialist I.A. Budrevskaja.

Data of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on materials of maps of natural scale 1:10 000 000-1:80 000 000 as well as literature data.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic USSR., 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons, and sporadic distribution by points. Zones of weediness are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The weed area is subdivided into two zones, one representing species distribution, and the second where weed is considered a serious pest. Points represent locations where sporadic occurrence has been reported.

Method of map production:

Published literature was reviewed, including Atlases, monographs and papers. Occurrence data were obtained from herbarium specimens, floras, monographs and papers. The following sources were used for the base map: Grossgheim (1940), Malyshev & Peshkova (1987), Harkevich (1996). The borders of the zones of harmfulness were determined according to the following sources: Isachenko (1916), Nekrasova (1932), Vorobev (1954), Uljanova (1975; 1978; 1978; 1998), Nikitin (1983), Jakovez et al. (2000). Data were then compiled through scanning and geo-referencing to develop a composite vector map. The biologist, together with the GIS specialist, drew a composite weed distribution area based on compiled data.

Reference citations:

Anon. 1916. Colored illustrations and popular descriptions of plants. Addisonia. V. 1. New York: The New York Botanical Garden.
Baranova O.G., Ilminskih N.G., Puzirev A.N., Tuganajev V.V. 1992. Summary of Flora Udmurtija. Izhevsk: publishing house Udmurtskiy university. 122 p.
Buch T.G., Shvidkaja V.D., Shelkovnikova G.V. 1982. Weeds of potato fields in Primorskij kraj and their control. In: Ways of increase of the plant-growing on Far East. Vladivostok. 131-138 p.
Chernomorskaja N.М. 1983. Commelina as a weed of crops in Primorskii Territory. In: Works on applied botany, genetics and selection. Leningrad: VIR. 117-120 p. (In Russian)
Fedorov, A.A., ed. 1976. Flora of Europe part of USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. V. 2: 220.
Geideman T.S. 1975. Manual of the high plants Moldavskaja SSR. Kishinev: Shtiinza. 87 p.
Grossgeim, A.A. 1940. Flora of Caucasus. Baku: AzFAN. V.2: 76.
Grossgeim A.A. 1949. Manual of Caucasus plants. Moscow: Sovetskaja nauka. 667 p.
Gubanov I.A., Kiseleva N.V., Novikov V.S., Tichomirov V.N. 1995. Manual of the vascular plants of the Europe Russia centre. Moscow: Argus. 172 p.
Harkevich, S.S., ed. 1996. Flora of Soviet Far East. Leningrad: Nauka. V. 8 (map N. 97): 340-342.
Isachenko B.A. 1916. Commelina communis L. as plant, having a strong character for crops Primorskaja province. In: Note of the Station for test seeds by the Botan. Garden, 3(5): 3-27.
Jakovez V.P., Lisacheva G.I., Morohovez T.V., Basai Z.V., Jakovez V.I. 2000. The harmfulness and species composition weed plants in the crops of soya bean in Primorskii Territory. In: State and development of gerbology on threshold XXI century. Golizino. 66-69 p.
Karjagin, I.I., ed. 1952. Flora of Azerbajdzan. Baku: publishing house AN Azerbajdzan SSR. 99 p.
Komarov, V.L., ed. 1935. Flora of USSR. Leningrad: publishing house AN SSSR. V. 3: 501.
Komarov V.L., Klobulova-Alissova E.N. 1931. Manual of the plants Dalnevostochnij kraj. Leningrad: publishing house AN SSSR. V. 1: 340.
Kotov, M.I., ed. 1950. Flora of USSR. Kiev: Naukova Dumka. V. 3: 20.
Kotov M.I. 1961. New information about distribution comelina usual (Commelina communis L.) on Ucraina. Ucr. botan. journ., 18(1): 114-115.
Larionov D.K. 1959. New locations Comellina ususl-in Ucraina. Ucr. botan. journ., 16(3): 71.
Majevskij, P.F. 1954. Flora of the Middle zone of Europe part USSR. Moscow-Leningrad: Sovetskaja nauka. 854 p.
Malyshev, L.I. & G.A. Peshkova, ed. 1979. Flora of Central Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka. V. 1: 203.
Malyshev, L.I. & G.A. Peshkova, ed. 1987. Flora of Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka. V. 4: 16, 150.
Nekrasova V.L. Commelina communis L., it.s geographical distribution and utilization // News of the Botan. Garden AS USSR. 1932. Vol. 30, N 5-6. P. 659-668.
Nikitin V.V. 1983. Weed plants of the flora USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 454 p.
Popov, M.G. 1957. Flora of Middle Siberia. Moscow-Leningrad: publishing house AN SSSR. V. 1: 174.
Tolmachev A.I., ed. 1966. Manual plants of Primorje and Priamurje. Moscow-Leningrad: Nauka. 110 p.
Tolmachev A.I., ed. 1974. Manual of the high plants of Sahalin and Kurilskije islands. Leningrad: Nauka. 106 p.
Uljanova T.N. 1975. Weed plants in the crops of the rice of Primorskij kraj. Works at the applied bot., gen., sel., 54(3): 34-44.
Uljanova T.N. 1976. Weed-field flora of Kamchatskaja province. Bot. journ., 61(4): 555-561.
Uljanova T.N. 1978. Segetal flora of Primorskij kraj. Bot. journ., 63(7): 1004-1016.
Uljanova T.N. 1978. To obstruction of the agricultural growings of Sachalinskaja province. Bul. VIR, N. 81: 21-30.
Uljanova T.N. 1980. Weed plants Magadanskaja province. Works on applied botany, Genetics and Selection, 68(3): 34-42.
Uljanova T.N. 1987. Forming of the species structure of the segetal plants soviet Far East. In: Problems of the evolution, populazion botanica and sistematica (Col. scien. work at the applied bot., gen., sel.). V. 112: 81-92.
Uljanova T.N. 1998. Work plants in the flora of Russia and others countries of SNG. St. Petersburg: VIR. 343 p.
Vorobev D.P. 1954. To question about the alien and weed plants in Primorskij kraj. In: Komarovskije readings. Vladivostok. N. 4: 3-22.

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