Area of distribution and weediness of Lappula patula (Lehm.) Menyharth

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist N.N. Luneva,
GIS-specialist I.A. Budrevskaya.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on information taken from open-published literature and maps of scale 1: 5 000 000 - 1: 100 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons and sporadic distribution by points. Zones of weediness are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The weed area is subdivided into two zones, one representing species distribution, and the second where weed is considered a serious pest. A zone of moderate weediness was determined according to a criteria of occurrence (% of fields where this species is found) and abundance (Tanskii et al., 1998), i.e., where the occurrence of this species exceeded 50% with its field abundance (projective cover) being more than 15%. Points represent locations where sporadic occurrence has been reported.

Method of map production:

Published literature was reviewed, including Atlases, monographs and papers. Occurrence data were obtained from herbarium specimens, floras, monographs and papers. Data on L. patula distribution in Russia taken from Keller (1934) was used.. Modern general distribution of the species is supported by the following references: Ul.yanova (1981), Nikitin (1983), Gubanov (2004). The zone of main distribution in the European part of Russia and adjacent CIS countries was confirmed and corrected according to the following literature data: Maevskii (1954), Dorogostaiskaya (1972), Shishkin (1957), Blagoveshchenskii (1966), Zernov (2002), Bakin et al. (2000), Baranova et al. (1992), Prudnikov & Poluyanov (1996), Yanchurkina (1980), Geideman (1954), Rubtsov (1972). The species occurrence in the North Caucasus and Transcaucasia was confirmed according to the following sources: Grossgeim (1967), Galushko (1980), Vasil.chenko & Pidotti (1975). Its distribution in Central Asia and Kazakhstan was confirmed according to the following literature data: Nikitin & Gel.dikhanov (1988), Vvedenskii (1961), Korovina et al. (1983), Vasil.eva & Matsenko (1964), Vvedenskii (1962), Ikonnikov (1962). The species distribution in Siberia was also confirmed by the literature data of Krasnoborov & Kashina (1979). The zone of weediness was defined according to Nikitin (1983) and was adjusted according to data on weed occurrence, abundance, or harming ability taken from below references (except .Keys. and .Floras.) and adjusted according to maps of steppe zone and arable lands. Sporadic distribution areas were indicated based on herbarium data. Data were then compiled through scanning and geo-referencing to develop a composite vector map. The biologist, together with the GIS specialist, drew a composite weed distribution area based on compiled data.

Reference citations:

Bakin O.V., Rogova T.V., Sitnikova A.P. 2000. Vascular plants of Tatarstan. Kazan: Kazan University. 496 p. (In Russian)
Baranova O.G., Il.minskikh N.G., Puzyrev A.N., Tuganaev V.V. 1992. The synopsis of flora of Udmurtia. Izhevsk: Udmurtian Univ. 140 p. (In Russian)
Blagoveshchenskii A.V., ed. 1966. Keys to plants of Moscow Region. Moscow: Nauka. 368 p. (In Russian)
Dorogostaiskaya E.V. 1972. Weed plants of the Far North of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 172 p. (In Russian)
Galushko, A.I. 1978. Flora of the Northern Caucasus. V. 1. Rostov-na-Donu: Rostov University. 316 p. (In Russian)
Geideman T.S. 1954. Keys to plants of Moldavian SSR. Moscow & Leningrad: Nauka. 468 p. (In Russian)
Grossgeim, A.A. 1967. Flora of the Caucasus. V. 7. Leningrad: Nauka. 896 p. (In Russian)
Gubanov I.A., Kiseleva K.V., Novikov V.S., Tikhomirov V.N. 2004. The illustrated keys to plants of Middle Russia. V. 3. Moscow: KMK. 520 p. (In Russian)
Ikonnikov S.S. 1963. Keys to plants of Pamirs. Dushanbe: AN TadzhSSR. 282 p. (In Russian)
Keller B.A., ed. 1934. Weed plants of the USSR. V. 3. Leningrad: AN SSSR. 448 p. (In Russian)
Korovina O.N., Bakhiev A., Tadzhitdinov M.T., Sarybaev B. 1983. Illustrated keys to higher plants of Karakalpakstan and Khorezm. V. 2. Tashkent: FAN. 216 p. (In Russian)
Krasnoborov I.M., Kashina L.I. 1979. Keys to plants of southern Krasnoyarsk Territory. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 670 p. (In Russian)
Maevskii, P.F. 1954. Flora of middle belt of the European part of the USSR. Moscow-Leningrad: Selkhozgiz. 912 p. (In Russian)
Nikitin V.V. 1983. Weeds in the flora of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 454 p. (In Russian)
Nikitin V.V., Geldikhanov A.M. 1988. Keys to plants of Turkmenistan. Leningrad: Nauka. 670 p. (In Russian)
Prudnikov N.A., Poluyanov A.V. 1996. Vascular plants of Kursk Region. Kursk: State pedagogical university. 70 p. (In Russian)
Rubtsov N.I., ed. 1972. Keys to higher plants of the Crimea. Leningrad: Nauka. 552 p. (In Russian)
Shishkin, B.K., ed. 1957. Flora of the Leningrad Region. V. 2. Leningrad: Leningrad University. 240 p. (In Russian)
Ulyanova T.N. 1983. Weed plants in wheat of the USSR. In: Korovina O.N., ed. Catalogue of VIR world collection. N. 320. Leningrad: VIR. 454 p. (In Russian)
Vasilchenko I.T., Pidotti O.A. 1975. Keys to weed plants of areas of irrigated agriculture. Leningrad: Kolos. 375 p. (In Russian)
Vasil'eva L.I., Matsenko A.E. 1964. Keys to weed plants of the Virgin Lands. Moscow-Leningrad: Nauka. 132 p. (In Russian)
Vvedenskii, A.I., ed. 1961. Flora of Uzbekistan. V. 5. Tashkent: AN Uz. SSR. 668 p. (In Russian)
Vvedenskii, A.I. ed. 1962. Flora of Kirghiz SSR. V. 10. Frunze: AN Kirghiz SSR. 388 p. (In Russian)
Yanchurkina A.A. 1980. Floristic structure of weed plants of spring grain crops. Collection of scientific works. Plant protection against pests and diseases in the Southeast and in the Western Kazakhstan. Saratov: Saratov Agricultural Institute. 120-127 p. (In Russian)
Zernov A.S. 2002. Keys to vascular plants of the north of Russian Black Sea coast. Moscow: KMK. 284 p. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2005 © N.N. Luneva & I.A. Budrevskaya (vector map, description).

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