Area of distribution and weediness of Lycopsis arvensis L.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist N.N. Luneva, GIS-specialist I.A. Budrevskaya.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

It is created on information taken from the open-published literature and maps of scale 1:13 000 000 - 1:80 000000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of distribution is shown by polygons (main distribution) and by dots (sporadic distribution). Zone of weediness is shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

The weed area is subdivided into zones of main distribution and weediness, and places of sporadic distribution. The zones of weediness are established by criteria of occurrence (50% of fields, where this species is found) and abundance, expressed as projective cover of this species in the field (more than 15% to the field area) (Tanskii et al., 1998).

Procedure of map drawing:

The map is compiled by results of the analysis of the open-published cartographical materials and literature. Map by Volkov (1935) has been taken as a prototype, being confirmed by the data about distribution of this species on the territory of Russia by Ul.yanova T.N. (1981, 1988), Nikitin V.V. (1983), and working map with distribution of this species on the floristic regions territory (Komarov, V.L. & Bush, N.A., eds. 1939; Fedorov A.A., ed. 1981). The zone of Lycopsis arvensis L. main distribution in north and northeast of the European part of Russia and nearest CIS countries has been confirmed and specified by subsequent literature data (Maevskii, 1954; Shishkin, 1955; Ramenskaya, 1960; Blagoveschenskii, 1966; Rzhavitin , 1977; Minyaev, 1970; Tikhomirov, 1975; Klirosova, Noskova,1975; Tolmachev, 1977; Rubtsov, 1972; Shlyakova,1982; Zozulin & Fedyaeva, 1985; Kireeva,1989; Baranova, 1992; Prudnikov , Poluyanov, 1996; Orlova, 1997; Bakin et al., 2000; Grigor.evskaya, 2000; Rodionova, 2001). Distribution in the north of the Ural region follows Urozhok V.Kh. (1975). Distribution in the Northern Caucasus, Dagestan and East Transcaucasia (Keller, 1934), has not been confirmed by subsequent literature data (Galushko, 1978; Vasilchenko, Pidotti, 1975). In the Far East this species is adventive (Voroshilov V.N. 1966; Kharkevich, S.S., ed. 1988). The zone of weediness is specified after Nikitin V.V. (1983), being confirmed by the data of below-mentioned references except "Florae" and "Keys", and being corrected according to map of the areas of cultivation of agricultural crops (first of all, of vegetable crops). The zone of sporadic distribution is defined after the cartographical data (Kharkevich 1991; Tolmachev, 1977) and herbarium data.

Sources of the data:

Bakin O.V., Rogova T.V., Sitnikov A.P. 2000. Vascular plants of Tatarstan. Kazan: Kazan University. 496 pp. (In Russian)
Baranova O.G., N.G.Il'minskih, A.N.Puzyrev, V.V.Tuganaev. 1992. The abstract of flora of Udmurtiya. Izhevsk: the Udmurt university. 140 p. (In Russian).
Blagoveshchenskii A.V., ed. 1966. Keys to plants of Moscow Region. Moscow: Nauka. 368 p. (In Russian)
Fedorov A.A., ed. 1981. Flora of the European part of the USSR. V. 5. Leningrad: Nauka, 379 pp. (In Russian).
Galushko A.I. 1978. Flora of the Northern Caucasus. V.3. Rostov: Rostov University, 350 p. (In Russian).
Grigor.evskaya A.Ya. 2000. Flora of Voronezh. Voronezh: Voronezh University. 198 p. (In Russian).
Keller, B.A., ed. 1934. Weed plants of the USSR. V. 3. Leningrad: AN SSSR. 448 p. (In Russian).
Kharkevich, S.S., ed. 1988. Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East. V.3. Leningrad: Nauka. 421 p. (In Russian).
Kireeva T.B. 1989. Agrophytocenoses of northern Udmurtia. PhD Thesis. Sverdlovsk: Institute of plant and animal ecology, 20 p. (In Russian)
Klirosova V.P., Noskova T.S. (Eds.) 1975. Keys to plants of the Kirov Region. Part 2. Kirov: Kirov Pedagogic Institute, 304 p. (In Russian).
Komarov, V.L. & Bush, N.A., eds. 1939. Flora of the USSR. V.8. Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 696 p. (In Russian).
Maevskii P.F. 1954. Flora of middle belt of the European part of the USSR. Moscow, Leningrad: Selkhozgiz, 912 p. (In Russian).
Minyaev N.A., ed. 1970. Synopsis of flora of Pskov Region. Leningrad: Leningrad University. 176 p. (In Russian)
Nikitin, V.V. 1983. Weed plants in the flora of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka, 454 p. (In Russian).
Orlova N.I. 1997. Keys to vascular plants of the Vologda area. Vologda: Rus.. 262 p. (In Russian)
Prudnikov N.A., Polujanov A.V. 1996. Vascular plants of Kursk Region. Kursk: State pedagogical university, 70 p. (In Russian).
Ramenskaya M.L. 1960. Keys to vascular plants of Karelia. Petrozavodsk: Publishing House of Karelian ASSR, 486 p. (In Russian).
Rodionova A.E. 2001. Segetal plants of Upper Volga Basin Region. St.Petersburg: VIZR. 99p. (In Russian)
Rubtsov N.I. (Ed.). 1972. Keys to vascular plants of the Crimea. Leningrad: Nauka, 550 p. (In Russian).
Shishkin B.K., ed. 1955. Flora of the Leningrad Region. V. 1. Leningrad: Leningrad University, 288 pp. (In Russian).
Shishkin B.K., ed. 1957. Flora of the Leningrad Region. V. 2. Leningrad: Leningrad University, 240 p. (In Russian).
Shishkin B.K., ed. 1963. Botanical atlas. Moscow & Leningrad: Selkhozgiz, 504 pp. (In Russian)
Shlyakova, E.V. 1982. Keys to field weed plants of Non-Chernozem zone. Leningrad: Kolos. 208 p. (In Russian).
Tanskii, V.I., Levitin, M.M., Ishkova, T.I. & Kondratenko, V.I. 1998. Phytosanitary diagnostics in integrated managemant of cereals. In: Novozhilov K.V., ed. Compendium of methodical recommendations in plant protection. Sankt-Petersburg: VIZR. p.5-55. (In Russian).
Tikhomirov V.N., ed. 1975. Synopsis of flora of Meshchera, Ryazan.. Moscow: Lesnaya promyshlennost., 326 p. (In Russian)
Tolmachev, A.I., ed. 1977. Flora of North-East of the European part of the USSR. V.4. Leningrad: Nauka, 312 p. (In Russian).
Ulyanova, T.N. 1981. Weed plants in wheat of the USSR. In: Korovina, O.N., ed. Catalogue of world collection of VIR, issue 320. Leningrad: VIR, 69 p. (In Russian).
Ulyanova, T.N. 1998. Weed plants in the flora of Russia and other CIS states. St.-Petersburg: VIR, 344 p. (In Russian).
Urozhok V.Kh. 1975. To flora of weeds of forest belt Vishnevaya - Caspian Sea in the North of the Uralsk Region. Flora i rastitel.nost. Severnogo Prikaspiya. Leningrad, pp. 141-157 (In Russian).
Vasil'chenko I.T., Pidotti O.A. 1975. Keys to weed plants of areas of irrigated agriculture. Leningrad: the Leningrad branch. 376 p. (In Russian).
Volkov A.N., ed. 1935. Areas of distribution of the major weed plants in the USSR. Moscow & Leningrad: State Publishing House of Kolkhoz and Sovkhoz Literature, 152 p. (In Russian).
Voroshilov V.N. 1966. Flora of the Soviet Far East (the synopsis with the tables for species identification). Moscow: Nauka, 478 pp. (In Russian)
Zozulin G.M. & Fedyaeva V.V., eds. 1985. Flora of Lower Don. Keys. Part 2. Rostov: Rostov University. 240 p. (In Russian).

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Copyright 2004 © N.N. Luneva (descriptions, photo) & I.A. Budrevskaya (vector map).

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