Area of distribution and weediness of Myosotis arvensis (L.) Hill.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist N.N. Luneva, GIS-specialist I.A. Budrevskaya.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

It is created on information taken from the open-published literature and maps of scale 1:13 000 000 - 1:80 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of distribution is shown by polygons (main distribution) and by dots (sporadic distribution). Zone of weediness is shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

The weed area is subdivided into zones of main distribution and weediness, and places of sporadic distribution. The zones of weediness are established by criteria of occurrence (50% of fields where this species is found) and abundance, expressed as projective cover of this species in the field (more than 15% to the field area) (Tanskii et al., 1998).

Procedure of map drawing:

The map is compiled by results of the analysis of the open-published cartographical materials and literature. Map by Hulten E. & Fries M. (1986) has been taken as a prototype, being confirmed by the data about distribution of this species on the territory of Russia by Ul.yanova T.N. (1981, 1998), Nikitin V.V. (1983) and working map with distribution of this species on the floristic regions territory (Komarov, V.L. & Bush, N.A., eds. 1939; Fedorov A.A., ed. 1981). The zone of M. arvensis main distribution in the European part of Russia has been moved toward north-east following literature data (Tolmachev, 1977) and has been confirmed and specified by subsequent literature data (Maevskii, 1954; Geideman, 1954; Shishkin, 1957; Ramenskaya, 1960; Poyarkova ,1956; Blagoveschenskii, 1966; Rzhavitin , 1977; Minyaev, 1970; Tikhomirov, 1975; Klirosova, Noskova,1975; Tolmachev, 1977; Rubtsov, 1972; Zozulin & Fedyaeva, 1985; Kireeva,1989; Baranova, 1992; Prudnikov , Poluyanov, 1996; Orlova, 1997; Bakin et al., 2000; Grigor.evskaya, 2000; Rodionova, 200; Toivonen, Pekhschieva, 2003 ). Extension the zone of M. arvensis main distribution behind the Ural is based on the points of Hulten E. and Fries M. (1986) and herbarium data. Distribution in the Northern Caucasus and Transcaucasia has been confirmed by subsequent literature data (Galushko, 1978; Grossgeim, 1950). Distribution on the territory of Siberia has been confirmed by literature data (Polozhii, 1953; Popov, 1959; Koroleva et al., 1973; Malyshev & Peshkova, 1979; Krasnoborov, Kashina, 1979; Terekhina, 2000; Krasnoborov, 2001), and it has been corrected after herbarium data. Distribution on the territory of Kazakhstan and other regions of Middle Asia has been confirmed by literature data (Kol.chenko, 1975; Nikitin, Gel'dihanov, 1988). Distribution of M. arvensis in northern Caspian Sea coast has been specified after literature data (Vasil'chenko, Pidotti, 1975.) The zone of weediness is specified after Nikitin V.V. (1983), being confirmed by the data of below-mentioned references except "Florae" and "Keys". The zone of sporadic distribution is defined after the herbarium data.

Sources of the data:

Bakin O.V., Rogova T.V., Sitnikova A.P. 2000. Vascular plants of Tatarstan. Kazan: Kazan University. 496 p. (In Russian)
Baranova O.G., Il.minskikh N.G., Puzyrev A.N., Tuganaev V.V. 1992. The synopsis of flora of Udmurtia. Izhevsk: Udmurtian Univ., 140 p. (In Russian)
Blagoveshchenskii A.V., ed. 1966. Keys to plants of Moscow Region. Moscow: Nauka. 368 p. (In Russian)
Fedorov A.A., ed. 1981. Flora of the European part of the USSR. V. 5. Leningrad: Nauka, 380 p. (In Russian)
Galushko A.I. 1978. Flora of the Northern Caucasus. V. 3. Rostov-na-Donu: Rostov University, 350 p. (In Russian)
Geideman T.S. 1954. Keys to plants of Moldavian SSR. Moscow & Leningrad:Nauka, 468 p. (In Russian)
Grigor.evskaya A.Ya. 2000. Flora of Voronezh town. Voronezh: Voronezh University. 198 p. (In Russian)
Grossgeim, A.A. 1950. Flora of the Caucasus. V.4. Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR, 311 p. (In Russian).
Hulten E., Fries M. 1986. Atlas of North European Vascular Plants, North of the Tropic of Cancer: Konigstein, V. 1-3: 1172 p.
Kireeva T.B. 1989. Agrophytocenoses of northern Udmurtia. PhD Thesis. Sverdlovsk: Institute of plant and animal ecology, 20 p. (In Russian)
Klirosova V.P. & Noskova T.S., eds. 1975. Keys to plants of Kirov Region. Part 2. Kirov: Kirov Pedagogical institute, 304 p. (In Russian)
Kol.chenko O.T. 1975. The summary list of plants of cretaceous outcrops of Northern Caspian coast. Flora i rastitel.nost. Severnogo Prikaspiya. Leningrad, p.179-199 (In Russian).
Komarov, V.L. & Bush, N.A., eds. 1939. Flora of the USSR. V.8. Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 696 p. (In Russian).
Koroleva A.S., Krasnoborov I.M., Pen.kovskaya E.F. 1973. Keys to plants of the Novosibirsk Region. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 368 p. (In Russian)
Krasnoborov I.M., ed. 2001. Keys to plants of Kemerovo Region. Novosibirsk: SO RAN, 478 p. (In Russian)
Krasnoborov I.M., Kashina L.I. 1979. Keys to plants of southern Krasnoyarsk Territory. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 670 p. (In Russian)
Maevskii P.F. 1954. Flora of middle belt of the European part of the USSR. Moscow & Leningrad: Selkhozgiz. 912 p. (In Russian)
Malyshev L.I. & Peshkova T.A., eds. 1979. Flora of Central Siberia. V. 1. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 536 p. (In Russian)
Minyaev N.A., ed. 1970. Synopsis of flora of Pskov Region. Leningrad: Leningrad University. 176 p. (In Russian)
Nikitin, V.V. 1983. Weed plants in the flora of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka, 454 p. (In Russian).
Nikitin V.V. & Geldikhanov A.M. 1988. Keys to plants of Turkmenistan. Leningrad: Nauka. 670 p. (In Russian)
Orlova N.I. 1997. Keys to higher plants of the Vologda Region. Vologda: Rus., 262 p. (In Russian)
Poyarkova A.I., ed. 1956. Flora of the Murmansk Region.Vol. 3. Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR, 450 p. (In Russian)
Polozhii A.V. 1953. Keys to weed plants of Tomsk Region. Tomsk: Upravlenie sel.skokhozyaistvennoi propagandy Tomskogo oblsel.khozupravleniya, 68 p. (In Russian).
Popov M.G. 1959. Flora of Middle Siberia.Vol. 2.Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR, 840 p. (In Russian)
Prudnikov N.A., Poluyanov A.V. 1996. Vascular plants of Kursk Region. Kursk: State pedagogical university, 70 p. (In Russian).
Ramenskaya M.L. 1960. Keys to vascular plants of Karelia. Petrozavodsk: Karelian Publishing House, 486 p. (In Russian)
Rzhavitin V.N., ed. 1968. Flora of Mordovian ASSR. Saransk: Mordovian Publishing House, 138 p. (In Russian)
Rodionova A.E. 2001. Segetal plants of Upper Volga Basin Region. St.Petersburg: VIZR. 99p. (In Russian)
Rubtsov, N.I., ed. 1972. Keys to higher plants of the Crimea. Leningrad: Nauka, 552 p. (in Russian).
Shishkin B.K., ed. 1957. Flora of the Leningrad Region. V. 2. Leningrad: Leningrad University, 240 p. (In Russian).
Shishkin B.K., ed. 1963. Botanical atlas. Moscow & Leningrad: Selkhozgiz, 504 pp. (In Russian)
Toivonen I.M., Pekshieva L.V. 2003. Adventive flora of Olonets city (Republic of Karelia). Problems of studying adventive and sinanthropic florae in regions of CIS. Moscow, Tula: TGPU, p. 99-100. (In Russian)
Tanskii, V.I., Levitin, M.M., Ishkova, T.I. & Kondratenko, V.I. 1998. Phytosanitary diagnostics in integrated managemant of cereals. In: Novozhilov K.V., ed. Compendium of methodical recommendations in plant protection. Sankt-Petersburg: VIZR. p.5-55. (In Russian).
Terekhina T.A. 2000. Anthropogenous phytosystems. Barnaul: Publishing house of the Altai state university. 348 p. (In Russian).
Tikhomirov V.N., ed. 1975. Synopsis of flora of Meshchera, Ryazan.. Moscow: Lesnaya promyshlennost., 326 p. (In Russian)
Tolmachev, A.I., ed. 1977. Flora of North-East of the European part of the USSR. V.4. Leningrad: Nauka, 312 p. (In Russian).
Ulyanova, T.N. 1981. Weed plants in wheat of the USSR. In: Korovina, O.N., ed. Catalogue of world collection of VIR, issue 320. Leningrad: VIR, 69 p. (In Russian).
Ulyanova, T.N. 1998. Weed plants in the flora of Russia and other CIS states. St.-Petersburg: VIR, 344 p. (In Russian).
Vasilchenko, I.T. & Pidotti O.A. 1975. Keys to weed plants of areas of irrigated agriculture. Leningrad: Kolos. 375 p. (In Russian)
Voroshilov V.N. 1966. Flora of the Soviet Far East (the synopsis with the tables for species identification). Moscow: Nauka, 478 p. (In Russian)
Zozulin G.M. & Fedyaeva V.V., eds. 1985. Flora of Lower Don. Keys. Part 2. Rostov: Rostov University, 240 p. (In Russian).

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Copyright 2004 © N.N. Luneva (descriptions)& I.A. Budrevskaya (vector map).
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