Area of distribution and weediness of Panicum miliaceum subsp. ruderale (Kitag.) Tzvel.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist N.N. Luneva,
GIS-specialist I.A. Budrevskaya.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on information taken from open-published literature and maps of scale 1: 5 000 000 - 1: 100 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons and sporadic distribution by points. Zones of weediness are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The weed area is subdivided into two zones, one representing species distribution, and the second where the weed is considered a serious pest. Points represent locations where sporadic occurrence has been reported. The zone of weediness was allocated according to criteria of occurrence (% of fields where this species is found) and abundance (Tanskii et al., 1998), i.e., where the occurrence of this species exceeded 50% with its field abundance (projective cover) being more than 15%.

Method of map production:

Published literature was reviewed, including Atlases, monographs and papers. Occurrence data were obtained from herbarium specimens, floras, monographs and papers. P. miliaceum distribution in Russia according to Tsvelev (1976) was used as a basis, supplemented with the following literature data: Ul.yanova (1981, 1998), Nikitin (1983), Gubanov (2002). The zone of main distribution in the European part of Russia and adjacent CIS countries was confirmed and corrected according to the following literature data: Maevskii (1954), Baranova et al. (1992), Tikhomirov (1975), Orlova (1997), Minyaev (1970), Ramenskaya (1960), Grigor.evskaya (2000), Prokudin (1987), Shishkin (1995), Bakin et al. (2000), Blagoveshchenskii (1966), Geideman (1954). The zone of main distribution in Siberia was outlined according to the following literature data: Koroleva et al. (1973), Kudashkin & Vlasenko (2003), Vershinin & Fadeeva (2002), Krasavin (1989, 1992), Terekhina (2000), Malyshev & Peshkova (1979), Buddo (1969), Anenkhonov (2001), Dulepova & Sarapulov (1992). The zone of main distribution in Central Asia was defined according to the following references: Ten (1974), Pavlov (1956), Nikitin & Gel.dikhanov (1988), Korovina et al. (1983). The zone of main distribution in the Far East was defined according to the following data: Ul.yanova (1983), Tolmachev (1966), Voroshilov (1966). The zone of weediness was defined according to the following references: Nikitin1 (1983), Vershinin & Fadeeva (2002), Kudashkin & Vlasenko (2003), Krasavin (1989, 1992); adjusted according to data on the weed occurrence, abundance, or harming ability taken from the references listed below (except .Keys. and .Floras.), also slightly adjusted according to the map of arable lands (Koroljeva et al., 2003). Sporadic distribution areas were determined according to herbarium data. Data were then compiled through scanning and geo-referencing to develop a composite vector map. The biologist, together with the GIS specialist, drew a composite weed distribution area based on compiled data.

Reference citations:

Anenkhonov O.A., ed. 2001. Keys to plants of Buryatia. Ulan-Ude: Institute of general and experimental biology RAN. 672 p. (In Russian)
Bakin O.V., Rogova T.V., Sitnikova A.P. 2000. Vascular plants of Tatarstan. Kazan: Kazan University. 496 p. (In Russian)
Baranova O.G., Il.minskikh N.G., Puzyrev A.N., Tuganaev V.V. 1992. The synopsis of flora of Udmurtia. Izhevsk: Udmurtian Univ. 140 p. (In Russian)
Blagoveshchenskii A.V., ed. 1966. Keys to plants of Moscow Region. Moscow: Nauka. 368 p. (In Russian)
Buddo I.S., ed. 1969. Keys to weed plants of Cisbaikalia. Irkutsk: Irkutsk Agricultural Institute. 48 p. (In Russian)
Dulepova B.I., Sarapulov V.A., eds. 1992. Keys to weed plants of Eastern Transbaikalia. Chita: Chita State Pedagogical Institute. 28 p. (In Russian)
Geideman T.S. 1954. Keys to plants of Moldavian SSR. Moscow-Leningrad: Nauka. 468 p. (In Russian)
Grigor.evskaya, A.Ya. 2000. Flora of Voronezh town. Voronezh: Voronezh University. 198 p. (In Russian)
Gubanov I.A., Kiseleva K.V., Novikov V.S., Tikhomirov V.N. 2004. The illustrated keys to plants of Middle Russia. V. 3. Moscow: KMK. 520 p. (In Russian)
Koroleva A.S., Krasnoborov I.M., Pen.kovskaya E.F. 1973. Keys to plants of the Novosibirsk Region. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 368 p. (In Russian)
Koroljeva IE, Vilchevskaya EV, Ruhovich DI. 2003. Digital Arable Land Map. Laboratory of Soil Information of the Dokuchaev Soil Institute, Moscow, Russia [Based on: Yanvareva LF. (ed.), Martynjuk KN., Kisileva NM. 1989. Map of Land Use, Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.].
Korovina O.N., Bakhiev A., Tadzhitdinov M.T., Sarybaev B. 1983. Illustrated keys to higher plants of Karakalpakstan and Khorezm. V. 2. Tashkent: FAN. 216 p. (In Russian)
Krasavin V.D. 1989. Control of field-weed forms of millet. Vestnik sel.skokhozyaistvennoi nauki, 11: 154-155. (In Russian)
Krasavin V.D. 1992. Ways of identification of weed and common millet. Zemledelie, 5: 46-47. (In Russian)
Kudashkin P.I., Vlasenko N.G. 2000. Herbicides on crops of spring wheat in forest-steppe zone of Western Siberia. In: Fomin D.A., Udal'tsov E.A., eds. Siberian agrarian science of III millenium. Novosibirsk: RASKHN. 98-99 p. (In Russian)
Maevskii, P.F. 1954. Flora of middle belt of the European part of the USSR. Moscow-Leningrad: Selkhozgiz. 912 p. (In Russian)
Malyshev, L.I. & T.A. Peshkova, eds. 1979. Flora of Central Siberia. V. 1. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 536 p. (In Russian)
Minyaev N.A., ed. 1970. Synopsis of flora of Pskov Region. Leningrad: Leningrad University. 176 p. (In Russian)
Nikitin V.V. 1983. Weeds in the flora of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 454 p. (In Russian)
Nikitin V.V., Geldikhanov A.M. 1988. Keys to plants of Turkmenistan. Leningrad: Nauka. 670 p. (In Russian)
Orlova N.I. 1997. Keys to higher plants of the Vologda Region. Vologda: Rus.. 262 p. (In Russian)
Pavlov, N.V., ed. 1956. Flora of Kazakhstan. V. 1. Alma-Ata: AN Kaz. SSR. 754 p. (In Russian)
Prokudin Yu.N., ed. 1987. Keys to vascular plants of Ukraine. Kiev: Naukova dumka. 547 p. (In Russian)
Ramenskaya M.L. 1960. Keys to vascular plants of Karelia. Petrozavodsk: Karelian Publishing House. 486 p. (In Russian)
Shishkin, B.K., ed. 1955. Flora of the Leningrad Region. V. 1. Leningrad: Leningrad University. 288 p. (In Russian)
Shishkin B.K., ed. 1963. Botanical atlas. Moscow-Leningrad: Selkhozgiz. 504 p. (In Russian)
Ten A.G. 1974. Keys to plants of Tselinograd Region. Handbook. Tselinograd: Tselinograd Agricultural Institute. 206 p. (In Russian)
Terekhina T.A. 2000. Anthropogenous phytosystems. Barnaul: Publishing house of the Altai state university. 348 p. (In Russian)
Tikhomirov V.N., ed. 1975. Synopsis of flora of Meshchera, Ryazan.. Moscow: Lesnaya promyshlennost.. 326 p. (In Russian)
Tolmachev A.I., ed. 1966. Keys to plants of Primorskii Territory and Amur Region. Moscow-Leningrad: Nauka. 492 p. (In Russian)
Tsvelev N.N. 1976. Cereals of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 788 p. (In Russian)
Ulyanova T.N. 1983. Weed plants in wheat of the USSR. In: Korovina O.N., ed. Catalogue of VIR world collection. N. 320. Leningrad: VIR. 454 p. (In Russian)
Ulyanova T.N. 1983. Weed plants of the Soviet Far East. In: Korovina O.N., ed. Catalogue of VIR world collection. N. 374. Leningrad: VIR. 46 p. (In Russian)
Ulyanova T.N. 1998. Weeds in the flora of Russia and other CIS states. St. Petersburg: VIR. 344 p. (In Russian)
Vershinin Yu.A., Fadeeva E.F. 2002. Common Millet in crops of grain cultures. Zashchita i karantin rastenii, 2: 47. (In Russian)
Voroshilov, V.N. 1966. Flora of the Soviet Far East (the synopsis with the tables for species identification). Moscow: Nauka. 672 p. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2005 © N.N. Luneva & I.A. Budrevskaya. Picture was taken from the monograph edited by Shishkin B.K. (1955).

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