Area of distribution and weediness of Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex. Stend.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist N.N. Luneva, GIS-specialist I.A. Budrevskaya.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

It is created on information taken from the open-published literature and maps of scale 1: 5 000 000 - 1: 100 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of distribution is shown by polygons (main distribution). Zone of weediness is shown by polygon.

Accuracy of the classifier:

The weed area is subdivided into zones of main distribution and weediness, and places of sporadic distribution. The zones of weediness are established by criteria of occurrence (50% of fields, where this species is found) and abundance, expressed as projective cover of this species in the field (more than 15% to the field area) (Tanskii et al., 1998).

Procedure of map drawing:

The map is compiled by results of the analysis of the open-published cartographical materials and literature. Map by Keller (1934) has been taken as a prototype, being confirmed by the data about wide distribution of this species on the territory of Russia by Tsvelev, 1976; UlТyanova, 1988; Nikitin, 1983. The zone of P. australis main distribution in north and northeast of the European part of Russia and adjacent CIS countries has been confirmed and specified by subsequent literature data (Geideman, 1954; Shishkin, 1955; Ramenskaya, 1960; Blagoveshchenskii, 1966; Minyaev, 1970; Tikhomirov, 1975; Klirosova & Noskova, 1975; Rubtsov, 1972; GrinТko et al., 1987; Baranova et al., 1992; Orlova, 1997; Bakin et al., 2000; GrigorТevskaya, 2000; Rodionova, 2000). Distribution in the Northern Caucasus and Transcaucasia is also confirmed by subsequent literature data (Galushko, 1978; Grossgeim, 1939). Distribution of the species in Western and Middle Siberia corresponds to cartographical (Malyshev & Peshkova, 1979) and literature data (Popov, 1957; Koroleva et al., 1973; Krasnoborov, Kashina, 1979; Terekhina, 2000), being corrected according to herbarial data. Distribution of the species in Kazakhstan and other regions of Central Asia is confirmed by the data (Pavlov, 1956; VasilТeva & Matsenko, 1964; Nikitin & GelТdikhanov, 1988; Burygin & Dzhangurazov, 1975; Dzhangurazov & Loi, 1975; Abdullaev, 1975; Kornilova, 1957). Distribution of the Common Reed in North Caspian Sea region is specified after Vasil'chenko & Pidotti (1975). In the Far East the zone of main distribution is given after Voroshilov (1966), Tolmachev (1966, 1974), and Kharkhevich (1985). The zone of weediness is specified after Nikitinu V.V. (1983), being confirmed by data on abundance, frequency of occurrence, or weediness of the weed in below-mentioned references except "Florae" and "Keys". Places of sporadic distribution are specified after herbarial data.

Sources of the data:

Abdullaev A.A. 1975. Weed plants in maize of the Khorezm region and their control In: Weed vegetation of the irrigated lands of Central Asia. In: Proceedings of Tashkent agricultural institute. Tashkent: Tashkent agricultural institute, p. 25-30. (In Russian)
Bakin O.V., Rogova T.V., Sitnikova A.P. 2000. Vascular plants of Tatarstan. Kazan: Kazan University. 496 p. (In Russian)
Baranova O.G., IlТminskikh N.G., Puzyrev A.N., Tuganaev V.V. 1992. The synopsis of flora of Udmurtia. Izhevsk: Udmurtian Univ., 140 p. (In Russian)
Blagoveshchenskii A.V., ed. 1966. Keys to plants of Moscow Region. Moscow: Nauka. 368 p. (In Russian)
Burygin V.A., Dzhangurazov F.H. 1975. Weed vegetation of the irrigated lands of Uzbekistan and biological bases of its control. In: Belov, A.I., Burygin, V.A., Kamilova, F.G., eds. Weed vegetation of the irrigated lands of Central Asia. Proceedings of Tashkent agricultural institute.Tashkent: Tashkent agricultural institute. p. 1-7. (In Russian)
Dzhangurazov F.H., Loi N.P. 1975. Weed plants in cotton of the Surkhan-Darya Region. In: Belov, A.I., Burygin, V.A., Kamilova, F.G., eds. Weed vegetation of the irrigated lands of Central Asia. In: Proceedings of Tashkent agricultural institute. Iss. 43. Tashkent: Tashkent agricultural institute: 16-24. (In Russian)
Galushko A.I. 1978. Flora of the Northern Caucasus. V. 1. Rostov-na-Donu: Rostov University, 318 p. (In Russian)
Geideman T.S. 1954. Keys to plants of Moldavian SSR. Moscow & Leningrad: Nauka, 468 p. (In Russian)
GrigorТevskaya A.Ya. 2000. Flora of Voronezh town. Voronezh: Voronezh University. 198 p. (In Russian)
GrinТko N.I., Titov A.Kh., Kvartin V.N., Semernikova A.I., Lapchenkov G.Ya., Dyatlenko V.A. 1987. Weed plants and their control in the Rostov Region. Manual. Persianovka: Donskoi SKHI, 102 p. (In Russian)
Grossgeim A.A. 1939. Flora of the Caucasus. V.1. Baku: AzFAN, 402 p. (In Russian)
Gubanov I.A., Kiseleva K.V., Novikov V.S., Tikhomirov V.N. 2002. The illustrated keys to plants of Middle Russia. V.1, Moscow: KMK, 526 p. (In Russian)
Keller B.A., Lyubimenko V.N., Maltsev A.I., Fedtshenko B.A., Shishkin B.K., Rodzevich R.Yu. & Kamenskii K.V., eds. 1934. Weed plants of the USSR. Moscow & Leningrad: AN USSR. V.1. 324 p. (In Russian)
Kharkhevich S.S., ed. 1985. Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East. Leningrad: Nauka. V.1. 421 p. (In Russian)
Klirosova V.P. & Noskova T.S., eds. 1975. Keys to plants of Kirov Region. Part 2. Kirov: Kirov Pedagogical institute, 304 p. (In Russian)
Kornilova V.S. 1957. Weediness of grain and commercial crops in Southern Kazakhstan. Uchenye zapiski. Tom.29. Biologiya i pochvovedenie (Alma-Ata): 65-81. (In Russian)
Koroleva A.S., Krasnoborov I.M., PenТkovskaya E.F. 1973. Keys to plants of the Novosibirsk Region. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 368 p. (In Russian)
Krasnoborov I.M., Kashina L.I. 1979. Keys to plants of southern Krasnoyarsk Territory. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 670 p. (In Russian)
Malyshev L.I. & Peshkova T.A., eds. 1979. Flora of Central Siberia. V. 1. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 536 p. (In Russian)
Minyaev N.A., ed. 1970. Synopsis of flora of Pskov Region. Leningrad: Leningrad University. 176 p. (In Russian)
Nikitin V.V. & Geldikhanov A.M. 1988. Keys to plants of Turkmenistan. Leningrad: Nauka. 670 p. (In Russian)
Nikitin V.V. 1983. Weeds in the flora of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 454 p. (In Russian)
Orlova N.I. 1997. Keys to higher plants of the Vologda Region. Vologda: RusТ, 262 p. (In Russian)
Pavlov N.V., ed. 1956. Flora of Kazakhstan. V.1. Alma-Ata: AN Kaz.SSR, 754 p. (in Russian).
Popov M.G. 1957. Flora of Middle Siberia. V. 1. Moscow & Leningrad: AS SSSR, 556 p. (In Russian)
Ramenskaya M.L. 1960. Keys to vascular plants of Karelia. Petrozavodsk: Karelian Publishing House, 486 p. (In Russian)
Rodionova A.E. 2001. Segetal plants of Upper Volga Basin Region. St.Petersburg: VIZR. 99p. (In Russian)
Rubtsov, N.I., ed. 1972. Keys to higher plants of the Crimea. Leningrad: Nauka, 552 p. (in Russian).
Shishkin B.K., ed. 1955. Flora of the Leningrad Region. V. 1. Leningrad: Leningrad University, 288 p. (In Russian)
Tanskii V.I., Levitin M.M., Ishkova T.I. & Kondratenko V.I. 1998. Phytosanitary diagnostics in integrated management of cereals. In: Novozhilov K.V., ed. Compendium of methodical recommendations in plant protection. St.Petersburg: VIZR, p.5-55. (In Russian)
Terekhina T.A. 2000. Anthropogenous phytosystems. Barnaul: Publishing house of the Altai state university. 348 p. (In Russian).
Tikhomirov V.N., ed. 1975. Synopsis of flora of Meshchera, RyazanТ. Moscow: Lesnaya promyshlennostТ, 326 p. (In Russian)
Tolmachev A.I., ed. 1966. Keys to plants of Primorskii Territory and Amur Region. Moscow & Leningrad: Nauka, 492 p. (In Russian)
Tolmachev A.I., ed. 1974. Keys to higher plants of Sakhalin and Kurile islands. Leningrad: Nauka. 372 p. (In Russian)
Tsvelev N.N. 1976. Cereals of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka, 788 p. (In Russian)
Ulyanova T.N. 1989. Field weed plants of cotton in the USSR. In: Agaev M.G., ed. Catalogue of VIR world collection. N 499. Leningrad: VIR: 15, 40 p. (In Russian)
Ulyanova T.N. 1998. Weeds in the flora of Russia and other CIS states. St.Petersburg: VIR. 344 p. (In Russian)
Vasilchenko, I.T. & Pidotti O.A. 1975. Keys to weed plants of areas of irrigated agriculture. Leningrad: Kolos. 376 p. (In Russian)
Vasil'eva L.I. & Matsenko A.E. 1964. Keys to weed plants of the Virgin Lands. Moscow & Leningrad: Nauka, 132 p. (In Russian)
Voroshilov V.N. 1966. Flora of the Soviet Far East (the synopsis with the tables for species identification). Moscow: Nauka, 672 p. (In Russian)

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Copyright 2004 © N.N. Luneva (descriptions, photo) & I.A. Budrevskaya (vector map).

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