Area of distribution and weediness of Senecio vulgaris L.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist I.N. Nadtochii, GIS-specialist I.A. Budrevskaya.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on information taken from open-published literature and on map of natural scale 1: 80 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons, and sporadic distribution by points. Zones of weediness are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of classifier:

The weed area is subdivided into two zones, one representing species distribution, and the second where weed is considered a serious pest. Points represent locations where sporadic occurrence has been reported. The zones of weediness were established according to criteria of occurence (50% of fields where this species is found) and abundance, expressed as projective cover of this species in the field (more than 15% of the field area (Tanskii et al., 1998)).

Method of map production:

Published literature was reviewed, including Atlases, monographs and papers. Occurrence data were obtained from herbarium specimens, floras, monographs and papers. The map from Hulten & Fries (1986) was used as a base map, since Volkov's map made in 1935 is rather generalized. The original area from Hulten & Fries (1986) was expanded northeastward according to the following sources: Tolmachev (1976), Gorodkov (1966), Dorogostaiskaya (1972), Tolmachev (1962), Ramenskaya (1960), Shmidt & Sergienko (1987), Vargina et al. (1987); and southwestward according to Volkov (1935), Vasil.ev (1929), Kolpikova (1967). Places of sporadic distribution in Siberia and the Far East were determined according to the following sources: V.L. Komarov Institute, Kharkevich (1992), Gorodkov (1966), Dorogostaiskaya (1972), Kushnirenko (1949), Ul.yanova (1980), Krasnoborov (1984). The following sources were used to determined the zones of weediness: for the areas where weed was frequently found in fields of the North-Western zone and Central part of the Non-Chernozem zone according to Zakharenko & Zakharenko (2004); as a background weed (in number and occurrence) in the Non-Chernozem zone according to Spiridonov (2004); as the most pernicious weed in the Non-Chernozem zone according to Raskin (1997); as one of the main weeds in Stavropol Territory according to Kolpikova (1967); as having 50% weediness in Crimea according to Vasil.ev (1929); as a weed of tea plantations in Trans-Carpathia according to Bubryak (1957). The map of arable lands was also used for the determination of the weediness zone (Koroljeva et al., 2003).
Data were then compiled through scanning and geo-referencing to develop a composite vector map. The biologist, together with the GIS specialist, drew a composite weed distribution area based on compiled data.

Reference citations:

Bubryak I.I. 1957. Weed vegetation and fungal diseases on experimental plantations of tea in Trans-Carpathia. In: Rudenko F.E., ed. Proceedings of Uzhgorod University. Uzhgorod: MVO USSR, UGU. V. 23: 101-107. (In Russian)
Dorogostaiskaya E.V. 1972. Weed plants of the Far North of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 172 p. (In Russian)
Gorodkov, B.N., ed. 1966. Flora of Murmansk Region. V. 5. Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 551 p. (In Russian)
Hulten E., Fries M. 1986. Atlas of North European Vascular Plants, North of the Tropic of Cancer. Konigstein. V. 1-3: 1172.
Kharkhevich S.S., ed. 1992. Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East. V. 6. Saint Petersburg: Nauka. 428 p. (In Russian)
Kolpikova A.D. 1967. To the study of weed flora in zone of irregular wetting of the Stavropol Territory. In: Goryainov V.M., ed. Proc. Stavropol SKHI, Stavropol.. V. 22: 165-179. (In Russian)
Krasnoborov I.M., ed. 1984. Keys to plants of Tuva ASSR. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 336 pp. (In Russian)
Kushnirenko V.P. 1949. Useful and harmful wild plants of training experimental farm of Kurgan Agricultural Institute. In: Zharkov P.N., Kvitko V.E., Lopatin M.I., Malyshev N.M., Mel.nikov S.V., Sumanov E.YA., eds. Proc. Kurgan SKhI, Issue 1. Kurgan: Krasnyi kurgan. 191-240 p. (In Russian)
Ramenskaya M.L. 1960. Keys to vascular plants of Karelia. Petrozavodsk: Karelian Publishing House. 486 p. (In Russian)
Raskin M.S. 1997. Weed plants of a Non-Chernozem zone of Russia, their harmfulness and control. Agro XXI, 4:18-19. (In Russian)
Shmidt V.M., Sergienko V.G. 1987. Biometric comparison of Barents Sea and White Sea island florae. Regional floristic researches. Leningrad: Nauka. 71-92 p. (In Russian)
Spiridonov Yu.Ya. 2004. Features of species structure of weed vegetation in modern agrocoenoses of the Russian Non-Black Earth Region. Plant Protection News (VIZR), 2: 15-24. (In Russian)
Tanskii V.I., Levitin M.M., Ishkova T.I., Kondratenko V.I. 1998. Phytosanitary diagnostics in integrated managemant of cereals. In: Novozhilov K.V., ed. Compendium of methodical recommendations in plant protection. Saint-Petersburg: VIZR. 5-55 p. (In Russian)
Tolmachev A.I., ed. 1962. Keys to vascular plants of Komi SSR. Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 360 p. (In Russian)
Tolmachev, A.I., ed. 1977. Flora of North-East of the European part of the USSR. V. 4. Leningrad: Nauka. 312 p. (In Russian)
Ul.yanova T.N. 1980. Weed plants of the Magadan Region. In: Dorofeev V.F., ed. Works on applied botany, genetics, selection. Leningrad: VIR. V. 68(3): 34-42. (In Russian)
Vargina N.E., Spasskaya N.A., Solodina N.N., Stulova I.F. 1987. Florae of vicinities of Kenozero and settlement Verkhnyaya Toima (Arkhangelsk Region). Regional floristic researches. Leningrad: Nauka. 104-120 p. (In Russian)
Vasil.ev V. 1929. Weed plants of orchards in Crimea and their control. Visnik sadivnitstva, vinogradnitstva ta gorodnitstva (Kharkiv: Narkomzemsprav USSR), 3-4: 166-171. (In Russian)
Volkov A.N., ed. 1935. Areas of distribution of the major weed plants in the USSR. Moscow-Leningrad: State Publishing House of Kolkhoz and Sovkhoz Literature. 153 p. (In Russian)
Zakharenko V.A., Zakharenko A.V. 2004. Weed control. Zashchita i karantin rastenii, 4: 62-142. (In Russian)

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Copyright 2004© I.N. Nadtochii & I.A.Budrevskaya.
N.N. Luneva is the author of image (VIZR).

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