Area of distribution and weediness of Setaria viridis (L.)

Object description Download GIS-layers


Object specialist N.N. Luneva,
GIS-specialist I.A. Budrevskaya

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on information taken from open-published literature and maps of scale 1: 5 000 000 - 1: 100 000 000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR", 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area of species distribution is shown by polygons, and sporadic distribution by points. Zones of weediness are shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

The weed area is subdivided into two zones, one representing species distribution, and the second where weed is considered a serious pest. Points represent locations where sporadic occurrence has been reported.

Method of map production:

Published literature was reviewed, including Atlases, monographs and papers. Occurrence data were obtained from herbarium specimens, floras, monographs and papers. The map of species distribution presented by Volkov (1935) was used as a base for this map and has been adjusted according to Bush & Komarov (1939) and Nikitin (1983). The zone of main distribution in the European part of Russia and adjacent CIS countries was adjusted according to Hulten & Fries (1986) and the following sources: Malysheva (1979), Vasil.ev & Degtyarenko (1988), Dokuchaev (1973), Nikitin (1983), Ul.yanova (1988), Vorob.ev et al. (1988), Geideman (1954), Zhukova (1954), Ramenskaya (1960), Shiskin (1955); Blagoveschenskii (1966), Bakin et al. (2000), Grigor.evskaya(2000), Dorozhkina et al. (1988). The species distribution in the Northern Caucasus and Transcaucasia was adjusted according to: Galushko (1978), Grossgeim (1939), Dorozhkina & Chekunov (1988), Khubukiya et al. (1988), Agaronyan (1988). Distribution of the species in Western and Middle Siberia was adjusted according to the following sources: Cherepanov (1988), Averkin (1981), Taskaeva (1988), Kushnirenko (1949), Nikitin (1983), Fedotkina et al. (1978), Grebenkina (2000), Krasnoborov & Kashina (1979), Malyshev & Peshkova (1979, 1990), Popov (1957) and also adjusted according to herbarium data. Distribution of the species in Kazakhstan and Central Asia was adjusted according to the following sources: Pavlov (1956), Vasil'eva et al. (1964), Zhurakulov (1988), Urozhok (1975), Kol'chenko (1975), Nikitin (1983). Distribution of the species in Eastern Siberia was adjusted according to the following sources: Sergievskaya (1969), Fedchenko (1929), Malyshev & Peshkova (1979), Buddo (1969), Fomina (1961). In the Far East the zone of main distribution was adjusted according to: Tolmachaev (1966), Voroshilov (1966), Leifa (1988), Kharkevich (1985). The zone of weediness was determined based on Nikitin (1983) and adjusted according to data on abundance, frequency of occurrence or weediness of the weed. The reference sources below were also used to determine adjustments to area of weediness. Points of sporadic distribution were determined according to Volkov (1935), Popov (1957), Harkevich (1985), Hulten & Fries (1986) and herbarium data. Data were then compiled through scanning and geo-referencing to develop a composite vector map. The biologist, together with the GIS specialist, drew a composite weed distribution area based on compiled data.

Reference citations:

Agaronyan A.G. 1988. Results of studying grain crops contamination and testing herbicides in the Armenian SSR. Weed control at growing of agricultural crops. Moscow: Agropromizdat. 87-91 p. (In Russian)
Averkin G.V. 1981. Species composition of weed plants in seed-growing crops of forest-steppe zone of Ob Region. Nauchno tekhnicheskii byulleten.. Issue 4. Seed-farming of grain cultures. Novosibirsk: SO VASKHNIL. 33-39 pp. (In Russian)
Bakin O.V., Rogova T.V., Sitnikov A.P. 2000. Vascular plants of Tatarstan. Kazan: Kazan University. 496 p. (In Russian)
Blagoveschenskiy A.V., ed. 1966. Keys to plants of the Moscow Region. Moscow: Nauka. 368 pp. (In Russian)
Buddo I.S., ed. 1969. Keys to weed plants of Cisbaikalia. Irkutsk: Irkutsk Agricultural Institute. 48 pp. (In Russian)
Cherepanov M.E., Vlasenko A.N., Mokshin V.S. 1988. Soil conservation technology of treatments and weeds. Weed control at growing of agricultural crops. Moscow: Agropromizdat. 56-61 pp. (In Russian)
Dokuchaev V.M., ed. 1973. Green Enemies: Weeds of the Stavropol Territory and their control. Stavropol: Stavropol.skoe knizhnoe izdatel.stvo. 168 pp.
Dorozhkina L.A., Chekunov I.A. 1988. Screening of new herbicides for chemical weeding of vineyards. Weed control at growing of agricultural crops. Moscow: Agropromizdat. 185-187 pp. (In Russian)
Fedotkina V.A., Simborskii A.A., Larin V.I., Zolototrubova R.T., Borodin A.I. 1978. Weed plants of western Siberia and their control by land treatments. A handbook. Omsk: Omsk Agricultural Institute. 52 p. (In Russian)
Fomina Z.V. 1961. Biological features of some perennial weed plants of field cultures in Buryatia. Proceedings of Buryatian Agricultural Institute. Issue 16(1). Agrochemistry. Ulan-Ude: Buryatian Agricultural Institute. 13-21 pp. (In Russian)
Galushko, A.I. 1978. Flora of Northern Caucasus. Rostov-on-Don: Rostov University. V. 1: 232. (In Russian)
Geideman, T.S. 1954. Keys to plants of Moldavian SSR. Moscow-Leningrad: Nauka. 466 pp. (In Russian)
Grebenkina M.V. 2000. Harmful organisms on sugar beet and basis for their control in steppe zone of Khakassia. Novosibirsk: RASKhN, Siberian branch. 118 p. (In Russian)
Grigor.evskaya, A.Ya. 2000. Flora of Voronezh. Voronezh: Voronezh University. 171 p. (In Russian)
Grossgeim, A.A. 1939. Flora of the Caucasus. Baku: AzFAN. V. 1: 402. (In Russian)
Gubanov I.A., Kiseleva K.V., Novikov V.S., Tikhomirov V.N. 2002. The illustrated keys to plants of Middle Russia. Moscow: Tovarishchestvo nauchnykh izdanii KMK, Institut tekhnologicheskikh issledovanii. V. 1: 526. (In Russian)
Hulten E., Fries M. 1986. Atlas of North European Vascular Plants, North of the Tropic of Cancer. Konigstein. V. 1-3: 1172.
Kharkevich S.S., ed. 1985. Vascular plants of the Russian Far East. Leningrad: Nauka. V. 1: 446. (In Russian)
Khokhryakov A.P. 1976. Materials to the flora of the southern part of Magadan Region. In: Khokhryakov A.P., ed. Flora and vegetation of Magadan region. Vladivostok: DSc.C Ac.Sc. USSR. 3-36 p. (In Russian)
Khubutiya R.A., Chantladze M.N., Dzhugeli M.G., Didebeli I.G. 1988. Regional aspects of herbicide application under intensive maize culture in western Georgia. Weed control at growing of agricultural crops. Moscow: Agropromizdat. 130-135 pp. (In Russian)
Kol.chenko O.T. 1975. The summary list of plants of cretaceous outcrops of Northern Caspian coast. Flora and vegetation of Northern Caspian Depression. Leningrad. 179-199 pp. (In Russian)
Komarov V.L., ed. 1934. Flora of the USSR. Leningrad: AN SSSR. V. 2: 778. (In Russian)
Krasnoborov I.M., Kashina L.I. 1979. Keys to plants of southern Krasnoyarsk Territory. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 670 pp. (In Russian)
Kushnirenko V.P. 1949. Useful and harmful wild plants of training experimental farm of Kurgan Agricultural Institute. In: Zharkov P.N., Kvitko V.E., Lopatin M.I., Malyshev N.M., Mel.nikov S.V, Sumanov E.Ya., editors. Proceedings of the Kurgan SKhI. Issue 1. Kurgan: Krasnyi kurgan. 191-240 pp. (In Russian)
Leifa V.I. 1988. Application of herbicides on sowings of soya in the Amurskaya Region. Weed control at growing of agricultural crops. Moscow: Agropromizdat. 143-145 pp. (In Russian)
Malyshev, L.I. & G.A. Peshkova, eds. 1979. Flora of Central Sibiria. Novosibirsk: Nauka. V. 1: 536. (In Russian)
Malysheva V.G. 1979. New and rare adventive plants of the Kalinin Region. Botanicheskii zhurnal, 64(3): 438-441. (In Russian)
Nikitin V.V. 1983. Weed plants of the USSR flora. Leningrad: Nauka. 454 pp. (In Russian)
Pavlov, N.V., ed. 1956. Flora of Kazakhstan. Alma-Ata: AN Kaz.SSR. V. 1: 754. (In Russian)
Popov, M.G. 1957. Flora of Middle Siberia. Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. V. 1: 556. (In Russian)
Ramenskaya M.L. 1960. Keys to vascular plants of Karelia. Petrozavodsk: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel.stvo Karel.skoi ASSR. 486 p. (In Russian)
Rodionova A.E. 2001. Segetal plants of Upper Volga Basin Region. St. Petersburg. 99 pp. (In Russian)
Sergievskaya, L.P., ed. 1969. Flora of Transbaikalia. Issue 2. Tomsk: Tomsk University. 100 p. (In Russian)
Shishkin, B.K., ed. 1955. Flora of Leningrad Region. Leningrad: Leningradskii Universitet. V. 1: 288. (In Russian)
Taskaeva A.G. 1988. Theory and practice of struggle against weed vegetation at intensive technology of cultivation of agricultural crops in Southern Ural. Weed control at growing of agricultural crops. Moscow: Agropromizdat. 66-71 pp. (In Russian)
Tolmachev A.I., ed. 1966. Keys to plants of Primorskii Territory and Amur Region. Moscow-Leningrad: Nauka. 492 pp. (In Russian)
Ul.yanova T.N. 1998. Weed plants in flora of Russia and other CIS countries. St. Petersburg: VIR. 233 pp. (In Russian)
Urozhok, V.KH. 1975. To flora of weeds of a forest belt Vishnevaya-Caspian Sea in the North of the Ural Region. Leningrad. 141-157 pp. (In Russian)
Vasil.ev D.S., Degtyarenko V.A. 1988. Herbicides under high technology of oil-yielding crops growing. Weed control at growing of agricultural crops. Moscow: Agropromizdat. 136-142 pp. (In Russian)
Vasil.eva L.I., Matsenko A.E. 1964. Keys to weed plants of the Virgin Lands. Moscow-Leningrad: Nauka. 132 pp. (In Russian)
Volkov A.N., ed. 1935. Areas of distribution of the major weed plants in the USSR. Moscow-Leningrad: State Publishing House of Kolkhoz & Sovkhoz Literature. 99 p. (In Russian)
Vorob.ev N.E., Silybaeva B.M., Shabanova E.M. 1988. Harmfulness of weed plants and competitiveness of agricultural crops. Weed control at growing of agricultural crops. Moscow: Agropromizdat. 170-174 pp. (In Russian)
Voroshilov, V.N. 1966. Flora of the Soviet Far East (the synopsis with the tables for species identification). Moscow: Nauka. 478 pp. (In Russian)
Zhukova P.S., Grober M.I., Loban. N.A. 1988. Effectiveness of complex weed plants control on potato fields in Belorussia. Weed control at growing of agricultural crops. Moscow: Agropromizdat. 145-151 pp. (In Russian)
Zhurakulov A. 1988. On weed control and increased cotton crop capacity on light-gray soils in Uzbekistan. Weed control at growing of agricultural crops. Moscow: Agropromizdat. 165-170 pp. (In Russian)

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2004 © N.N. Luneva & I.A. Budrevskaya (vector map, description), N.N. Luneva (picture).

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