Area of distribution and weediness of Sisymbrium altissimum L.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Specialist-biologist T.D. Sokolova,
GIS-specialist I.A.Budrevskaya.

Date of creation:



1:20 000 000.

Accuracy of the map:

It is created on materials of maps of natural scale 1:5 000 000 - 1:80 000 000 and on literature data.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic" USSR, 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic contents:

Vector map. Area is shown by polygons (main distribution) and by dots (sporadic distribution). Zone of weediness is shown by polygons.

Accuracy of the classifier:

The area of main and sporadic distribution and the zone of weediness are shown within the weed area where S.altissimum is a pernicious weed. The zone of weediness is established by criteria of occurrence of this species and abundance (Tanskii V.I. et al., 1998). In the limits of this zone, S.altissimum is characterized by 50% frequency of occurrence and 3 points of abundance.

Method of map production:

Areas of main distribution, sporadic distribution and weediness are established according to the analysis of the open published maps and literature. The area of S.altissimum is based on the map taken from Hulten E. & Fries M. (1986). This area is enlarged with the area in Western Siberia according to points of sporadic distribution of Hulten E. & Fries M. (1986) and data of Malyshev L.I., & Peshkova G.A. (1994), and in Central Asia according to Keller, B.A. et al. (1934). Limits of the zone of weediness are established according to Nikitin V.V. (1983), Ulyanova T.N. (1981), Keller B.A. et al. (1934), Ten A.G. (1988), being specified in accordance with data on abundance and frequency of the species occurrence, which are taken from the following references and adjusted to the limits of arable lands. Nikitin V.V. (1983) points out that S.altissimum is one of the main weed plants in Crimea. According to Ulyanova T.N. (1981), S.altissimum is a pernicious weed of wheat in the European part of the former USSR (except the Non-Chernozem region of Russia), in Western Siberia and Crimea. According to Keller B.A et al. (1934), S.altissimum has a wide distribution in crops in the southeast of the European part of the former USSR and in Central Asia, to the northwest occurring very rarely. Ten A.G. (1988) includes S.altissimum in the list of the most widespread weed species in Western Siberia. Sporadic distribution is shown according to Hulten E. & Fries M. 1986, Dorogostaiskaya E.V. (1972), Grossgeim A.A. (1950), Malyshev L.I., & Peshkova G.A. (1994), Tolmachev A.I. (1976), Kharkevich S.S. (1988).

Reference citations:

Artokhin, K.S. 2004. Atlas of weed plants. Rostov-na-Donu: Kniga, 144 p. (in Russian).
Bush, N.A., ed. 1939. Flora of the USSR. V. 8. Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR, 696 p. (in Russian).
Dorogostaiskaya, E.V. 1972. Weed plants of the Far North of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka, 172 p. (in Russian).
Grossgeim, A.A. 1950. Flora of the Caucasus. V. 4. Moscow & Leningrad: AN SSSR, 311 p. (in Russian).
Hulten, E. & Fries, M. 1986. Atlas of North European Vascular Plants, North of the Tropic of Cancer. Konigstein. V. 1-3. 1172 p.
Keller, B.A., ed. 1934. Weed plants of the USSR. V. 3. Leningrad: AN SSSR. 448 p. (in Russian).
Kharkevich, S.S., ed. 1988. Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East. V. 3. Leningrad: Nauka, 424 p. (in Russian).
Malyshev, L.I., Peshkova, G.A., eds. 1994. Flora of Siberia. V. 7. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 312 p. (in Russian).
Nikitin, V.V. 1983. Weed plants in the flora of the USSR. Leningrad: Nauka, 454 p. (in Russian).
Nikonov, A.A., ed. 1975. Weed plants of the Stavropol Territory. Proc. Stavropol NIISKH. Stavropol, 292 p. (in Russian).
Tanskii, V.I., Levitin, M.M., Ishkova, T.I. & Kondratenko, V.I. 1998. Phytosanitary diagnostics in integrated management of cereals. In: Novozhilov, K.V., ed. Compendium of methodical recommendations in plant protection. St.-Petersburg: VIZR, p. 5-55 (in Russian).
Ten, A.G., ed. 1988. Control measures of field weed vegetation in Altai Region. Recommendations. Novosibirsk: SO VASKHNIL, 40 p. (in Russian).
Tolmachev, A.I., ed. 1976. Flora of Northeast of the European part of the USSR. V. 3. Leningrad: Nauka. 296 p. (in Russian).
Ulyanova, T.N. 1981. Weed plants in wheat of the USSR. In: Korovina, O.N., ed. Catalogue of VIR world collection. Issue 320. Leningrad: VIR, 68 p. (in Russian).
Visyulina, O.D., ed. 1970. Weeds of the Ukraine. Kiev: Naukova dumka, 508 p. (in Ukrainian).
Vul.f, E.V. 1947. Flora of Crimea. V. 2 (1). Moscow: Selkhozgiz, 330 p. (in Russian).

Right and copyright:

All rights reserved. Copyright 2006 © T.D. Sokolova, I.A. Budrevskaya (vector map, description).

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