Area of distribution and weediness of Solanum nigrum L.

Object description Download GIS-layers


Scientist - S.Yu. Larina
GIS-specialist - I.A. Budrevskaya.

Date of creation:




Accuracy of map:

Map was created based on maps of natural scale 1:5,000,000 - 1:100,000,000.


"Alber's Equal Area Conic for the USSR" 9, 1001, 7, 100, 0, 44, 68, 0, 0.

Basic content:

Vector map. Area of distribution is shown by polygon (main distribution) and points (sporadic distribution). Zone of weediness is shown by polygon.

Accuracy of classifier:

Within the weed area of Solanum nigrum the zones of its weediness were established according to criteria of occurrence (% of fields where this species is found) and abundance [(expressed as projective cover of this species in the field (in % to the field area) (Tanskii et al., 1998)], i.e., where the occurrence of this species exceeded 20% and its abundance (projective cover) exceeded 15%.

Method of map production:

The areas of distribution and weediness of Solanum nigrum were established according to analysis of open-published maps and literature. The area of distribution was based on maps from publications of E.Hulten & M.Fries (1986) and A.N.Volkov (1935). Northern limit of the area was outlined according to E.Hulten & M.Fries (1986), with partial inclusion of the places of sporadic distribution of this species within southern regions of Ural mountains and Western Siberia after E.Hulten & M.Fries (1986) and P.Krylov (1939) in the main area, which is supported by data of A.N.Volkov (1935). The zones of weediness were established according to V.V.Nikitin (1983) and A.Lysenko (2002) and coordinated with the limits of arable lands. The sites of sporadic distribution of Solanum nigrum, in addition to the data of E.Hulten & M.Fries (1986), were depicted in the territory of Western Siberia according to P.Krylov (1939), A.V.Polozyi (1979) and L.M.Cherepnin (1965); in the Far East they were established based on S.S.Kharkevich (1991) and literature data (Nechaeva, 1987; Shaga, 1989); in northeast of the European part of the Former Soviet Union, after A.I.Tolmachev (1977) and literature data (Sergienko, 1983). Sporadic distribution of this species within the Caucasus was determined based on A.A.Grossgeim (1967); and in Primorskii Territory, Amur region and Khabarovsk Territory according to S.S.Kharkevich (1991); included in the main area, supported by data of A.N.Volkov (1935).

Reference citations:

Chebotar, A.A., ed. 1989. Plants of steppes and limestone slopes, and weeds. Kishinev: Shtiintsa. 304 p. (in Russian).
Cherepnin, L.M. 1965. Flora in southern part of Krasnoyarsk Territory. Issue 5. Krasnoyarsk: Publishing House of Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical Institute. 176 p. (in Russian).
Grossgeim, A.A. 1967. Flora of the Caucasus. V.7. Leningrad: Nauka. 894 p. (in Russian).
Hulten E., Fries M. Atlas of North European Vascular Plants, North of the Tropik of cancer: In 3 v. Konigstein, 1986. V. 1-3. 1172 p.
Keller, B.A., ed. 1935. Weed plants of the USSR. V. 4. Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 414 p. (in Russian).
Kharkevich, S.S., ed. 1991. Vascular plants of the Soviet Far East. V.5. Leningrad: Nauka. 390 p. (in Russian).
Krylov, P. 1939. Flora of Western Siberia. A guide to the identification of the Western-Siberian plants. V. 10. Tomsk: Tomsk's Botanical Department of All-Russian Association of naturalists. 239 p. (in Russian).
Lysenko, A. 2002. Peculiarities of weed control in the fields of Ukraine in summer-autumnal season of 2002. Propozitsiya. N7: 747: http://www.propozitsiya.com (in Ukrainian).
Malyshev, L.I. & Peshkova, G.A., eds. 1979. Flora of Central Siberia. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 1048 p. (in Russian).
Melnichuk, O.S. & Kovalivska, G.M. 1972. Atlas of the most widespread weeds of the Ukraine. Kiev: Urozhai, p. 27-28 (in Ukrainian).
Nechaeva, T.I. 1987. Rare and new plants for flora of southern Amur. In: Grubov V.I., ed. News of systematization of higher plants. V.24. Leningrad: Nauka. P.231-233. (in Russian).
Nikitin, V.V. 1983. Weed plants of the USSR flora. Leningrad: Nauka. 454 p. (in Russian).
Polozyi, A.V., ed. 1979. Flora of Krasnoyarsk Territory. Issue 9. Part 2. Tomsk: Tomsk University. 74 p. (in Russian).
Sergienko, V.G. 1983. New and rare plants for northwest of Kirov region. In: Grubov, V.I., ed. News of systematization of higher plants. V.20. Leningrad: Nauka. p.201-2. (in Russian).
Shaga, N.I. 1989. Adventive flora of Lower Amur. In: Tikhomirov, V.N., ed. Problems in investigation of adventive flora of the USSR. Moscow: Nauka. p.105-8. (in Russian).
Shishkin, B.K. & Bobrov, E.G., ed. 1955. Flora of the USSR. V.22. Moscow-Leningrad: AN SSSR. 861 p. (in Russian).
Tanskii, V.I., Levitin, M.M., Ishkova, T.I. & Kondratenko, V.I. 1998. Phytosanitary diagnostics in integrated management of cereals. In: Novozhilov, K.V., ed. Compendium of methodical recommendations in plant protection. Sankt-Petersburg: VIZR. p.5-55. (in Russian).
Tolmachev, A.I., ed. 1977. Flora of northeastern European part of the USSR. V.4. Leningrad: Nauka. 311 p. (in Russian).
Ulyanova, T.N. 1998. Weed plants in flora of Russia and other CIS countries. St.Petersburg: VIR. 343 p. (in Russian).
Visyulina, O.D., ed. 1970. Weeds of Ukraine (reference-identification guide). Kiev: Naukova Dumka. 508 p. (in Ukrainian).
Volkov, A.N., ed. 1935. Areas of distribution of the major weed plants in the USSR. Moscow-Leningrad: Publishing House of Kolchoz & Sovchoz Literature. 153 p. (in Russian).

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